tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:/xml/species_discovery1 species discovery news from mongabay.com 2015-07-02T14:39:18Z tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/15075 2015-07-02T14:37:00Z 2015-07-02T14:39:18Z Happy July 4th weekend: new red, white, and blue species discovered An independent researcher has described a spectacular red, white, and blue crayfish just in time for the fourth of July. The new species, named Cherax pulcher, was first discovered in Japanese pet shops by Christian Lukhaup before he finally tracked down the animal to creeks in remote West Papua, Indonesia. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14886 2015-05-31T11:38:00Z 2015-05-31T11:48:15Z Scientists pick 2014's top 10 new species (photos) A group of taxonomists has released their annual list of the top 10 'new' species. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14857 2015-05-26T23:43:00Z 2015-05-27T16:50:55Z Up to 11 stunningly colorful chameleon species discovered in Madagascar <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay.s3.amazonaws.com/madagascar/150/madagascar_0289.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The panther chameleon, a lizard prized in the pet trade for its remarkable color changing abilities, may actually represent 11 different species, report researchers writing in the journal <i>Molecular Ecology</i>. Analyzing the genetics of more than 300 individual panther chameleons, Swiss and Malagasy researchers make a case that different color morphs of <i>Furcifer pardalis</i> may be distinct species. Rhett Butler -13.404695 48.319352 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14530 2015-03-24T21:11:00Z 2015-03-25T01:04:20Z Photos: expedition to Amazon’s white sands may have found new primate <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/15/0324.thumbnail.photo-8A.by-giussepe-gagliardi-urrutia.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Most people think of the Amazon rainforest as one massive, homogenous ecosystem&#8212;a giant castle of green. However, within the Amazon rainforest lie a myriad of distinct ecosystems, sporting unique characteristics and harboring endemic species. One of the rarer ecosystems in the Amazon is the white sands forest. Jeremy Hance -6.343298 -74.026909 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14395 2015-02-18T22:52:00Z 2015-02-20T16:22:32Z Scientists uncover new seadragon <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/15/rubyseadragon.thumb.16376292497_040e68a10a_z.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>For 150 years, scientists have known of just two so-called seadragons: the leafy seadragon and the weedy seadragon. But a new paper in the Royal Society Open Science has announced the discovery of a third, dubbed the ruby seadragon for its incredible bright-red coloring. Found only off the southern Australian coastline, seadragons belong to the same family as the more familiar seahorses: the Syngnathidae. Jeremy Hance -32.030312 115.702296 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14238 2015-01-08T14:03:00Z 2015-01-08T15:02:54Z New bat species has fangs you won't believe <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/15/0108.Hypsugo-'dolichodon'_portrait_ROM-110807_3.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>What big teeth you have, my dear! The better to eat insects with&#8212;and make one's own ecological niche. Scientists have uncovered a new bat with stupendous canines in the rainforests of Lao PDR and Vietnam, aptly naming it <i>Hypsugo dolichodon</i>, or the long-toothed pipistrelle. Jeremy Hance 14.910053 106.838851 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14179 2014-12-22T17:19:00Z 2014-12-22T18:52:07Z The biggest new species discoveries in 2014 (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/1222topnewsp150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Biologists describe upwards of 15,000 previously undocumented species every year. Some of these species are complete surprises, sometimes representing new genera. Others may be identified after genetic analysis distinguishes them from closely-related species. Some &#8212; especially conspicuous birds and mammals &#8212; are already known to local populations, but hadn't been formally described by scientists. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14178 2014-12-20T02:23:00Z 2014-12-22T20:08:19Z Pictures: the top new animal discoveries of 2014 <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/1220-top-new-species-2014_150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Seemingly every year scientists set a new record with the number of species they describe. 2014 will be no exception. Below are some of the 'new species' highlights from the past year. The list includes species whose descriptions were first published in 2014. Some of the 'discoveries' occurred in years prior. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14139 2014-12-10T19:30:00Z 2015-04-20T15:38:34Z To collect or not to collect? Experts debate the need for specimens <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/800px-Berlin_Naturkundemuseum_tote_Voegel.