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New economic indicator accounts for depletion of natural resources and damage to the environment
Data Excerpts from a World Bank Report
Rhett A. Butler, mongabay.com
September 18, 2005


In September 2005, the World Bank published a report, Where Is the Wealth of Nations?, that introduced a new measure of wealth that takes into account the depletion of natural resources and damage to the environment. These factors are neglected under current indicators used to guide development decisions, notably Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

Below you will find the rankings for 118 countries. At the top of the list is Switzerland with wealth per capita of $648,241. At the bottom is Ethiopia at $1,965.

A related press release can be found here. Other related tables include:
Other related tables: Change in Wealth Per Capita | Genuine Savings Estimates by Country

All figures are from Where Is the Wealth of Nations?, a World Bank report. The figures are copyright the World Bank as is the explanatory text that follows. Further information, along with the full report in PDF form, is available at www.worldbank.org/sustainabledevelopment



World Bank 2005: Total wealth for selected countries of the world
Sort by Country | Wealth Rank (top) | Wealth Rank (bottom)

CountryPopulationSubsoil assets US$ per capitaTimber resources US$ per capitaNontimber Forest Resources US$ per capitaProtected Areas US$ per capitaCropland US$ per capitaPastureland US$ per capitaNatural capital US$ per capitaProduced capital + urban land US$ per capitaIntangible capital US$ per capitaTotal wealth US$ per capita
Switzerland 7180000 0 493 50 2195 809 2396 5943 99904 542394 648241
Denmark 5340000 4173 211 25 1377 2184 3775 11746 80181 483212 575138
Sweden 8869000 263 2434 908 1549 1120 1676 7950 58331 447143 513424
United States 282224000 7106 1341 238 1651 2752 1665 14752 79851 418009 512612
Germany 82210000 269 263 39 1113 1176 1586 4445 68678 423323 496447
Japan 126870000 28 38 56 364 710 316 1513 150258 341470 493241
Austria 8012000 485 829 144 2410 1298 2008 7174 73118 412789 493080
Norway 4491000 49839 573 586 1339 567 1925 54828 119650 299230 473708
France 58893000 87 307 77 1026 2747 2091 6335 57814 403874 468024
Belgium-Luxembourg 10690000 20 254 20 0 575 2161 3030 60561 388123 451714
Netherlands 15919000 2053 27 7 527 1035 3090 6739 62428 352222 421389
Finland 5172000 58 6115 1259 1090 843 2081 11445 61064 346838 419346
United Kingdom 58880000 4739 44 14 495 583 1291 7167 55239 346347 408753
Italy 57690000 361 0 51 543 2639 1083 4678 51943 316045 372666
Australia 19182000 11491 748 551 1421 4365 5590 24167 58179 288686 371031
Ireland 3813000 385 222 51 172 1583 8122 10534 46542 273414 330490
Canada 30770000 18566 4724 1264 5756 2829 1631 34771 54226 235982 324979
Israel 6289000 10 0 6 1350 1757 877 3999 44153 246570 294723
Spain 40500000 50 81 105 360 2806 971 4374 39531 217300 261205
Singapore 4018000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 79011 173595 252607
