Getting accurate estimates on wildlife populations is difficult in any habitat, but especially tricky in tropical forests where even large mammals are capable of melting into the foliage like ghosts. If you’ve ever spent time in a tropical rainforest, you know you could walk within a couple meters of a jaguar and never even know. Therefore, scientists have to come up with creative ways—from camera traps to pawprints to studying feces—to estimate population size. In the new issues of mongabay.com’s open access journal Tropical Conservation Science, researchers look at the most accurate way to count white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in central Mexican forests.
“The white-tailed deer is not considered an endangered species by the IUCN; however, local extinctions as a result of over-hunting and habitat loss are common in many sites in the Neotropics . Of the 38 recognized subspecies, at least 20 have a Neotropical distribution, but few [less than 6] have been studied, and population density data is not available for many sites. Therefore, suggestions on methods and field procedures to estimate population densities of the white-tailed deer are a crucial aspect for the conservation of this species,” the researchers write.
Accurate estimations of white-tailed deer populations in central Mexico are vital for sustainable management, given that the species is an important part of locals’ diets. Researchers tried four different methods of pellet counting to find the best way to compile population density: two ways to count pellet groups in circular plots known as FSC or FAR, strip transects, or line transects. They found that average density estimates were similar in all four counts, but recommend that line transects were the best method. Second was strip transect and last FSC.
The researchers write that in order to conduct any accurate count, “two crucial factors are required […]: pellet decomposition rate and daily defecation rate.”
The researchers caution, however, that every habitat is different.
“We strongly suggest replicating our study in other tropical areas in order to test these sampling methods. An important requirement is the comparison of these methods under different levels of white-tailed deer abundance.”
Angela A. Camargo-Sanabria and Salvador Mandujano. Comparison of pellet-group counting methods to estimate population density of white-tailed deer in a Mexican tropical dry forest. Tropical Conservation Science. Vol.4 (2):230-243, 2011.
Mexican environmental activist shot dead
(04/25/2011) Javier Torres Cruz, 30, who fought illegal deforestation by drug traffickers in the Mexican state of Guerroro, was murdered a week ago. A member of the local NGO, Environmental Organization of the Coyuca and Petatlán Mountains, Torres Cruz was known as an outspoken activist against illegal logging in the mountainous dry forest region. Logging in the region is primarily linked to fields of poppies for the illegal drug trade.
The hair-snare: non-invasive animal research technique makes good in Mexico
(12/19/2010) It’s not easy or cheap to catch an elusive wild cat, and trapping such an animal can prove harmful to the individual. With such factors in mind, researchers are consistently turning to non-invasive methods of gathering data about species, including collecting feces and the increasingly popular camera trap. But one method rarely gets mentioned: the humble hair-snare. A new study in mongabay.com’s open access journal Tropical Conservation Science has demonstrated the success of hair-snare in gathering data about mammals in Mexico, including the first successful hair catch of two rarely seen cat species, the jaguarundi (Puma yagouaroundi) and the margay (Leopardus wiedii).
Mexico has big role in the illegal parrot trade
(05/30/2010) Juan Carlos Cantu, Director of Defenders of Wildlife’s Mexico office, spoke with Laurel Neme on her The WildLife radio show and podcast about the illegal parrot trade in Mexico and how his innovative research into the trade was used by the Mexican Congress to reform that country’s Wildlife Law to ban all trade in parrots. The illegal pet trade is probably the second-biggest threat facing parrots in the wild, with only habitat loss rating higher, and the impact is disturbing. Defenders of Wildlife documented this threat in a 2007 landmark study which found between 65,000 and 78,500 parrots are illegally trapped in the wild in Mexico every year.