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In 1912, a group of intrepid explorers led by Rollo and Ida Beck, widely acknowledged to be the foremost marine bird collectors of their time, embarked on a most remarkable effort to catalogue South America's oceanic birds. Museums of the day held opportunistically collected specimens from scattered sources, but rarely did these include ocean-bound birds that spent little time near the coast. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14026 2014-11-16T23:19:00Z 2014-11-16T23:24:16Z New gecko described in Madagascar Researchers have described a previously undocumented species of gecko in Madagascar. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14019 2014-11-13T21:15:00Z 2014-11-18T23:50:43Z New tapir? Scientists dispute biological discovery of the century <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1216.newtapir.SUNP0052.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Nearly a year ago, scientists announced an incredible discovery: a new tapir species from the western Amazon in Brazil and Colombia. The announcement was remarkable for a number of reasons: this was the biggest new land mammal discovered in more than 20 years and was only the fifth tapir known to the world. But within months other researchers expressed doubt over the veracity of the new species. Jeremy Hance -8.602194 -66.198026 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13928 2014-10-21T17:05:00Z 2014-11-06T17:55:34Z Top scientists raise concerns over commercial logging on Woodlark Island <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0428.woodlark.beach.IMG_0163.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A number of the world's top conservation scientists have raised concerns about plans for commercial logging on Woodlark Island, a hugely biodiverse rainforest island off the coast of Papua New Guinea. The scientists, with the Alliance of Leading Environmental Scientists and Thinkers (ALERT), warn that commercial logging on the island could imperil the island's stunning local species and its indigenous people. Jeremy Hance -9.1579 152.779 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13912 2014-10-15T16:28:00Z 2014-10-15T16:36:11Z Scientists find temperate bat in the hot tropics of the Western Ghats (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src=" http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/1002-bats150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The Western Ghats is one of the world’s eight richest biodiversity hotspots. A UNESCO World Heritage site, and also known as the Great Escarpment of India, the Ghats run parallel to India’s west coast. This great ecosystem is home to over 139 mammal species, nearly 50 of which are bats. And now scientists can add a new bat to this list: one that until now had only been documented from temperate regions. Tiffany Roufs 12.937706 75.579230 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13901 2014-10-13T14:17:00Z 2014-12-30T22:30:53Z New species named after the struggle for same-sex marriage Scientists have named new species after celebrities, fictional characters, and even the corporations that threaten a species' very existence, but a new snail may be the first to be named after a global human rights movement: the on-going struggle for same-sex marriage. Scientists have named the new Taiwanese land snail, Aegista diversifamilia, meaning diverse human families. Jeremy Hance 23.769467 120.955184 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13836 2014-09-25T17:01:00Z 2014-12-30T22:32:03Z Scientists uncover six potentially new species in Peru, including bizarre aquatic mammal (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0925.newspecies.Chibchanomys.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A group of Peruvian and Mexican scientists say they have uncovered at least six new species near South America's most famous archaeological site: Machu Picchu. The discoveries include a new mammal, a new lizard, and four new frogs. While the scientists are working on formally describing the species, they have released photos and a few tantalizing details about the new discoveries. Jeremy Hance -13.193858 -72.531615 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13811 2014-09-22T13:36:00Z 2014-09-23T00:10:27Z Extinction island? Plans to log half an island could endanger over 40 species <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/plullulaeopti.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Woodlark Island is a rare place on the planet today. This small island off the coast Papua New Guinea is still covered in rich tropical forest, an ecosystem shared for thousands of years between tribal peoples and a plethora of species, including at least 42 found no-where else. Yet, like many such wildernesses, Woodlark Island is now facing major changes: not the least of them is a plan to log half of the island. Jeremy Hance -9.038617 152.610839 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13734 2014-09-02T17:08:00Z 2014-12-30T22:34:17Z Scientists uncover five new species of 'toupee' monkeys in the Amazon <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0831.saki.ci_39968595.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>While saki monkeys may be characterized by floppy mops of hair that resemble the worst of human toupees, these acrobatic, tree-dwelling primates are essential for dispersing seeds. After long being neglected by both scientists and conservationists, a massive research effort by one intrepid researcher has revealed the full-scale of saki monkey diversity, uncovering five new species. