tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:/xml/united_states1 united states news from mongabay.com 2015-02-26T19:41:53Z tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14383 2015-02-16T17:22:00Z 2015-02-26T19:41:53Z Arctic upheaval: new book outlines challenges at the top of the world <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/15/0215.arctic.9781610914406_FutureArctic-Struzik.thumb.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>For most of us, the Arctic is not at the front of our minds. We view it as cold, stark, and, most importantly, distant. Yet, even in an age of vast ecological upheaval, one could argue that no biome in the world is changing so rapidly or so irrevocably. Two hundred plus years of burning fossil fuels has warmed up the top of our planet more quickly than anywhere else. Jeremy Hance 81.303675 -82.900239 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14374 2015-02-12T19:59:00Z 2015-02-13T18:50:45Z U.S. Central Plains and Southwest will likely face apocalyptic drought <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/15/0212.thumb.800px-Dust-storm-Texas-1935.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In the recent film Interstellar, a mysterious phenomenon known as "the blight" is wiping out agriculture around the world until only corn&#8212;for some reason&#8212;survives. Humanity is on the brink of starvation. While the blight may be science fiction, global warming is not, and a new study finds that future warming could decimate the western U.S. over the next century. Jeremy Hance 42.414898 -99.888738 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14373 2015-02-12T15:54:00Z 2015-02-13T18:54:45Z Feds confirm first wolf in the Grand Canyon area shot dead Last fall, tourists to the north rim of the Grand Canyon reported seeing a gray wolf. The only problem was there had been no wolves in the area for over 70 years. Still, it turned out the animal in question was not a coyote or stray dog, but, indeed a female gray wolf known as "914F". She had migrated hundreds of miles from the northern Rockies. Unfortunately, this was near the end of her story. Jeremy Hance 36.814626 -112.178670 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14339 2015-02-03T20:03:00Z 2015-02-20T15:12:01Z Super-rare carnivore photographed in Yosemite after missing for nearly a century <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/15/0203.thumb.Sierra_Nevada_red_fox_in_Yosemite_2014-12-13.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>For years, biologists believed the Sierra Nevada fox was down to a single population of around 20 animals in California's Lassen Volcanic National Park. But then in 2010, biologists found a small population near Sonora Pass. Now, more good news: last week, scientists documented the first Sierra Nevada fox in Yosemite National Park in nearly 100 years. Jeremy Hance 37.978532 -119.856589 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14318 2015-01-28T20:11:00Z 2015-01-28T20:14:20Z Monarch butterfly population rises a little, but still perilously low <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/15/0128.EN_Infographic_Acres_-Monarchs-2015.thumbs.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The world's migrating monarch butterfly population has bounced back slightly from its record low last year, but the new numbers are still the second smallest on record. According to WWF-Mexico and the Mexican government, butterflies covered 2.79 acres (1.13 hectares) in nine colonies this year in the Mexican forests where the insects overwinter. Jeremy Hance 19.563749 -100.296949 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14311 2015-01-27T03:17:00Z 2015-01-27T03:56:19Z Scientists call on Obama to stop logging in old growth forests Seven conservation societies have joined a campaign to push the Obama administration to end old-growth forest logging in Alaska's Tongass National Forest. Rhett Butler 56.750323 -132.995454 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14305 2015-01-26T19:01:00Z 2015-01-26T20:55:17Z Accounting for natural capital on financial exchanges <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay.s3.amazonaws.com/sabah/150/sabah_aerial_1308.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Last month, Norway's stock exchange, the Oslo Børs, introduced a way for investors to use their money to promote sustainability. A new list by the stock exchange highlights green bonds, financial products issued by companies to raise capital for environmentally friendly projects. Notably, the list requires that issuing companies obtain and publicize outside opinions on the projects' environmental features. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14285 2015-01-21T02:59:00Z 2015-02-06T15:05:27Z Changing California forests may help us prepare for the future <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/i/usa/150/ca_big_basin_00164.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A new study published by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences examines how California’s forests have changed since the 1930s--and, according to its authors, can help us understand how forests will respond to the changing global climate in the future. Morgan Erickson-Davis 34.190118 -117.739773 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14218 2015-01-06T15:37:00Z 2015-01-06T18:11:01Z Judge protects Midwest wolves after 1,599 killed in three years Future wolf hunting and trapping seasons in the Upper Midwest are on hold after a judge ruled the Obama Administration erred in removing the top predator from the Endangered Species Act. The ruling came nearly three years after the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service dropped federal protections for the Great Lakes' wolf population. Since then hunters and trappers have killed 1,599 wolves. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14215 2015-01-05T17:00:00Z 2015-01-07T18:44:53Z Two vanishing prairie butterflies added to the Endangered Species Act <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/15/0105.First-Dakota-skipper-female-reared-at-MN-Zoo-7-1-14-ventral.150.gif" align="left"/></td></tr></table>This fall, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service added two little-known prairie butterflies to the Endangered Species Act. One of the species, the Poweshiek skipperling, may be down to only a few hundred individuals. The Dakota skipperling is faring a little better, but both have lost the majority of their habitat in the pass few hundred years and continue to decline. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14202 2014-12-29T14:32:00Z 2014-12-29T14:35:08Z Top 10 HAPPY environmental stories of 2014 <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay/jlh/okavango/150/okavango_452.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In what was widely seen as a possible breakthrough in the battle to coordinate some kind of response to global warming, China and the U.S. announced joint actions this year. On November 12th, the world's two most powerful countries surprised pretty much everyone by announcing that they would work together to tackle the crisis. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14188 2014-12-23T16:23:00Z 2015-01-21T20:13:49Z Top 10 Environmental Stories of 2014 <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay/sabah/150/sabah_2297.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In 2014, the unimaginable happened: companies representing the majority of palm oil production and trade agreed to stop cutting down rainforests and draining peatlands for new oil palm plantations. After years of intense campaigning by environmentalists and dire warnings from scientists, nearly two dozen major producers, traders, and buyers established zero deforestation policies. Jeremy Hance -2.391216 -64.166830 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14071 2014-11-25T20:16:00Z 2014-11-25T20:20:11Z Progress being made in curbing illegal timber imports Five major timber importers are making progress in cutting contraband wood from their markets, argues a series of reports published by Chatham House. