On Monday, Norway’s Environment Minister called for the US, Japan, and the EU to open their pocket books to support Indonesia’s drive to stop deforestation, according to Reuters. Norway has pledged $1 billion to Indonesia in an effort to stop rampant deforestation mostly due to industrial logging and the establishment of commercial plantations for palm oil and paper production.
“Indonesia needs quite substantially more [funds] to be able to conserve and sustainably manage its forests. The United States should come in, Japan, other European nations could come into this scheme to make it robust enough,” Norway’s Environment Minister, Erik Solheim, told Reuters in an interview. Norway has already paid out $30 million from its pledge to jump start pilot REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) projects in Indonesia.
As apart of its agreement with Norway, Indonesia has set a two year moratorium on giving out new concessions to clear natural forests beginning in 2011. However, old permits will still be valid and, hence, forest clearing will continue to some extent.
Indonesia is the world’s third largest greenhouse gas emitter after China and the US. Eighty percent of Indonesia’s emissions come from clearing and degrading forests as well as draining carbon-rich peatland. Indonesia has pledged to cut 41% of its emissions from a projected baseline by 2020, if it receives international aid to do so.
(09/28/2010) Indonesia’s greenhouse gas emissions reached 2.1 billion tons of carbon dioxide in 2005, making it the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gases, but offering opportunities to substantially reduce emissions through forest conservation, reduced use of fire, protection of peatlands, and better forest management, reports a series of studies released earlier this month by the country’s National Climate Change Council (DNPI).
(08/25/2010) One third of Indonesia’s greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation originate from areas not officially defined as ‘forest’ suggesting that efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD+) may fail unless they account for carbon across the country’s entire landscape, warns a new report published by the World Agroforestry Centre (CGIAR). The policy brief finds that up to 600 million tons of Indonesia’s carbon emissions ‘occur outside institutionally defined forests’ and are therefore not accounted for under the current national REDD+ policy, which, if implemented, would enable Indonesia to win compensation from industrialized countries for protecting its carbon-dense forests and peatlands as a climate change mechanism.
(08/19/2010) Norway has agreed to transfer an initial $30 million to Indonesia under its $1 billion REDD+ (reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation) partnership with the Southeast Asian country.