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13726 2014-08-28T19:19:00Z 2014-12-30T22:34:26Z Saving the Atlantic Forest would cost less than 'Titanic' <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0828.atlantic.S._flavius_SP_Zoo.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Want to save the world's most imperiled biodiversity hotspot? You just need a down payment of $198 million. While that may sound like a lot, it's actually less than it cost to make the film, Titanic. A new study published today in Science finds that paying private landowners to protect the Atlantic Forest would cost Brazil just 6.5 percent of what it currently spends ever year on agricultural subsidies. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13710 2014-08-24T17:33:00Z 2014-12-20T01:31:17Z Scientists name new endangered species after the company that will decide its fate <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0824.Quarry-at-Gn.-Kanthan,-Perak---Ong-Poh-Teck.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists have discovered a new snail species near a cement quarry in Malaysia, which as far as they know lives nowhere else in the world. It lives on a limestone hill called Kanthan given as a concession to an international company Lafarge. The cement producer quarries the hill for raw materials. As a result, the scientists have named the species after the company that will decide if it goes extinct. Jeremy Hance 4.599012 101.093388 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13693 2014-08-20T22:55:00Z 2014-12-30T22:35:05Z New skeleton frog from Madagascar is already Critically Endangered <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0820.madfrog2.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Sometimes all it takes is fewer clicks. Scientists have discovered a new species of frog from Madagascar that stuck out because it "clicked" less during calls than similar species. Unfortunately the scientists believe the new species&#8212;dubbed the Ankarafa skeleton frog&#8212;is regulated to a single patch of forest, which, despite protected status, remains hugely threatened. Jeremy Hance 14°22.82'S 47°45.46'E tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13679 2014-08-17T20:14:00Z 2014-08-17T20:29:13Z Google Earth spurs discovery of a 'new' chameleon species <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/i/australia/150/0817Rampholeon-Maspictus-Credit-William-R-Branch150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Google Earth has spurred the discovery of another new species. In this case, the creature is a pygmy chameleon, one of four previously unknown <i>Rhampholeon</i> chameleon species described from the remote ‘sky islands’ in Mozambique. The Mount Mabu pygmy chameleon was discovered after Google Earth images of a tract of forest led Julian Bayliss to launch a scientific expedition to the region. Rhett Butler -16.301687 36.371398 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13602 2014-07-29T20:30:00Z 2014-07-29T20:40:13Z 87 new bird species considered threatened with extinction <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0729.Lilacine-Amazon-(Amazona-lilacina)-Endangered_copyright-Steve-Wilson.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists have added 361 new bird species to the IUCN Red List following a major taxonomic review of non-passerine birds, i.e. non-perching or non-songbirds. Worryingly, 87 of these new birds are threatened with extinction, a percentage nearly double the overall threatened percentage for all birds, which currently sits at 13 percent. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13571 2014-07-22T19:21:00Z 2014-07-29T19:42:17Z Rare bird paradise protected in war-torn Colombian mountain range (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0722.Lachrymose-Mountain-tanager---Rainforest-Trust.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A coalition of conservation groups have established a new protected area in one of Latin America's most neglected ecosystems: the Colombian-side of the Serranía de Perijá mountain range. Following decades of bloody conflict and rampant deforestation, experts say only five percent of rainforest is left on the Colombian side of this embattled mountain range. Jeremy Hance 10.687218 -72.792140 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13485 2014-07-02T18:00:00Z 2014-12-30T22:39:43Z Horror movie bugs: new wasp species builds nest with the bodies of dead ants <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0702.face.bonehousewasps.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>If ants made horror movies this is probably what it would look like: mounds of murdered ants sealed up in a cell. The villain of the piece&#8212;at least from the perspective of the ants&#8212;is a new species of spider wasp, which scientists have aptly dubbed the bone-house wasp (Deuteragenia ossarium) in a paper released today in PLOS ONE. Jeremy Hance 29.425675 118.365562 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13472 2014-06-30T20:30:00Z 2014-12-30T22:40:17Z Super cute, but tiny, elephant-relative discovered in Namibia <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0630.Micus_side_Jack-Dumbacher.