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14028 2014-11-17T15:14:00Z 2014-11-17T15:25:03Z Green Climate Fund nears $7 billion after U.S. pledges $3 billion The Green Climate Fund (GCF) is suddenly looking very lively after two announcements over the weekend. The U.S. has announced an initial pledge of $3 billion to the fund, while Japan pledged $1.5 billion. This more than doubles the current amount pledged to the key fund, which is now around $6.94 billion from thirteen countries. The new pledges also bring the fund much closer to an initial goal of $10-15 billion. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14014 2014-11-12T22:45:00Z 2014-11-12T22:54:07Z Prelude to Paris: China and U.S. surprise world with joint climate deal <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/namibia/150/namibia_0000.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In what will likely have major ramifications for a new climate agreement in Paris in 2015, China and the U.S. surprised everyone today by announcing a joint climate deal. At a press conference in Beijing, China President, Xi Jingping, and U.S. President, Barack Obama, outlined climate actions for both juggernauts up to 2030. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13976 2014-11-04T13:46:00Z 2015-02-12T16:14:31Z Feds: gray wolf may have returned to the Grand Canyon after 70 years Over 70 years since the last gray wolf was killed in Grand Canyon National Park, the top predator may be back. Tourists have reported numerous sightings&#8212;and taken photos&#8212;of a wolf-like animal roaming federal forest land just north of the park. Agents with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service now intend to capture the animal to determine if it is indeed a wolf or perhaps a wolf-dog hybrid. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13965 2014-10-30T17:54:00Z 2014-11-06T17:57:44Z Dissolving pulp: a growing threat to global forests <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/1030-leaf-monkey-thumb.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Dissolving pulp is not just a threat to the forests of Indonesia. It is a growing industry across the globe, and it’s putting several of the world’s endangered forests in jeopardy. Morgan Erickson-Davis -27.756190 29.509802 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13900 2014-10-13T21:40:00Z 2014-10-13T21:53:00Z Could California be facing a mega-drought? <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/1013_Cali_drought_150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists and politicians, everyone agrees: California is in deep trouble. As the state enters its fourth year of drought and the soil has never been drier. Some look at the sky with hope that El Niño will bring much needed rain. But most are starting to wonder if this is just the beginning. Are we entering a mega-drought that could last for more than a decade? Brittany Stewart 37.776291 -122.423867 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13887 2014-10-08T14:49:00Z 2014-10-21T15:32:31Z The only solution for polar bears: 'stop the rise in CO2 and other greenhouse gases' <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/1008.Steveand2Cubs.100.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Steven Amstrup, Chief Scientist for Polar Bears International, has worked diligently on polar bears for over 30 years. He radio-collared some of the first bears and discovered that annual activity areas for 75 tracked females averaged at a stunning 149,000 square kilometers. His recent work highlighted the cost of global warming to these incredible animals and the sea ice they so closely depend on. Jeremy Hance 72.875466 -132.455211 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13859 2014-10-02T13:55:00Z 2014-12-30T22:30:56Z What makes the jaguar the ultimate survivor? New books highlights mega-predator's remarkable past and precarious future <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/1002.thumbnail.9781597269964.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>For thousands of years the jaguar was a God, then it was vermin to be destroyed, and today it is the inspiration for arguably the most ambitious conservation effort on the planet. A new book by renowned big cat conservationist, Alan Rabinowitz, tells this remarkable story from the jaguar's evolutionary origins in Asia to its re-emergence today as a cultural and ecological symbol. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13858 2014-10-01T22:57:00Z 2014-10-01T23:06:07Z Throng of 35,000 walruses is largest ever recorded on land, sign of warming arctic <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/1001-walrus1-thumb.jpeg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A mass of thousands of walruses were spotted hauled up on land in northwest Alaska during NOAA aerial surveys earlier this week. An estimated 35,000 occupied a single beach – a record number illustrating a trend in an unnatural behavior scientists say is due to global warming. Morgan Erickson-Davis 69.746180 -162.973563 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13814 2014-09-22T16:26:00Z 2014-09-22T20:40:44Z Over half a million people march for climate action worldwide, shattering turnout predictions Around 570,000 people took part in marches around the world yesterday calling for action on climate change. By far the largest event was in New York City, which had been dubbed the biggest climate march in history weeks before. Organizers estimate that 400,000 people showed up to the march in Manhattan, shattering predictions. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13754 2014-09-08T20:51:00Z 2014-09-08T21:00:07Z 'Canary in the cornfield': monarch butterfly may get threatened species status <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0908-monarch-thumb.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Monarch butterflies were once a common sight throughout the North American heartland. But declines in milkweed – their caterpillars’ only source of food – have led to a 90 percent decline in monarch numbers. Now, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is reviewing a petition that would grant the iconic species protection through the Endangered Species Act. Morgan Erickson-Davis 41.618377 -91.588802 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13733 2014-09-01T21:21:00Z 2014-09-02T17:22:59Z The last of her kind: centennial of the death of the world's last passenger pigeon <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0901-pass-pigeon-audubon-thumb.jpeg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>They once numbered in the billions, flying 60 miles per hour in flocks that darkened the sky. But on September 1, 1914, one hundred years ago today, the last member of what may have been the most numerous bird species on the planet died in a cage in the Cincinnati zoo. Morgan Erickson-Davis 39.104330 -84.400978 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13720 2014-08-27T18:57:00Z 2014-12-18T19:11:47Z Invasion of the lionfish: new research finds the situation may be worse than we thought <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0827-lionfish-wittenrich-thumb.png" align="left"/></td></tr></table>You may have recently read the controversial story on invasive lionfish research involving Dr. Zack Jud of Florida International University and a young girl named Lauren Arrington. While the issue of attribution in scientific research is crucial to the discipline, much of the media focus so far has sidestepped the real issue: what lionfish tolerance for brackish water really means for the environment. Morgan Erickson-Davis 32.240509 -80.489845 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13717 2014-08-26T20:18:00Z 2014-12-30T22:34:37Z How do we save the world's vanishing old-growth forests? <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/sabah_1454.