New Zealand 3858000 3596 1648 611 11786 5824 19761 43226 36227 163481 242934
Greece 10560000 318 82 101 57 3424 573 4554 28973 203445 236972
Portugal 10130000 41 438 107 385 1724 934 3629 31011 172837 207477
Barbados 267000 988 0 0 0 190 210 1388 18168 127181 146737
Korea, Rep. of 47008000 33 0 30 441 1241 275 2020 31399 107864 141282
Argentina 35850000 3253 105 219 350 3632 2754 10312 19111 109809 139232
Antigua and Barbuda 72310 0 0 28 0 1003 468 1500 38796 91554 131849
Seychelles 81131 0 0 84 0 0 0 84 28836 96653 125572
Uruguay 3322000 0 0 88 22 3621 5549 9279 10787 98397 118463
St. Kitts and Nevis 44286 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 35711 64457 100167
Brazil 170100000 1708 609 724 402 1998 1311 6752 9643 70528 86922
Chile 15211000 5188 986 231 1095 2443 1001 10944 10688 56094 77726
Hungary 10024000 536 152 42 366 2721 1131 4947 15480 56645 77072
Estonia 1370000 384 1382 341 490 1114 2572 6283 18685 41802 66769
St. Lucia 155996 0 0 13 0 3394 108 3516 13594 49090 66199
Mexico 97966000 6075 199 128 176 1195 721 8493 18959 34420 61872
Costa Rica 3810000 2 629 117 657 5811 1310 8527 8343 44741 61611
Mauritius 1187000 0 0 3 0 577 62 642 11633 48010 60284
South Africa 44000000 1118 310 46 51 1238 637 3400 7270 48959 59629
Dominica 71530 0 .. 146 0 5274 553 5973 15310 37802 59084
Panama 2854000 0 176 228 726 3256 664 5051 11018 41594 57663
Trinidad and Tobago 1289000 30279 42 46 112 444 54 30977 14485 12086 57549
Grenada 101400 0 0 0 0 572 67 640 16128 38544 55312
Belize 240000 0 344 1272 0 5201 133 6950 9710 36275 52935
St. Vincent 111992 0 0 12 0 2106 109 2228 10486 36518 49232
Turkey 67420000 190 64 34 86 2270 861 3504 8580 35774 47859
Jamaica 2580000 856 157 29 609 824 152 2627 10153 35016 47796
Latvia 2372000 0 1155 279 668 1506 1877 5485 12979 28734 47198
Suriname 425000 4451 293 1173 7626 2113 210 15866 5818 25444 47128
Malaysia 23270000 6922 438 188 161 1369 24 9103 13065 24520 46687
Venezuela 24170000 23302 0 464 1793 1086 581 27227 13627 4342 45196
Fiji 812000 77 0 227 0 1381 522 2208 4192 38480 44880
Colombia 42299000 3006 134 266 253 1911 978 6547 4872 33241 44660
Gabon 1258000 24656 1570 841 1 1480 37 28586 17797 -3215 43168
Botswana 1675000 246 172 1681 299 55 730 3183 8926 28483 40592
Peru 25939000 934 153 570 98 1480 341 3575 5562 29908 39046
Russian Federation 145555008 11777 292 1228 1317 1262 1342 17217 15593 5900 38709
Namibia 1894000 46 0 962 260 204 881 2352 5574 28981 36907
Tunisia 9564000 1610 27 12 8 1546 736 3939 6270 26328 36537
El Salvador 6209000 0 105 4 4 404 395 912 4109 31455 36476
Thailand 60728000 469 92 55 855 2370 96 3936 7624 24294 35854
Paraguay 5270000 0 882 1005 78 2193 1215 5372 4480 25747 35600
Ecuador 12420000 5205 335 193 1057 5263 1065 13117 2841 17788 33745
Dominican Republic 8353000 286 27 37 461 1980 386 3176 5723 24511 33410
Cape Verde 435000 0 0 44 0 585 82 711 3902 28329 32942
Jordan 4887000 9 16 4 89 580 234 931 5875 24740 31546
Guatemala 11385000 301 517 57 181 1697 218 2971 3098 24411 30480
Romania 22435000 1222 290 65 175 1602 1154 4508 8495 16110 29113
Swaziland 1045000 0 314 113 0 372 467 1267 3628 22844 27739
