Mysterious pygmy hippo filmed in Liberia

Jeremy Hance
mongabay.com
December 19, 2011



Conservationists have captured the first ever footage (see video below) of the elusive pygmy hippo (Choeropsis liberiensis) in Liberia. The forest-dwelling, nocturnal species—weighing only a quarter of the size of the well-known common hippo (Hippopotamus amphibius)—has proven incredibly difficult to study. But the use of camera traps in Liberia's Sapo National Park has allowed researchers a glimpse into its cryptic life.

"Outside of folklore and zoos, we know surprisingly little about the nocturnal and secretive pygmy hippo," explained Dr Chloe Hodgkinson, Liberia program manager at Fauna and Flora International (FFI). "These camera surveys provide us with vital insight into the ecology, behavior and distribution of this species."

Recent work on the pygmy hippo, which is listed as Endangered by the IUCN Red List, is being conducted by FFI along with the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) and the Forestry Development Authority of Liberia. The pygmy hippo is a focal species for the ZSL's EDGE program, which targets evolutionary unique and threatened species.

Native to west Africa, the pygmy hippo is down to around 2,000 individuals. Devastated by widespread deforestation the animals are also periodically killed for bushmeat. War in the region has also taken its toll. Aside from Liberia, the pygmy hippo is also believed to be found in Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), Guinea, and Sierra Leon. A possibly unique subspecies is thought extinct in Niger.

Liberia's wildlife, like its people, have suffered from two recent civil wars,the first lasting from 1989-1996 and the second from 1999-2003. During the first civil war much of Sapo National Park's infrastructure was destroyed and several of its rangers killed. In the more recent conflict thousands of hungry Liberians, whose homes were being looted, hunted in the park for subsistence, eating whatever they could kill.

Despite the terrible struggles, Sapo National Park—stretching over an area (180,800 hectares or 698 square miles) more than twice the size of Singapore —remains a unique place of regional biodiversity which, unlike many other parks in west Africa, has never suffered from large-scale logging. Other inhabitants of the park include the common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) and Jentink's dukier (Cephalophus jentinki), both listed as Endangered, as well as the diana monkey (Cercopithecus diana) and the forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) both listed as Vulnerable. Over 100 mammals and nearly 600 bird species have been recorded in the park.















Related articles

Liberia fights illegal logging through agreement with EU

(05/10/2011) The tiny West African nation of Liberia (about the size of the US state of Virginia) is the most recent country to work with the European Union (EU) on ending the illegal logging trade. Yesterday the EU and Liberia signed a Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) that would make certain no raw wood or wood products exported from Liberia to the EU would have been illegally cut.


95% of Liberia's elephants killed by poachers

(01/24/2011) Since the 1980s, Liberia has lost 19,000 elephants to illegal poaching, according to Patrick Omondi of the Kenya Wildlife Service speaking in Monrovia, the capital of Liberia. The poaching of Liberia's elephants has cut the population by 95% leaving only 1,000 elephants remaining.


Facing moratorium and criticism in Indonesia, Sinar Mas looks to Liberia for new palm oil opportunities

(09/05/2010) Singapore's Golden Agri-Resources, a holding of the embattled Sinar Mas Group, said it will form a partnership with the government of Liberia to establish a 220,000-hectare plantation in the West African nation, reports the Jakarta Globe.







CITATION:
Jeremy Hance
mongabay.com (December 19, 2011).

Mysterious pygmy hippo filmed in Liberia.

http://news.mongabay.com/2011/1219-hance_pygmyhippo.html