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>There's nothing in the world like a primary forest, which has never been industrially logged or cleared by humans. They are often described as cathedral-like, due to pillar-like trees and carpet-like undergrowth. Yet, the world's primary forests&#8212;also known as old-growth forests&#8212;are falling every year, and policy-makers are not doing enough to stop it. Jeremy Hance 5.159093 116.924597 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13703 2014-08-22T18:14:00Z 2014-08-22T18:50:14Z Invasive species worsen damage from Hawaii's storms <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0822-asner-hawaii-cao-invasiv150e.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Damage from Hurricane Iselle, which recently battered Hawaii's Big Island, was exacerbated by invasion of non-native tree species, say experts who have studied the transformation of Hawaii's native forests. selle, which made landfall on the Big Island on August 7, was the third-strongest tropical cyclone to hit Hawaii since 1950. It caused upwards of $50 million in damage. Rhett Butler 19.46465 -155.015824 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13646 2014-08-11T17:14:00Z 2014-11-25T22:13:19Z Planting meadows in the ocean: technique may help restore disappearing seagrass beds <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0811-pearl-net-with-spathes-thumb.jpeg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Eelgrass is an important part of many ocean ecosystems, but is disappearing due to human impacts. However, a study published recently in found eelgrass beds could benefit from a restoration technique using seed-filled pearl nets. Morgan Erickson-Davis 37.785788 -122.368420 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13638 2014-08-07T16:44:00Z 2014-08-19T15:46:30Z Want to save Africa's elephants? Close all ivory markets <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0807.gabon-27820.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The only way to save the long-suffering elephants of Africa is to close every ivory market on the planet and destroy all ivory stockpiles, according to a bold new essay in Conservation Biology. Written by Elizabeth Bennett, the Vice President for Species Conservation at the Wildlife Conservation Society, the paper is likely to prove controversial. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13632 2014-08-05T21:23:00Z 2014-08-05T21:30:36Z New Jersey bans elephant ivory trade <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/namibia/150/namibia_1142.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>New Jersey Governor Chris Christie has signed into law a ban on elephant ivory sales, reports NorthJersey.com. The measure, passed earlier by the New Jersey State Senate and Assembly, establishes fines for first-time offenders caught buying or selling ivory products. Repeat offenders have stiffer fines. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13614 2014-07-31T12:53:00Z 2014-12-29T21:41:17Z Seeking justice for Corazón: jaguar killings test the conservation movement in Mexico <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0731.0731.2009-06-June-27---Corazon---Los-Pavos.ac.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Eight years ago, a female jaguar cub was caught on film by a motion-triggered camera trap set in the foothills of canyons, oak forest, and scrubland that make-up the Northern Jaguar Reserve, just 125 miles south of the U.S.-Mexico border. Three years later, in 2009, the jaguar reappeared on film as an adult. They called her 'Corazón' for the distinctive heart-shaped spot on her left shoulder. Jeremy Hance 29.056000 -109.231003 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13609 2014-07-30T18:00:00Z 2014-12-30T22:37:19Z The world's best mother: meet the octopus that guards its eggs for over four years <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/07290.deepseaoctopus.76619.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The ultimate goal of all species on the planet is procreation, the act of making anew. But few mothers could contend with a deep-sea octopus, known as Graneledone boreopacifica, which researchers have recently observed guarding its eggs for four-and-a-half years (53 months), before likely succumbing to starvation soon after. Jeremy Hance 36.782289 -121.833888 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13563 2014-07-21T15:48:00Z 2014-07-21T16:02:55Z Germany tops energy efficiency rating while U.S. remains stuck near the bottom Two years after the first energy efficiency ranking report put out by the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE), and the U.S. still lags widely behind most of the world's other large economies. In the second report, the U.S. came in at number 13 out of 16 nations&#8212;even beaten by new-comer to the report, India&#8212;while Germany took the top spot. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13490 2014-07-03T19:01:00Z 2014-07-03T19:18:09Z U.S should sanction Mozambique for its role in elephant, rhino poaching, urges NGOs Two prominent NGOs U.S should sanction Mozambique for its role in elephant, rhino poaching, urges NGOsare petitioning the U.S government to slap Mozambique with trade sanctions due to the country's role in regional poaching. The groups contend that Mozambique has done little to combat both its own poaching epidemic or stop its nationals from spilling over the border to kill rhinos and elephants in South Africa and Tanzania. Jeremy Hance -23.861151 31.754577 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13452 2014-06-25T20:50:00Z 2014-12-30T22:40:42Z Global warming puts trillions at stake, but mitigation offers big economic gains Two new reports this week look at the economics of global warming. The first, Risky Business, tallies the cost of climate change to the U.S., including tens-of-billions lost to destruction of coastal property, crop failures, drought, wildfires, and heatwaves. In contrast, the second report, by the World Bank, turns climate change economics on its head. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13413 2014-06-19T15:05:00Z 2014-06-19T15:27:25Z U.S. raises $800 million for oceans, including $7 million from Leonardo DiCaprio A U.S. State Department conference on the oceans raised an impressive $800 million for marine conservation this week. The conference was also notable for the announcement by President Obama of an intent to significantly expand the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument. Jeremy Hance 24.355395 -33.014298 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13411 2014-06-18T19:41:00Z 2014-06-18T19:42:33Z Billy Joel welcomes New York Senate's approval of ivory ban Musician Billy Joel has weighed in on the ivory bill making its way through the New York State legislature. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13407 2014-06-18T17:34:00Z 2014-11-05T22:37:39Z Bigger than Mexico? Obama announces major expansion of Pacific protected area <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0618.800px-Coral_at_Jarvis_Island_National_Wildlife_Refuge.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>President Obama announced yesterday he intends to drastically expand the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument making what will likely be the largest marine protected area on the planet. While the full extent of the ocean park has yet to be determined, it could potentially protect over two million square kilometers, an area larger than Mexico. Jeremy Hance 5.892872 -162.061203 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13380 2014-06-13T18:07:00Z 2014-06-13T21:47:04Z New York State Assembly approves bill banning ivory trade The New York State Assembly has passed a bill that would ban the purchase and sale of elephant ivory and rhino horn, reports the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), which played a key role in pushing the legislation. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13374 2014-06-12T19:19:00Z 2014-11-25T22:25:49Z More is better: high bee biodiversity boosts crop yields <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0612-wildbees-thumb.png" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists have discovered that blueberry plants visited by more diverse bee species increased their seed number, berry size and fruit set, and quickened their ripening time. They hope their findings encourage farmers to help support local wild bee communities. Morgan Erickson-Davis 35.084309 -79.133211 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13366 2014-06-10T15:21:00Z 2014-06-11T13:21:24Z EPA carbon proposal may be crucial step in addressing global climate change The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) June 2nd regulation proposal hit all the expected chords. Following on the heels of a January regulation for new power plants, the Clean Power Plan focuses on all existing electric generation. By 2030, the plan aims to reduce 2005-level carbon dioxide emissions by 30 percent. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13363 2014-06-09T16:09:00Z 2014-11-25T23:18:00Z By the bones: herring populations were superabundant before commercial fisheries <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0609-herring-bones-thumb.png" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists analyzed almost half a million fish bones to shed light on the population history of Pacific herring (<i>Clupea pallasii</i>) in the North Pacific Ocean. Their paper reveals a decline of unprecedented scale, and suggests that while the abundance of Pacific herring does fluctuate naturally, their numbers have fallen precipitously since commercial fishing started targeting the species in the 19th century. Morgan Erickson-Davis 52.932276 -147.435997 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13362 2014-06-09T15:54:00Z 2014-06-09T18:44:52Z New species has its anus behind its head <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0609.2.-An-image-of-the-new-species-showing-the-lack-of-eyes.-This-specimen-had-its-flesh-cleared-and-researchers-stained-the-bones-to-show-the-skeleton.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In the dark caves of southern Indiana in the United States, scientists have discovered a new species of cavefish that are blind, pinkish, and have their anus behind their heads. This peculiar new cavefish is the first to be described in North America in 40 years, and researchers have named it <i>Amblyopsis hoosieri</i> or Hoosier cavefish. Jeremy Hance 38.134448 -86.097954 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13330 2014-06-03T17:35:00Z 2014-06-03T17:51:44Z Turning point? U.S. and China announce major actions on global warming Could 2014 be a turning point for efforts to slash global greenhouse gas emissions? Maybe: in less than 24 hours the world's two largest emitters of carbon dioxide announced plans to finally rein-in the gas most responsible for global warming. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13320 2014-05-30T17:40:00Z 2014-05-30T17:42:37Z U.S. govt puts financial muscle behind REDD+ forest carbon conservation projects The U.S. government will put financial support behind an initiative that offers finance for emissions-reducing forest conservation projects. Rhett Butler 50.937554 6.960499 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13305 2014-05-28T20:52:00Z 2014-05-28T21:33:11Z Trawling: destructive fishing method is turning seafloors to 'deserts' <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0528-nematode-thumb.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Previous research has linked trawling to significant environmental impacts, such as the harvest of large numbers of non-target species, collectively termed “bycatch,” as well as destruction of shallow seabeds. Now, a new study finds this method is also resulting in long-term, far-reaching consequences in the deeper ocean and beyond. Morgan Erickson-Davis -0.010986 -20.714111 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13290 2014-05-27T18:41:00Z 2014-05-27T18:46:21Z Upcoming EPA Proposal could put America back on track to lead on global warming <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0527.temperature_nca-1991-2012_lrg.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A regulation proposal on coal plants that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will release in June could be great news for the climate change initiative. The EPA rolled out tough regulations on new constructions of electric generation facilities in January, but the nation's 1,500 existing power plants were left unaffected. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13276 2014-05-23T12:57:00Z 2014-05-23T13:04:59Z Extreme cold and drought in U.S. linked to climate change <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0522-drought2-thumb.jpeg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The U.S. Midwest and Northeast experienced one of the coldest, snowiest winters on record this past season. This might seem contrary to warming trends forecast by climate scientists, but a new analysis released today in <i>Science</i> points out that climate change caused by greenhouse gas emissions may actually have contributed to the well-below average temperatures seen in parts of the U.S. Morgan Erickson-Davis 6.966817 163.493459 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13248 2014-05-19T12:51:00Z 2014-12-30T22:44:49Z The quiet zoo revolution <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0518.zoos.Tara-Harris-tiger-hand-paw-photo.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A quiet zoo revolution has also been occurring over the past twenty-five years. Rather than just stand by the sidelines as species vanish in the wild, many zoos have begun funding on-the-ground conservation efforts. This revolution signals a widening realization by zoos of the positive&#8212;and wholly unique&#8212;role they could play in combating global mass extinction. But are zoos doing enough? Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13232 2014-05-15T20:29:00Z 2014-05-15T20:44:56Z 53 indigenous activists on trial for police-protester massacre in Peru <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay/peru/150/peru_aerial_1639.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In the summer of 2009, on a highway in Peru known as Devil's Curve: everything went wrong. For months, indigenous groups had protested new laws by then President Alan Garcia opening up the Amazon to deregulated logging, fossil fuels, and other extractive industries as a part of free trade agreements with the U.S. Jeremy Hance -12.050560 -77.039993 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13206 2014-05-12T13:15:00Z 2014-05-12T14:16:28Z After 89-year absence a wolf returns to Iowa...and is shot dead DNA testing has confirmed that an animal shot in February in Iowa's Buchanan County was in fact a wolf, according to the Iowa Department of Natural Resources. This is the first confirmed gray wolf (Canis lupus) in the U.S. state since 1925. Jeremy Hance 42.488864 -91.948882 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13152 2014-04-30T13:19:00Z 2014-12-30T22:47:21Z Fish-terrorizing, prehistoric-looking turtle actually three species <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0430.RS10188_Alligator_Snapping_Turtle_Garry_Tucker_USFWS_Wikimedia_CC_BY_FPWCjpg.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>So, you're a fish swimming in a river in Louisiana. Hungry, you see a little worm wiggling out from the river bed. You swoop in for the ambush only to have that little worm turn into the gaping maw of some prehistoric-looking monster out of fishy nightmares. You've been duped: it's too late to escape as the beast's jagged jaws close over you. Meet the alligator snapping turtle...or one of several species. Jeremy Hance 30.385472 -83.171660 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13147 2014-04-29T12:52:00Z 2014-05-06T16:37:46Z 3M linked to deforestation in Brazil, Canada, Europe, and U.S., says NGO <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0429.3m-scandal-report-final4.