Bulgaria 8170000 244 126 102 217 1650 1108 3448 5303 16505 25256
Iran 63664000 11370 0 26 109 1989 611 14105 3336 6581 24023
Morocco 28705000 106 22 24 7 993 453 1604 3435 17926 22965
Egypt 63976000 1544 0 0 0 1705 0 3249 3897 14734 21879
Philippines 76627000 30 90 17 59 1308 45 1549 2673 15129 19351
Algeria 30385000 11670 68 16 161 859 426 13200 8709 -3418 18491
Bolivia 8428000 934 100 1426 232 1550 541 4783 2110 11248 18141
Albania 3113000 300 38 72 247 1660 1574 3892 1745 11675 17312
Guyana 759000 1147 680 2886 12 5324 252 10301 3333 2176 15810
Lesotho 1744000 0 4 2 1 239 269 515 3263 11699 15477
Sri Lanka 18467000 0 58 24 166 485 84 817 2710 11204 14731
Cote d'Ivoire 15827000 2 367 102 11 2568 72 3121 997 10125 14243
Indonesia 206264992 1549 346 115 167 1245 50 3472 2382 8015 13869
Nicaragua 5071000 9 475 146 184 867 410 2092 1719 9403 13214
Georgia 5262000 66 0 129 66 737 802 1799 595 10642 13036
Honduras 6457000 24 727 189 282 1189 595 3005 3064 5497 11567
Cameroon 15117000 914 348 357 187 2748 179 4733 1749 4271 10753
Syrian Arab Rep. 16189000 6734 0 6 0 1255 730 8725 3292 -1598 10419
Ghana 18912080 65 290 76 7 855 43 1336 686 8343 10365
Senegal 9530000 4 238 147 78 608 196 1272 975 7920 10167
Zimbabwe 12650000 301 211 341 70 350 258 1531 1377 6704 9612
China 1262644992 511 106 29 27 1404 146 2223 2956 4208 9387
Moldova 4278000 0 3 17 52 2435 752 3260 4338 1173 8771
Haiti 7959000 0 8 3 3 668 112 793 601 6840 8235
Comoros 558000 0 17 3 0 872 75 967 1270 5792 8030
Mauritania 2508159 1311 14 29 21 1128 480 2982 1038 3938 7959
Benin 6222000 15 321 96 207 603 90 1333 771 5791 7895
Pakistan 138080000 265 7 4 94 549 448 1368 975 5529 7871
Bhutan 805000 0 1888 849 1291 589 328 4945 2622 180 7747
Togo 4562000 7 163 25 21 649 50 915 800 5394 7109
India 1015923008 201 59 14 122 1340 192 1928 1154 3738 6820
Kenya 30092000 1 235 129 113 361 529 1368 868 4374 6609
Zambia 9886000 134 276 716 78 477 98 1779 694 4091 6564
Gambia, The 1312000 0 0 83 4 345 81 514 672 5179 6365
Bangladesh 131050000 83 4 2 9 810 52 961 817 4221 6000
Rwanda 7709000 2 81 9 27 1849 98 2066 549 3055 5670
Mali 10840000 0 121 276 44 1420 295 2157 621 2463 5241
Malawi 10311000 0 184 56 26 474 45 785 542 3873 5200
Burkina Faso 11274000 0 239 142 100 547 191 1219 821 3047 5087
Madagascar 15523000 0 174 171 36 955 345 1681 395 2944 5020
Chad 7861000 0 311 366 80 787 316 1861 289 2307 4458
Mozambique 17691000 0 340 392 9 261 57 1059 478 2695 4232
Guinea-Bissau 1367000 0 195 362 0 1180 121 1858 549 1566 3974
Nepal 23043000 0 233 38 81 767 111 1229 609 1964 3802
Niger 10742000 1 9 28 152 1598 187 1975 286 1434 3695
Congo, Rep. of 3447000 7536 0 1450 3 329 13 9330 6343 -12158 3516
Burundi 6807000 4 23 3 7 1130 44 1210 206 1443 2859
Nigeria 126910000 2639 270 24 6 1022 78 4040 667 -1959 2748
Ethiopia 64298000 0 63 16 167 353 197 796 177 992 1965




Column headers. What they mean.

The figures are copyright the World Bank. Further information, along with the full report in PDF form, is available at www.worldbank.org/sustainabledevelopment

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