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Forget marsupials, the world's strangest group of mammals are actually those in the Afrotheria order. This superorder of mammals contains a motley crew that at first glance seems to have nothing in common: from elephants to rodent-sized sengi. Last week, scientists announced the newest, and arguably cutest, member of Atrotheria: the Etendeka round-eared sengi. Jeremy Hance 20.7281 14.1305 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13416 2014-06-19T18:42:00Z 2014-06-26T17:29:13Z Scientists discover carnivorous water rat in Indonesia, good example of convergent evolution <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0619-water-rat-thumb.png" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Researchers have discovered a new carnivorous water rat on the island of Sulawesi that's so unique it represents an entirely new genus. They believe many more new rodent species await discovery in this relatively undisturbed part of Indonesia, but mining and other types of development may threaten vital habitat before it’s even surveyed. Morgan Erickson-Davis -2.712609 119.355464 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13391 2014-06-16T01:05:00Z 2014-06-16T01:35:25Z Researchers discover new species of wolf snake in Cambodia, name it after an Australian zoo A new species of wolf snake has been discovered in the Cardamom Mountains of southeast Cambodia. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13362 2014-06-09T15:54:00Z 2014-06-09T18:44:52Z New species has its anus behind its head <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0609.2.-An-image-of-the-new-species-showing-the-lack-of-eyes.-This-specimen-had-its-flesh-cleared-and-researchers-stained-the-bones-to-show-the-skeleton.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In the dark caves of southern Indiana in the United States, scientists have discovered a new species of cavefish that are blind, pinkish, and have their anus behind their heads. This peculiar new cavefish is the first to be described in North America in 40 years, and researchers have named it <i>Amblyopsis hoosieri</i> or Hoosier cavefish. Jeremy Hance 38.134448 -86.097954 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13274 2014-05-23T00:26:00Z 2014-05-23T00:30:03Z Emerald-faced reptile discovered in Ecuador Researchers have discovered a colorful lizard species in the cloud forests of northwestern Ecuador. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13265 2014-05-22T06:55:00Z 2014-05-22T12:42:11Z Olinguito, tinkerbell, and a dragon: meet the top 10 new species of 2013 <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0522.Saltuarius_front.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Out of around 18,000 new species described and named last year, scientists have highlighted ten in an effort to raise awareness about the imperiled biodiversity around us. Each species&#8212;from a teddy-bear-like carnivore in the Andes to a microbe that survives clean rooms where spaceships are built&#8212;stands out from the crowd for one reason or another. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13225 2014-05-14T13:04:00Z 2014-12-30T22:46:03Z Scientists uncover new marine mammal genus, represented by single endangered species <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0514.hawaiianmonkseal.sullivan_-(48).150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>This is the story of three seals: the Caribbean, the Hawaiian, and the Mediterranean monk seals. Once numbering in the hundreds of thousands, the Caribbean monk seal was a hugely abundant marine mammal found across the Caribbean, and even recorded by Christopher Columbus during his second voyage, whose men killed several for food. Jeremy Hance 21.725869 -160.086787 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13174 2014-05-05T13:33:00Z 2014-05-05T14:23:01Z The Harry Potter wasp: public votes to name new species after soul-sucking ghouls <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0505.Ampulex-dementor-female_from-paper.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Whether a die-hard Harry Potter fan or not, you probably know what dementors are. They were the guards of Azkaban &#8212;dark hooded evil beings that sucked the soul out of their victims, leaving them alive but 'empty-shelled.' These fictional creatures now share their name with a new species of cockroach wasp, insects that turn cockroaches into zombies. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13152 2014-04-30T13:19:00Z 2014-12-30T22:47:21Z Fish-terrorizing, prehistoric-looking turtle actually three species <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0430.RS10188_Alligator_Snapping_Turtle_Garry_Tucker_USFWS_Wikimedia_CC_BY_FPWCjpg.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>So, you're a fish swimming in a river in Louisiana. Hungry, you see a little worm wiggling out from the river bed. You swoop in for the ambush only to have that little worm turn into the gaping maw of some prehistoric-looking monster out of fishy nightmares. You've been duped: it's too late to escape as the beast's jagged jaws close over you. Meet the alligator snapping turtle...or one of several species. Jeremy Hance 30.385472 -83.171660 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13145 2014-04-28T18:39:00Z 2014-09-25T18:57:30Z Loggers plan to clear 20 percent of tropical island paradise <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0428.woodlark.tree.Forest.