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A new report from activist group, ForestEthics, alleges that U.S. company, 3M, supplies many of its products from endangered forests around the world. The NGO links 3M's masking tape and sandpaper to caribou habitat in the boreal forests of Canada, Scotch-Brite sponges to a controversial paper mill in Brazil, and those ubiquitous Post-it Notes to allegedly poor logging practices in the U.S. Jeremy Hance 44.950737 -92.996032 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13129 2014-04-25T00:00:00Z 2014-12-30T22:49:12Z The beef with beef: how 12 strategies could drastically cut agricultural emissions <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay.s3.amazonaws.com/colombia/150/colombia_6299.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Eating less beef, cutting food waste, and utilizing farm landscapes to sequester carbon are three ways a new report suggests the world could rapidly tackle agricultural emissions. Currently, global agriculture accounts for nearly a fifth of the world's greenhouse gas emissions when agriculturally-linked deforestation is included. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13059 2014-04-08T19:48:00Z 2014-04-08T20:25:55Z Featured video: Showtime releases first episode of major new climate change series online <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/ford.orangutan.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Although Showtime's landmark new climate change series doesn't premiere until Sunday, the network has released an edited version of the first episode of Years of Living Dangerously to the public (see below). The nine-part documentary series is being billed as a "groundbreaking" exploration into the many ways that climate change is already wreaking havoc on the lives of people around the world. Jeremy Hance 0.010477 101.530569 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13035 2014-04-04T16:42:00Z 2014-04-07T14:34:28Z The incredible shrinking salamander: researchers find another casualty of climate change <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0404-lips-montanus-thumb.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Climate change is contributing to a slew of global problems, from rising seas to desertification. Now, researchers have added another repercussion: shrinking salamanders. Many amphibian populations around the world are currently experiencing precipitous declines, estimated to be at least 211 times normal extinction rates. Scientists believe these declines are due to a multitude of factors such as habitat loss, agricultural contamination, and the accidental introduction of a killer fungus, among others. Morgan Erickson-Davis 37.933742 -79.776046 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13034 2014-04-03T22:55:00Z 2014-11-25T23:23:47Z U.S. citizens willing to spend billions to protect monarch butterflies <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0403-monarch-thumb.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>New research shows Americans are willing to pay for the protection of the ailing monarch butterfly, which is experiencing a steep decline in numbers. The study, published in Conservation Letters, found nearly three-quarters of those surveyed placed importance on conservation efforts for the iconic species. Morgan Erickson-Davis 19.696638 -101.548731 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13014 2014-04-01T15:24:00Z 2014-07-21T19:57:54Z Death of young Sumatran rhino shouldn't discourage captive breeding efforts say conservationists <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0331.Terri-and-Suci-2009.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Just over two weeks ago, conservationists in the Malaysian state of Sabah managed to finally catch a wild Sumatran rhino female after months of failed attempts. But following such hopeful events, comes bad news thousands of miles away: a young female rhino, named Suci, died over the weekend at the Cincinnati Zoo. Jeremy Hance 39.142873 -84.508063 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12909 2014-03-11T13:42:00Z 2014-03-11T13:55:23Z Cocaine: the new face of deforestation in Central America <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/thumb.cut.roatan_forest_burning_0.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In 2006, Mexico intensified its security strategy, forming an inhospitable environment for drug trafficking organizations (also known as DTOs) within the nation. The drug cartels responded by creating new trade routes along the border of Guatemala and Honduras. Soon shipments of cocaine from South America began to flow through the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor (MBC). This multi-national swathe of forest, encompassing several national parks and protected areas, was originally created to protect endangered species, such as Baird's Tapir (Tapirus bairdii) and jaguar (Panthera onca), as well as the world's second largest coral reef. Today, its future hinges on the world's drug producers and consumers. Jeremy Hance 15.667404 -86.826363 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12873 2014-03-04T23:51:00Z 2014-03-05T23:57:29Z Greenpeace stunt targets Procter & Gamble’s Cincinnati headquarters over palm oil Several Greenpeace activists were arrested after they scaled Procter & Gamble's headquarters in a demonstration against the company's use of palm oil linked to deforestation in Indonesia. Rhett Butler 39.10319 -84.505251 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12838 2014-02-27T15:49:00Z 2014-02-27T16:19:44Z Despite frigid cold in U.S., January was the fourth warmest on record worldwide Worldwide, this January was the fourth warmest since record-keeping began, according to new data released by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). While parts of the world, most notably eastern North America and northern Russia, experienced temperatures well-below average, overall the month was a scorcher. In fact, another dataset, from NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS), that uses different methodology, found that January was the third warmest since record keeping began. Jeremy Hance 44.954352 -93.091679 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12766 2014-02-12T13:40:00Z 2014-02-12T16:33:49Z Obama announces new strategy to tackle wildlife trafficking, including toughening ivory ban Yesterday, the Obama administration announced an ambitious new strategy to help tackle the global illegal wildlife trade, including a near-complete ban on commercial ivory. The new strategy will not only push over a dozen federal agencies to make fighting wildlife trafficking a new priority, but will also focus on reducing demand for wildlife parts and actively engaging the international community. The U.S. is the world's second largest destination for illegal wildlife trafficking after China. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12749 2014-02-10T05:54:00Z 2014-02-10T05:55:47Z 365-988 million birds killed annually in U.S. window collisions 365-988 million birds are killed in the U.S. each year in collisions with buildings, estimates a review published last month in the journal <i>The Condor: Ornithological Applications</i>. Tiffany Roufs tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12729 2014-02-05T15:10:00Z 2014-02-05T15:26:48Z Alaska roasting: new NASA map shows the Final Frontier in grip of January heatwave <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0205.alaska_tmo_2013023.