Eco-friendly palm oil coming soon, criteria could result in cleaner biofuels
WWF news release
November 23, 2005
Singapore Consumers can soon enjoy soap, shampoos and many other products containing palm oil with a clean conscience following overwhelmingly acceptance by the Roundtable for Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) — a group of producers, buyers, retailers, financial institutions and NGOs — on a set of criteria for the responsible production of palm oil.
WWF is calling on companies to implement these criteria as soon as possible to ensure the conservation of tropical forests that are valuable for both people and endangered species, such as elephants, tigers, and orang-utans.
Known as the “RSPO Principles and Criteria for Sustainable Palm Oil Production” [PDF], the criteria give companies much-needed guidelines to produce palm oil in an environmentally friendly and socially responsible way. Its ratification was the result of a year-long participatory process involving a broad spectrum of stakeholders.
Palm oil is used in a vast range of everyday products, including soaps, chocolate bars, ice cream, ready-to-eat meals and margarine. Increasingly, it is being touted as a biofuel. Worldwide demand for palm oil has skyrocketed over the past 25 years, and palm oil plantations now cover an area of 11 million hectares. Global production of palm oil is expected to nearly double by 2020.
UK company demand for palm oil, a vegetable oil found in one in ten products on supermarket shelves, is driving the orang-utan towards extinction, new research reveals. The `Oil for Ape Scandal’ [PDF], published today by Friends of the Earth and the world’s leading orang-utan conservation groups, concludes that without urgent intervention the palm oil trade could cause the extinction of Asia’s only great ape within 12 years.
Plans to create the world’s largest palm oil plantation along Indonesia’s mountainous border with Malaysia could have a devastating impact on the forests, wildlife and indigenous people of Borneo, warns World Wildlife Fund.
According to the AFP, Malaysia announced that it will build three plants to produce biodiesel from palm oil, as part of efforts to reduce its dependency on foreign oil and increase demand for domestically produced palm oil.
Dr. Glenn Barry, the activist behind Forests.org and ClimateArk, sent out an Action Alert calling for the European Commission to reject a plan to use biofuels that contribute to rainforest destruction, notably palm oil and soybean oil. His message, displayed below, asks for readers to send an email message to the Director General of Energy and Transport for the European Commission.
While oil palm production is a major source of income for Malaysia and Indonesia, the main producer countries, bad practices in parts of the industry have also brought about high ecological and social costs. Industry growth is fuelling the rapid clearing of the most biodiverse tropical forests in the world, putting pressure on species that need these forests. Forest fires to clear land for plantations are a regular source of haze in Southeast Asia, posing serious health problems.
WWF believes that sustainable palm oil production is the best way to meet the world’s growing palm oil needs without further damaging forests and people. The ratification of the RSPO criteria is a crucial first step in the right direction.
“This breakthrough for sustainable palm oil was only possible because everyone worked together,” said Matthias Diemer, Head of WWF’s Forest Conversion Initiative. “Before consumers can find sustainable palm oil products on supermarket shelves, all companies in the supply chain, from plantations to retailers, must take immediate action to put these criteria into practice.”
While the criteria apply to producers, the buyers of palm oil, particularly food manufacturers and retailers, should switch to sustainable palm oil, thereby encouraging producers to do the right thing.
“Most of the lowland forest of the island of Sumatra has already been cleared for plantations and other uses,” added Dian Kosasih, Head of WWF-Indonesia’s forest programme.
“As sustainable palm oil production gains momentum, we have the chance to stop further destruction and save some of the world’s most biodiverse forests, which are excluded from conversion by the RSPO criteria.”
Initiated by WWF in cooperation with business partners in 2003, the RSPO is an independent non-profit organisation focused on promoting sustainable palm oil and achieving a common definition of responsible palm oil production. WWF participated actively in developing the RSPO criteria.
This article is a modified press release from WWF: Showering with a clean conscience: Palm oil will soon be produced without threatening tropical forests.