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Seven years ago, a palm oil company set its eyes on Woodlark Island&#8212;a small rainforest island nearly 200 miles off the coast of Papua New Guinea&#8212;but was rebuked by the local populace. But locals and conservationists who spoke to mongabay.com at the time felt that wouldn't be the end of it: they were right. Recently, a company, Karridale Limited, has landed machinery on the island. Jeremy Hance -9.145404 152.812027 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13094 2014-04-17T14:00:00Z 2014-04-17T14:15:55Z New relative of the 'penis snake' discovered in Myanmar <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0417.caecilian.myanmar.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists have discovered a new species of limbless amphibians, known as caecilians, in Myanmar. Dubbing the species, the colorful ichthyophis (Ichthyophis multicolor), the researchers describe the new amphibian in a recent paper published in Zootaxa. The world's most famous caecilian is the so-called penis snake (Atretochoana eiselti) which was rediscovered in Brazil in 2011. Jeremy Hance 16.738413 95.217346 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12952 2014-03-19T20:35:00Z 2014-03-19T21:04:28Z Scientist discovers a plethora of new praying mantises (pictures) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0319.mantises.70197.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Despite their pacific name, praying mantises are ferocious top predators with powerful, grasping forelimbs; spiked legs; and mechanistic jaws. In fact, imagine a tiger that can rotate its head 180 degrees or a great white that blends into the waves and you'll have a sense of why praying mantises have developed a reputation. Yet, many praying mantis species remain little known to scientists, according to a new paper in ZooKeys that identifies an astounding 19 new species from the tropical forests of Central and South America. Jeremy Hance -12.970571 -69.553499 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12948 2014-03-18T16:52:00Z 2014-03-18T19:04:08Z Several Amazonian tree frog species discovered, where only two existed before <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0318.amazonfrogs.Image-3.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>We have always been intrigued by the Amazon rainforest with its abundant species richness and untraversed expanses. Despite our extended study of its wildlife, new species such as the olinguito (<i>Bassaricyon neblina</i>), a bear-like carnivore hiding out in the Ecuadorian rainforest, are being identified as recently as last year. In fact, the advent of efficient DNA sequencing and genomic analysis has revolutionized how we think about species diversity. Today, scientists can examine known diversity in a different way, revealing multiple 'cryptic' species that have evaded discovery by being mistakenly classified as a single species based on external appearance alone. Jeremy Hance -12.356977 -71.375915 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12921 2014-03-13T04:45:00Z 2015-02-16T04:47:07Z Photos: Weird aquatic lizard discovered in mountain streams of Peru A 'new' species of lizard has been described from the cloud forests of Peru's Manu National Park, reports SERNANP, the Peruvian National Park Service. Rhett Butler -12.012454 -71.765873 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12783 2014-02-17T19:05:00Z 2014-02-17T19:45:39Z Scientists discover new gecko hanging-on in single forest fragment <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0217.newgecko.srilanka.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists have identified a new species of day gecko that is the largest in its genus (<i>Cnemaspis</i>) to be found in Sri Lanka. To date, it has been observed only within the Rammalakanda Reserve in southern Sri Lanka, an area spanning just 1,700 hectares, raising questions about the viability of this population and hence the species' long-term prospects. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12774 2014-02-14T03:12:00Z 2014-12-30T22:53:51Z Scientists discover new whale species <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0213.800px-Beaked_Whale.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Beaked whales are incredibly elusive and rare, little-known to scientists and the public alike&#8212;although some species are three times the size of an elephant. Extreme divers, beaked whales have been recorded plunging as deep as 1,800 meters (5,900 feet) for over an hour. Few of the over 20 species are well-known by researchers, but now scientists have discovered a new beaked whale to add to the already large, and cryptic, group: the pointed beaked whale (Mesoplodon hotaula). Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12708 2014-01-30T15:35:00Z 2014-01-30T15:51:49Z Scientists discover new eagle ray imperiled by Japanese pest program (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0130.neweagleray.head.