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Alaska got California weather at the end of January, as displayed by a new map based on data by NASA's Terra satellite's Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). The U.S. state experiences one of its warmest winter periods on record during the second half of January, including some temperatures that ran 40 degrees Fahrenheit (22 degrees Celsius) above average. According to the EPA, temperatures in Alaska have risen an average of 3.4 degrees Fahrenheit (1.9 degrees Celsius) in just the last 50 years due to climate change. Jeremy Hance 64.736641 -156.628419 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12711 2014-01-31T13:57:00Z 2014-01-31T14:07:36Z Migrating monarch butterflies hit shockingly low numbers <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0715Monarch150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The monarch butterfly population overwintering in Mexico this year has hit its lowest numbers ever, according to WWF-Mexico. Monarch butterflies covered just 0.67 hectares in Mexico's forest, a drop of 44 percent from 2012 already perilously low population. To put this in perspective the average monarch coverage from 1994-2014 was 6.39 or nearly ten times this year's. For years conservationists feared that deforestation in Mexico would spell the end of the monarch migration, but now scientists say that agricultural and policy changes in the U.S. and Canada&#8212;including GMO crops and habitat loss&#8212;is strangling off one of the world's great migrations. Jeremy Hance 19.082884 -101.426697 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12695 2014-01-28T15:59:00Z 2014-01-28T16:32:18Z Over 2,500 wolves killed in U.S.'s lower 48 since 2011 Hunters and trappers have killed 2,567 gray wolves in the U.S.'s lower 48 states since 2011, according to recent data. Gray wolves (<i>Canis lupus</i>) were protected by the Endangered Species Act (ESA) for nearly 40 years before being stripped of their protection status by a legislative rider in 2011. Last year total wolf populations were estimated at over 6,000 in the region. Jeremy Hance 44.510218 -110.611954 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12686 2014-01-25T22:42:00Z 2014-01-25T22:43:13Z NASA picture reveals shocking impact of California's drought A pair of satellite images released this week by NASA reveal the shocking impact of California's drought, which is now entering its third year. Rhett Butler 39.044786 -120.655289 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12680 2014-01-23T17:14:00Z 2014-01-23T17:25:33Z The next best thing: how well do secondary forests preserve biodiversity? <table align="left"><tr><td><img src=" http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0116Mongabay_150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Secondary forests, which are areas that were previously cleared of old-growth cover, now comprise the majority of the forested areas in the United States, Europe, and elsewhere. A heavily debated issue is to what extent secondary forests are able to contribute to the preservation of biodiversity. In an article published in PLOS ONE, a group of researchers from the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute led by Michiel van Breugel evaluated the biodiversity preservation potential of secondary forests. Tiffany Roufs 9.145486 -79.839478 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12668 2014-01-20T23:47:00Z 2014-01-20T23:50:04Z Emissions outsourced to China return to U.S. in form of air pollution Twenty percent of China's air pollution can be attributed to goods exported to America, with some of those emissions drifting back to the Western United States, finds a study published this week in the journal <i>Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences</i>. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12644 2014-01-16T14:04:00Z 2014-01-16T16:01:41Z Environmental groups: top secret Pacific trade agreement to sacrifice wildlife, environment Environmental groups have blasted draft text of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) released yesterday by WikiLeaks as potentially devastating to the environment and wildlife. The massive 12-nation free trade agreement has been negotiated in secret now for almost four years, and the information release by WikiLeaks shows that key environmental safeguards in the agreement are being stripped away, including a ban on shark finning and illegal logging, as well as legally-enforced pollution regulations. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12642 2014-01-15T22:30:00Z 2014-01-16T01:27:36Z iPhone app allows Americans to identify backyard birds A new iPhone app enables North Americans to identify bird species by asking just five simple questions. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12637 2014-01-14T19:59:00Z 2014-01-14T20:05:53Z Carbon emissions rise 2 percent in U.S. due to increase in coal Carbon dioxide emissions rose two percent in the U.S. last year, according to preliminary data from the Energy Information Administration. Emissions rose largely due to increased coal consumption, the first such rise in U.S. emissions since 2010. Still, the annual emissions remain well below the peak hit in 2007 when emissions hit 6 billion tons. Jeremy Hance 38.889814 -77.034677 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12595 2014-01-06T11:16:00Z 2014-12-27T05:24:54Z Rewilding Chile's savanna with guanacos could increase biodiversity and livestock <table align="left"><tr><td><img src=" http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1223juanco159.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Local extinctions have occurred across a variety of habitats on every continent, affecting a gamut of species from large predators such as the wolves of North America, to tiny amphibians like the Kihansi spray toad of Tanzania. The long trek toward reversing such extinctions has begun, but it is not without its challenges, both ethical and logistical. Tiffany Roufs -35.966059 -72.283199 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12583 2013-12-30T21:16:00Z 2013-12-30T21:23:49Z Climate change drives Florida mangroves northward A decline in the frequency of extreme cold weather in Florida has allowed coastal mangrove forests to expand northward, finds a study published this week in <i>Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences</i>. Rhett Butler 28.772474 -80.740113 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12514 2013-12-12T19:51:00Z 2013-12-13T14:44:28Z Featured video: U.S. forests decimated for 'green' bio-energy in Europe Wetland forests in the southern U.S. are becoming the victims of a drive for so-called green energy in Europe, according to activist group Dogwood Alliance, which has produced a new video highlighting the issue. The activists contend that bio-energy that depends on chopping down forests not only devastates vital ecosystems, but actually emits more greenhouse gases than traditional fossil fuels. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12498 2013-12-10T15:50:00Z 2015-02-11T23:59:47Z Average American consumes 50,000 pounds of raw materials annually for the stuff they buy <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1210.open_pit_mine_truck.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The average American car weighs about 3,000 pounds. But to produce that vehicle, a lot more raw materials were used than its final weight! Maybe as much as 100 times more, as reported by scientists in a recent paper in the Proceedings of National Academy of Science. For this car to be produced, iron ore is mined in Australia and made into steel. Steel is then shipped to Japan and made into a car, which is then sold in the U.S. Most studies until now, measured national consumption by accounting only for the final weight of the products we purchase. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12493 2013-12-09T14:07:00Z 2013-12-09T14:48:11Z Making cap-and-trade work: the history and future of a proven program <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1209.800px-Gavin_Plant.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>While the merits for slowing climate change will be treated here as a given, the method for doing so looms elusive. In a recent article, I described pricing carbon through carbon taxes and carbon credits as a way to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and slow global climate change. As there has been some emotive controversy towards both of these, I would like to analyze them more deeply, starting here with carbon credits. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12471 2013-12-02T02:37:00Z 2013-12-02T02:53:41Z Hedge fund downgrades stock over company's links to illegal logging in Russian Far East <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1201-lumber-liquidators-stock-price-150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A hedge fund manager has downgraded Lumber Liquidators' stock over the company's alleged links to illegal logging in the Russian Far East, reports The Wall Street Journal. Speaking at the Robin Hood Investors Conference on November 22, Whitney Tilson, the founder of Kase Capital Management, said Lumber Liquidators' stock price may be inflated due to purchases of illegally sourced timber from Russia. Rhett Butler 47.171044 134.532223 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12425 2013-11-21T04:21:00Z 2013-11-22T20:25:16Z Govts pledge $280M to slow deforestation for agriculture <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1120-FOREST-LOSS-SHARE150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The governments of Norway, Britain and the United States pledged $280 million toward a new initiative that aims to reduce emissions associated with forest conversion for agriculture, reports Reuters. The money will come out of previously committed funds for climate change. The initiative, called the BioCarbon Fund Initiative for Sustainable Forest Landscapes and administered by the World Bank, focuses on the 80 percent of deforestation that is driven by agriculture. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12424 2013-11-20T23:16:00Z 2013-11-20T23:26:42Z Gulf of Mexico deep sea may need decades to recover from oil spill <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1120image150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The catastrophic explosion that spewed some five million barrels of oil deep into the Gulf of Mexico in April 2010 will take a heavy toll in the ocean’s lowest layers for years to come. That’s the stark conclusion of seafloor research conducted six months after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The study, published on August 7 in <i>PLoS ONE</i>, examined life in the Gulf’s deepest waters near the blowout, about 1.6 kilometers below the surface. Here, the researchers found that the damages will take decades to reverse. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12393 2013-11-18T17:57:00Z 2013-11-19T19:53:19Z Fracking: the good, the bad and the ugly <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1117.800px-Vitoria_-_fracking_ez.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The last few years have ushered in a new national and global awareness of fracking, the 150-year-old technology for extracting natural gas and oil from rock. Fracking, short for hydraulic fracturing, uses ultra-high-pressure slurries to create hairline fractures throughout solid rock. Oil, and more frequently gas, comes rushing out while sand from the mixture holds the fractures open in this nearly alchemical process. As many readers are aware, there are two very divisive schools of thought on fracking. One side touts it as the future of energy. The other derides fracking as inherently toxic and demands its immediate and permanent cessation. Like so many aspects of life, the truth lies somewhere in between. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12388 2013-11-15T16:23:00Z 2013-11-15T16:26:41Z Coal's future carbon costs may make it more expensive than wind energy <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1115Wind-Farm150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>At first glance, a recent report from the U.S. White House on the social cost of carbon reads like a daunting economics exam. A small chart poses the first question about the price tag policymakers attach to future greenhouse gas emissions: Does each metric ton of carbon that billows into the air cost $11, $33 or $52? The answer is all of the above. Rhett Butler 37.733526 -121.651572 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12378 2013-11-14T19:12:00Z 2014-01-20T20:15:57Z Powered by Google, high resolution forest map reveals massive deforestation worldwide <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1114-umd150.gif" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Researchers today released a long-awaited tool that reveals the extent of forest cover loss and gain on a global scale. Powered by Google's massive computing cloud, the interactive forest map establishes a new baseline for measuring deforestation and forest recovery across all of the world's countries, biomes, and forest types. The map has far-reaching implications for efforts to slow deforestation, which accounts for roughly ten percent of greenhouse gas emissions produced by human activities, according to the authors of the paper that describes the tool and details its first findings. Rhett Butler 37.422032 -122.084039 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12369 2013-11-13T23:52:00Z 2013-11-13T23:54:30Z Wolves boost food for Yellowstone’s threatened grizzlies <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1113Dinnerfor150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Wolves and grizzlies aren’t best buddies. Burly bears can barge in on a feasting pack, making off with the wolves’ fresh kill. Wolves have been known to dig into bear dens and snag a cub. But after gray wolves returned to Yellowstone National Park in 1995, grizzly bears ate more berries in the summer for a pre-hibernation nutritional boost, researchers reported Sept. 4 in the <i>Journal of Animal Ecology</i> Rhett Butler 44.565523 -110.504708 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12374 2013-11-13T18:14:00Z 2013-11-13T18:50:16Z Richest countries spent $74 billion on fossil fuel subsidies in 2011, eclipsing climate finance by seven times In 2011, the top 11 richest carbon emitters spent an estimated $74 billion on fossil fuel subsidies, or seven times the amount spent on fast-track climate financing to developing nations, according to a recent report by the Overseas Development Institute. Worldwide, nations spent over half a trillion dollars on fossil fuel subsidies in 2011 according to the International Energy Agency (IEA). Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12344 2013-11-11T14:59:00Z 2013-11-11T15:59:19Z Bay Area pledges to slash greenhouse gas emissions by 80 percent by 2050 While many of the world's national governments move tepidly (if at all) to combat climate change, cities are showing increasing leadership. The San Francisco Bay Area's Air District Board signed off last week on a measure to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 80 percent within less than 40 years time as based on 1990 levels. The measure follows the same goal as an executive order made by California governor, Arnold Schwarzenegger, in 2005. Jeremy Hance 37.933214 122.392763 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12342 2013-11-08T20:34:00Z 2013-11-10T03:17:34Z Amazon deforestation could cause droughts in California <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1108-amazon-rainfall150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Complete deforestation of the Amazon rainforest could reduce rainfall in the Pacific Northwest by up to 20 percent and snowpack in the Sierra Nevada by up to 50 percent, suggests new research published in the <i>Journal of Climate</i>. The study is based on high resolution computer modeling that stripped the Amazon of its forest cover and assessed the potential impact on wind and precipitation patterns. While the scenario is implausible, it reveals the global nature of the ecological services afforded by the world's largest rainforest. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12293 2013-10-31T15:23:00Z 2013-10-31T15:46:23Z 'Remarkable year': could 2012 mark the beginning of a carbon emissions slowdown? Global carbon dioxide emissions hit another new record of 34.5 billion tons last year, according to a new report by the Netherlands Environment Assessment Agency and the European Commission's Joint Research Centre, but there may be a silver lining. Dubbing 2012 a "remarkable year," the report found that the rate of carbon emission's rise slowed considerably even as economic growth continued upward. