Rainforest in Borneo. Photo by: Rhett A. Butler.
Thank you Professor Anthony Hall.
After many years, we finally have a REDD textbook that can be used in the undergraduate and graduate classroom.
Professor Hall has produced an excellent contribution to the growing Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) literature. He has written both a foundational analysis of the concepts underpinning REDD with a detailed history of REDD-similar activities spanning almost a half century followed by a discussion of the socio-economic frameworks of current REDD practices in Latin America.
Each chapter succinctly addresses relevant underlying REDD topics. For example, in Chapter 2, Professor Hall’s analysis of the historical sources of REDD, from the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in 1972 attended by 113 nations to more recent events such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in 2010 in Cancun, Mexico, including a detailed financial analysis of possible sources of funds to support REDD, is the ideal text to support a classroom lecture. Professor Hall has written about REDD in an easy to understand manner that could be simply digested by non-content experts. With thorough endnotes and up-to-date citations, his work provides the best historical context analysis of REDD that is easily available to a wider audience.
In later chapters, Professor Hall asks us to consider that without a sound socio-economic backbone, REDD will not become an effective activity to mitigate climate change. He describes the need that throughout the agriculture frontier, rural communities and indigenous groups socio-economic structures, if they choose, should be the foundation of REDD activities.
Expanding upon Professor Hall’s framework to include a financial vertebra to the socio-economic backbone he describes may strengthen the effectiveness of REDD climate change mitigation efforts in these same communities. It would behoove the REDD community to support a conversation facilitated by Professor Hall’s textbook to review what does financial efficiency and effectiveness look like, from financial accounting ratios and taxation impacts to financial performance presentation frameworks and economic distribution models all incorporating REDD funding.
Through this discussion, the broader REDD community could learn how REDD could possibly impact local tax revenue, community financial soundness, local entrepreneurial activities such as technical REDD consulting, equity generation models individuals, institutions, and communities, and many other highly relevant financial questions. These financial framework questions are relevant for both REDD funding mechanisms that include carbon offset generation and REDD funding mechanisms that do not include carbon offset generation. In both contexts, REDD program and/or project financial soundness are an important criteria for any funder, whether grantor, government, institution, individual or capital markets.
Let’s support future researchers to build upon Professor Hall’s excellent REDD textbook to thoroughly examine and describe the financial criteria of an effective REDD program and project.
How to order:
Hardcover: 213 pages
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing, Inc.
ISBN, hardcover: 978-1-84980-282-6
ISBB, ebook: 978-1-84980-611-4
Author: Professor Anthony Hall, London School of Economics and Political Science
Author’s Website: Click here
Gabriel Thoumi, CFA is a frequent contributor to Mongabay.com.
(10/08/2012) From 1990 to 2010 almost all palm oil expansion in Kalimantan came at the expense of forest cover, according to the most detailed look yet at the oil palm industry in the Indonesian state, published in Nature: Climate Change. Palm oil plantations now cover 31,640 square kilometers of the state, having expanded nearly 300 percent since 2000. The forest loss led to the emission of 0.41 gigatons of carbon, more than Indonesia’s total industrial emissions produced in a year. Furthermore the scientists warn that if all current leases were converted by 2020, over a third of Kalimantan’s lowland forests outside of protected areas would become plantations and nearly quadruple emissions.
(09/27/2012) Agriculture is the direct driver of roughly 80 percent of tropical deforestation, while logging is the biggest single driver of forest degradation, says a new report funded by the British and Norwegian governments. The report presents an overview of drivers of deforestation to inform policymakers involved in developing the REDD+ mechanism, an international program that aims to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.
(09/25/2012) From 2008 through 2010, deforestation in the states of the Brazilian Amazon declined steeply, lowering reductions in CO2 emissions to the atmosphere by approximately 1.5 billion tons. During this same period, the 30 nations that participate in the world’s largest carbon market—the European Union’s “Emissions Trading Scheme” (EU ETS)—reduced emissions by about 1.9 billion tons (Figure 1). There is an important difference between these two extremely important steps towards emissions reductions. The first was achieved through climate-related donations of approximately US$ 0.47 billion. The second involved financial transactions of US$ 411 billion—roughly 875 times more money. Greenpeace’s new report , Outsourcing Hot Air, could help to slow—or reverse—the progress of tropical states and provinces around the world in reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD).
(09/25/2012) California’s inclusion of forest conservation-based carbon offsets in its climate change legislation may not lead to net reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and could exacerbate social conflict in places like southern Mexico, argues a report released Monday by Greenpeace. But the activist group faced sharp criticism from backers of California’s initiative.
(09/07/2012) Degradation and destruction of the world’s seagrasses, tidal marshes, and mangroves may generate up to a billion tons in carbon dioxide emissions annually, reports a new study.