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists have described a new species of eagle ray in the northwest Pacific Ocean, which they have named "narutobiei" (Aetobatus narutobiei) after its local name in Japan. While the new species has long been known by scientists, it was clumped together with the longheaded eagle ray (Aetobatus flagellum) for over two hundred years. Splitting the two species has large-scale conservation impacts, according to the paper describing the new species in PLOS ONE. Jeremy Hance 32.62781 130.077667 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12690 2014-01-27T20:22:00Z 2014-12-30T22:55:32Z Amazing discovery in Antarctica: sea anemones found living upside down under ice (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0127.seaanemones.67335.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Sea anemones are supposed to sit on the bottom of the ocean, using their basal disc (or adhesive foot) to rest on a coral reef orsand. So, imagine the surprise of geologists in Antarctica when they discovered a mass of sea anemones hanging upside from the underside of the Ross Ice Shelf like a village of wispy ghosts. The researchers weren't even there to discover new life, but to learn about south pole currents through the Antarctic Geological Drilling (ANDRILL) Program via a remotely-operated undersea robot. Jeremy Hance -81.038617 -179.003913 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12681 2014-01-23T19:28:00Z 2015-01-14T05:29:16Z New dolphin discovered in the Amazon surprises scientists <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0123-Inia_araguaiaensis150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Researchers have discovered a new species of river dolphin from the Amazon. Writing in the journal <i>Plos One</i>, scientists led by Tomas Hrbek of Brazil's Federal University of Amazonas formally describe <i>Inia araguaiaensis</i>, a freshwater dolphin that inhabits the Araguaia River Basin. It is the first true river dolphin discovered since 1918. Rhett Butler -5.244811 -49.269669 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12672 2014-01-21T23:38:00Z 2015-01-13T06:05:03Z One lizard, four species: the collared treerunner <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0121-colombia_0371_150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Now, that’s a horse of a different color. Or, in this case, a lizard of another species--four species. Recent research suggests that the collared treerunner (<i>Plica plica</i>), previously thought of as one widespread species, is actually four distinct species inhabiting diverse geographical areas east of the Andes in northern South America. Rhett Butler -3.557283 -70.818672 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12658 2014-01-19T19:52:00Z 2014-01-20T23:47:01Z Red toad discovered in the upper reaches of the Amazon Scientists have described a previously unknown species of toad in the Peruvian Andes. Rhett Butler -10.404153 -75.310562 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12602 2014-01-07T14:34:00Z 2014-12-30T22:56:37Z Scientists uncover new crocodile in Africa <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0107.slender.croc1.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists working in Africa have uncovered a new crocodile species hiding in plain site, according to a paper published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Looking at the molecular data of the slender-snouted crocodile, the researchers discovered two distinct species: one in West Africa and another in Central Africa. Although mostly lumped together as one species (Mecistops cataphractus) for over a hundred and fifty years, the scientists found that the two species have actually been split for at least seven million years, well before the evolution of hominins. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12540 2013-12-19T15:01:00Z 2014-12-28T19:57:07Z Top 10 HAPPY environmental stories of 2013 <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1101olinguito.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>China begins to tackle pollution, carbon emissions: As China's environmental crisis worsens, the government has begun to unveil a series of new initiatives to curb record pollution and cut greenhouse emissions. The world's largest consumer of coal, China's growth in emissions is finally slowing and some experts believe the nation's emissions could peak within the decade. If China's emissions begin to fall, so too could the world's. Jeremy Hance 39.906576 116.413665 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12528 2013-12-16T22:30:00Z 2015-02-12T00:00:13Z Scientists make one of the biggest animal discoveries of the century: a new tapir <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1216.newtapir.SUNP0052.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In what will likely be considered one of the biggest (literally) zoological discoveries of the Twenty-First Century, scientists today announced they have discovered a new species of tapir in Brazil and Colombia. The new mammal, hidden from science but known to local indigenous tribes, is actually one of the biggest animals on the continent, although it's still the smallest living tapir. Described in the Journal of Mammology, the scientists have named the new tapir Tapirus kabomani after the name for 'tapir' in the local Paumari language: Arabo kabomani. Jeremy Hance -4.609278 -69.810333 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12494 2013-12-09T18:39:00Z 2015-02-11T23:59:38Z New mountain porcupine discovered in Brazil (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1209.Coendou-baturitensis---Foto-Hugo-Fernandes-Ferreira.