Government officials are pointing to the drought and wildfires in Russia, and the floods across Central and East Asia as consistent with climate change predictions. While climatologists say that a single weather event cannot be linked directly to a warming planet, patterns of worsening storms, severer droughts, and disasters brought on by extreme weather are expected as the planet warms.
In Russia, likely thousands of people have died from heat-related illnesses and 20 percent of the nation’s grain harvest has been lost due to a prolonged drought, record-breaking high temperatures, and hundreds of peatland and forest fires, which have blanketed Moscow in a toxic fog. This summer Moscow has broken 100 degrees Fahrenheit a number of times, while the previous record was 99 degrees Fahrenheit.
Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin has put a ban on grain exports from Russian in order to keep prices low domestically until 2011. Putin’s announcement aggravated fears of a global food crisis as wheat prices have almost doubled since June.
On Thursday, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev told a Russian Security Council meeting, “Everyone is talking about climate change now. Unfortunately, what is happening now in our central regions is evidence of this global climate change, because we have never in our history faced such weather conditions in the past. This means that we need to change the way we work, change the methods that we used in the past.”
On Friday Medvedev continued his sudden frankness on climate change, warning that climate change could impact the Winter Olympics.
“Frankly, what is going on with the world’s climate at the moment should incite us all (I mean world leaders and heads of public organizations) to make a more strenuous effort to fight global climate change,” he said.
Russia is one of the world’s largest greenhouse gas emitters: when emissions due to deforestation are not included, Russia is listed as among the top 4, after China and the US, and nearly equal to India.
Prior to the heat-disaster in Russia, Medvedev announced that the nation aimed to ‘cut’ greenhouse gas emissions by 10-15 percent by 2020, however since this is based on a baseline of 1990 emissions (before the Soviet Union collapsed), it would actually allow Russia’s greenhouse gas emissions to rise by 29-36 percent over the next ten years, according to Reuters.
The Asian Deluge
At the same time as central Russia is experiencing record heat and debilitating fires, a number of Asian nations have been hit with catastrophic flooding and mud slides. Flashfloods in India have left 132 people dead and some 500 missing, while mudslides in China due to flooding has taken the lives of 127 people. Nearly 50,000 people have been evacuated in China.
But to date no nation appears worst hit than Pakistan, where flooding has killed 1,600 people and affected 14 million. Landslides have followed the flooding killing dozens more.
Rice crops have also been impacted, furthering concerns of an impending global food crisis. Currently it is estimated that 4 million Pakistani flood victims are in need of food. The floods are being considered the worse in 80 years.
Pakistani glaciologist, Prof M. Iqbal Khan, told the Associated Press of Pakistan that the flooding was linked to melting glaciers in upper Pakistan.
“I have warned everyone about the floods in Peshawar, Charsadda and Nowshera due to the global warming in my previous interviews but nobody took notice and the result is before us,” he said, adding that “it is the glaciers which are adding fuel to the fire and due to the melting of glaciers the flood situation is aggravated.”
Experts say a warming world increases the likelihood and severity of flooding in some regions since warmer temperatures causes increases the volume of water vapor in the air leading to heavier precipitation events.
More water vapor also feeds severe storms, boosting their strength and severity. Asia has not been alone in experiencing unusually severe flooding. A number of record floods also hit the United States over the last six months.
Progress slow on climate change negotiations
Meanwhile a climate conference in Bonn, Germany, ended on Friday with what looked like little progress on increasingly difficult negotiations. US chief negotiator Jonathan Pershing said that both the fires in Russia and the floods in Pakistan were “consistent with the kind of changes we could expect from climate change, and they will get worse if we don’t act quickly”.
Wendel Trio, climate policy director from Greenpeace, said more starkly: ”Russia is burning and Pakistan is drowning, yet [officials] seem happy to continue as if they have all the time in the world.”
The last six months have been the hottest on record worldwide since data-taking began in the late 19th Century. The decade from 2000-2009 was also the warmest on record. Climate experts overwhelmingly say that the world is warming due to extensive greenhouse gas emissions from human activities.
Record highs, forest fires, and ash-fog engulf Moscow
(07/27/2010) Moscow and parts of Russia have been hit by record high temperatures and forest fires. Ashen fog from peat forests burning near Moscow has prompted officials to warn elderly and those with heart or bronchial problems to stay inside. Workers should be allowed a siesta to rest in the afternoon, as well, said the Russia’s chief health official.
(07/22/2010) The world’s coral reefs are in great danger from dual threats of rising temperatures and ocean acidification, Charlie Veron, Former Chief Scientist of the Australian Institute of Marine Science, told scientists attending the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation meeting in Sanur, Bali. Tracing the geological history of coral reefs over hundreds of millions of years, Veron said reefs lead a boom-and-bust existence, which appears to be correlated with atmospheric carbon dioxide levels. With CO2 emissions rising sharply from human activities, reefs—which are home to perhaps a quarter of marine species and provide critical protection for coastlines—are poised for a ‘bust’ on a scale unlike anything seen in tens of millions of years.
(07/20/2010) Data released from the US’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the National Climatic Data Center shows that June 2010 was a record breaker. It was the warmest month of June globally since record-taking began in 1880 and it is the 304th month in a row that has been above the 20th Century average. The last month to fall below the average was February 1985: the month Nelson Mandela, who recently celebrated his 92nd birthday, rejected an offer of freedom from the then apartheid government.