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12260 2013-10-28T22:52:00Z 2013-10-29T00:22:18Z America's growing inequality helped scuttle the global climate change initiative <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1011kimbrough150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The link between good economic policy and climate change mitigation is instigated by policies such as the triple-bottom line, carbon limitations, and pro-environmental legislation. However, economic inequality is a little explored piece of the successful fight against climate change. For climate change mitigation and good economic policy to work, economic growth must be broad-based. Indeed, the inability for the United States to make a coherent and progressive stance on climate change has effectively stymied the global initiative&#8212;and is in part due to growing inequality. Due to the nation's market size and political power, U.S. policy is often a decisive factor for many global issues. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12188 2013-10-11T16:28:00Z 2013-10-11T16:36:51Z Sea and storm: coastal habitats offer strongest defense <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1011kimbrough150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Surging storms and rising seas threaten millions of U.S. residents and billions of dollars in property along coastlines. The nation's strongest defense, according to a new study by scientists with the Natural Capital Project at the Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, comes from natural coastal habitats. Tiffany Roufs tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12172 2013-10-07T18:31:00Z 2013-10-07T18:44:08Z Scientists uncover high radioactivity near fracking site in Pennsylvania Scientists have for the first time found dangerous levels of radioactivity and salinity at a shale gas waste disposal site that could contaminate drinking water. If the UK follows in the steps of the US "shale gas revolution", it should impose regulations to stop such radioactive buildup, they said. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12098 2013-09-18T18:51:00Z 2013-09-18T19:04:00Z 4 new species of legless lizards discovered in California Four previously unknown species of legless lizard have been described in California, report researchers from the University of California at Berkeley and Cal State-Fullerton. Rhett Butler 35.139423 -119.742075 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12046 2013-09-10T16:38:00Z 2013-09-10T17:00:29Z U.S. to crush its six ton ivory stockpile On October 8th, the Obama administration will publicly destroy its ivory stockpile, totaling some six tons, according to a White House forum yesterday on the illegal wildlife trade. The destruction of the stockpile&#8212;via crushing&#8212;is meant to send a message that the U.S. is taking a tougher stand on illegal the wildlife trade, which is decimating elephants across Africa and imperiling other animals worldwide. The U.S. remains one of the biggest destinations for ivory and other illegal animal part aside from East Asia. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12028 2013-09-06T16:27:00Z 2013-09-30T16:56:21Z Not just bats and frogs: snake fungal disease hits U.S. <table align="left"><tr><td><img src=" http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0906snake150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A fungal outbreak in the eastern and Midwestern United States is infecting some populations of wild snakes. Snake Fungal Disease (SFD), a fungal dermatitis consistently associated with the fungus Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola, is showing recent spikes in occurrence according to the U.S. Geological Survey's National Wildlife Health Center (NWHC) and other diagnostic laboratories. Tiffany Roufs tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11942 2013-08-20T13:32:00Z 2013-09-15T15:21:26Z In defense of the financial industry: stocking up to end climate change On a cross-country bus trip through the American Midwest, I watch cool morning mist rise from patchwork fields. Between the fields stand groves of dark green mid-summer trees, I am reminded that this scene is in jeopardy. The region is cited for its vulnerability to desertification associated with climate change. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11940 2013-08-19T21:03:00Z 2013-08-19T21:10:53Z Featured video: temperature rises across North America by 2100 A new short video predicts temperature changes across North America depending on the future of greenhouse gas emissions. Produced by NASA, the first series shows average temperatures changes (relative to 1970-1999) based on carbon dioxide levels hitting 550 parts per million (ppm) in the atmosphere by 2100. The second, even more dramatic series, shows changes if levels hit 800 ppm by the end of the century. Earlier this year, carbon dioxide levels hit 400 ppm for the first time in around 5 million years, which is longer than humans have been around. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11920 2013-08-15T20:11:00Z 2015-02-11T23:15:55Z Zoo races to save extreme butterfly from extinction <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0815.Poweshiek-skipperling-front-Runquist-MN-Zoo.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In a large room that used to house aquatic mammals at the Minnesota Zoo, Erik Runquist holds up a vial and says, 'Here are its eggs.' I peer inside and see small specks, pale with a dot of brown at the top; they look like a single grain of cous cous or quinoa. Runquist explains that the brown on the top is the head cap of the larva, a fact that becomes more clear under a microscope when you can see the encased larva squirm. I'm looking at the eggs of a Poweshiek skipperling, a species that is more imperiled than pandas, tigers, or bluewhales. Once superabundant, only several hundred Poweshiek skipperlings may survive on Earth today and the eggs I'm looking at are the only ones in captivity. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11919 2013-08-15T16:29:00Z 2013-08-15T16:39:48Z Fracking sucks up all the water from Texas town Beverly McGuire saw the warning signs before the town well went dry: sand in the toilet bowl, the sputter of air in the tap, a pump working overtime to no effect. But it still did not prepare her for the night last month when she turned on the tap and discovered the tiny town where she had made her home for 35 years was out of water. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11905 2013-08-13T14:47:00Z 2013-08-13T15:06:47Z Two children given lifetime gag order on fracking impacts Two young children in Pennsylvania were banned from talking about fracking for the rest of their lives under a gag order imposed under a settlement reached by their parents with a leading oil and gas company. The sweeping gag order was imposed under a $750,000 settlement between the Hallowich family and Range Resources Corp, a leading oil and gas driller. It provoked outrage on Monday among environmental campaigners and free speech advocates. Jeremy Hance 40.149685 -79.543691 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11878 2013-08-05T12:51:00Z 2013-08-05T22:50:28Z Journey to the Edge of Eden: the struggle to preserve Southwest Florida <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0804.Florida-panther-with-radio-collar-crossing-road-in-Big-Cypress-area.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Gary Schmelz, in a Journey to the Edge of Eden, takes us through a wonderful personal account of the conservation history of Southwest Florida. Journey to the Edge of Eden is one part personal memoir similar to the English naturalist Gerald Durrell and one part Florida conservation history. With hilarious stories of unintended naturalist misadventures and recounting conservation “as it happened,” a Journey to the Edge of Eden is one of those rare books you read in a coffee shop and with gusto and pride while laughing along out loud at Gary Schmelz stories. Jeremy Hance 25.894284 -81.329838