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In Brazil's Baturite Mountains, scientists have uncovered a new species of prehensile-tailed porcupine, according to a new paper in Revista Nordestina de Biologia. Dubbed, the Baturite porcupine (Coendou baturitensis), the new species was discovered when scientists noticed significant differences between it and its closest relative, the Brazilian porcupine (Coendou prehensilis). The name prehensile-tailed refers to these porcupines long, mobile tail which they use as a fifth limb to adroitly climb trees. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12480 2013-12-04T16:39:00Z 2015-02-11T23:59:02Z Sky islands: exploring East Africa's last frontier <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1204.Taveta-two-horned-chameleon-(Kinyongia-tavetana),-South-Pare-Mts.-Tanzania.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The montane rainforests of East Africa are little-known to the global public. The Amazon and Congo loom much larger in our minds, while the savannas of East Africa remain the iconic ecosystems for the region. However these ancient, biodiverse forests&#8212;sitting on the tops of mountains rising from the African savanna&#8212;are home to some remarkable species, many found only in a single forest. A team of international scientists&#8212;Michele Menegon, Fabio Pupin, and Simon Loader&#8212;have made it their mission to document the little-known reptiles and amphibians in these so-called sky islands, many of which are highly imperiled. Jeremy Hance -12.077428 37.631686 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12461 2013-11-27T16:58:00Z 2015-02-11T23:55:08Z Scientists discover new cat species roaming Brazil <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1126.L-guttulus-08-TGO_med_res2.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>As a family, cats are some of the most well-studied animals on Earth, but that doesn't mean these adept carnivores don't continue to surprise us. Scientists have announced today the stunning discovery of a new species of cat, long-confused with another. Looking at the molecular data of small cats in Brazil, researchers found that the tigrina&#8212;also known as the oncilla in Central America&#8212;is actually two separate species. The new species has been dubbed Leopardus guttulus and is found in the Atlantic Forest of southern Brazil, while the other Leopardus tigrinus is found in the cerrado and Caatinga ecosystems in northeastern Brazil. Jeremy Hance -25.697226 -48.620796 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12312 2013-11-04T19:52:00Z 2013-11-05T19:00:59Z Thought-to-be-extinct 'halloween' frog rediscovered in Costa Rica <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1104-atelopus-varius-150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A breeding population of a critically endangered harlequin toad thought to be extinct in Costa Rica has been discovered in a tract of highland forest in the Central American country, reports a paper published in <i>Amphibia-Reptilia</i>. <i>Atelopus varius</i>, an orange-and-black harlequin toad, was once relatively common from central Costa Rica to western Panama. But beginning in the 1980's the species experienced a rapid population collapse across most of its range. Rhett Butler 8.801449 -83.014439 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12288 2013-10-30T18:04:00Z 2015-02-11T23:46:53Z DNA tests reveal new dolphin species (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1030.3.-New-species_dolphin_image_3-(small).150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>With the help of DNA tests, scientists have declared a new dolphin species that dwells off the coast of northern Australia. The discovery was made after a team of researchers looked at the world's humpback dolphins (in the genus <i>Sousa</i>), which sport telltale humps just behind their dorsal fins. While long-known to science, the new, as-yet-unnamed species was previously lumped with other humpback dolphins in the Indo-Pacific region. Jeremy Hance -11.243062 133.853759 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12271 2013-10-29T13:43:00Z 2015-02-11T23:47:28Z 'Lost' bird rediscovered in New Caledonia along with 16 potentially new species (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1029.ci_17999250_Small.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In early 2011, Conservation International (CI) dubbed the forests of New Caledonia the second-most imperiled in the world after those on mainland Southeast Asia. Today, CI has released the results of a biodiversity survey under the group's Rapid Assessment Program (RAP) to New Caledonia's tallest mountain, Mount Panié. During the survey researchers rediscovered the 'lost' crow honeyeater and possibly sixteen new or recently-described species. Over 20 percent larger than Connecticut, New Caledonia is a French island east of Australia in the Pacific Ocean. Jeremy Hance -20.594625 164.777055 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12259 2013-10-25T23:41:00Z 2014-02-20T19:22:36Z Pictures: 441 new species described in the Amazon rainforest since 2010 Scientists described at least 441 previously unknown species from Amazon rainforest between 2010 and 2013, according a new report from the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). Rhett Butler -2.84429 -71.08326 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12227 2013-10-23T12:53:00Z 2015-02-11T23:47:51Z Scientist splits Amazonian giants into separate species It's hard to mistake an arapaima for anything else: these massive, heavily-armored, air-breathing fish (they have to surface every few minutes) are the megafauna of the Amazon's rivers. But despite their unmistakability, and the fact that they have been hunted by indigenous people for millennia, scientists still know relatively little about arapaima, including just how many species there are. Since the mid-Nineteenth Century, scientists have lumped all arapaima into one species: <i>Arapaima gigas</i>. However, two recent studies in <i>Copeia</i> split the arapaimas into at least five total species&#8212;and more may be coming. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12216 2013-10-20T18:59:00Z 2013-10-21T17:55:21Z Yeti may be undescribed bear species <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1020.800px-Polar_Bear_-_Alaska.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The purported Yeti, an ape-like creature that walks upright and roams the remote Himalayas, may in fact be an ancient polar bear species, according to new DNA research by Bryan Sykes with Oxford University. Sykes subjected two hairs from what locals say belonged to the elusive Yeti only to discover that the genetics matched a polar bear jawbone found in Svalbard, Norway dating from around 120,000 (though as recent as 40,000 years ago). Jeremy Hance 27.965295 90.323181 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12183 2013-10-11T13:06:00Z 2015-02-11T23:44:17Z Scientists discover cocoa frog and 60 other new species in remote Suriname (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1011.cocoa.ci_47564467_Small.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In one of the most untouched and remote rainforests in the world, scientists have discovered some sixty new species, including a chocolate-colored frog and a super-mini dung beetle. The species were uncovered in Southeastern Suriname during a Rapid Assessment Program (RAP); run by Conservation International (CI), RAPS involve sending teams of specialists into little-known ecosystems to record as much biodiversity as they can in a short time. In this case, sixteen researchers from around the world had about three weeks to document the region's biodiversity. Jeremy Hance 2.486249 -55.508637 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12098 2013-09-18T18:51:00Z 2013-09-18T19:04:00Z 4 new species of legless lizards discovered in California Four previously unknown species of legless lizard have been described in California, report researchers from the University of California at Berkeley and Cal State-Fullerton. Rhett Butler 35.139423 -119.742075 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12088 2013-09-18T02:09:00Z 2013-09-18T02:13:44Z 23rd new bird species of 2013 discovered A ground-warbler from the Philippines is the twenty-third species of bird described in 2013. Rhett Butler 17.254925 122.096343 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12053 2013-09-11T14:17:00Z 2013-09-11T14:27:36Z Video: scientists discover new walking shark species in Indonesia A species of shark that uses its fins to 'walk' along the bottom of the ocean floor has been discovered off the coast of Indonesia. The shark, Hemiscyllium halmahera, uses its fins to wiggle along the seabed and forage for small fish and crustaceans, scientists from Conservation International said on Friday. Jeremy Hance 1.054628 128.494262 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12017 2013-09-04T19:30:00Z 2013-09-08T15:43:22Z Featured video: 'this is day one for the olinguito' Last month scientists unveiled a remarkable discovery: a new mammal in the order Carnivora (even though it mostly lives off fruits) in the Andean cloud forests. This was the first new mammal from that order in the Western Hemisphere since the 1970s. The olinguito had long been mistaken for its closest relatives, olingos&#8212;small tree-dwelling mammals that inhabit the lowland rainforests of South and Central America&#8212;however genetic research showed the olinguito had actually been separated by 3-4 million years from its cousins. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11930 2013-08-18T14:52:00Z 2015-02-11T23:16:02Z Meet the BABY olinguito <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0818.Baby-Olinguito-in-La-Mesenia-Reserve-Colombia-Photo-by-Luis-Mazariegos.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Since its announcement on Thursday, the olinguito&#8212;the world's newest mammal&#8212;has taken the world by storm. Hundreds of articles have been written about the new species, while its cuddly appearance has already been made the subject of cartoons. Now, conservationists have released the first photos of a baby olinguito. The new photos come from La Mesenia Conservation Project in Colombia, an Andean cloud forest reserve that is a project area for the NGO SavingSpecies. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11917 2013-08-15T15:32:00Z 2015-02-11T23:15:47Z Scientists discover teddy bear-like mammal hiding out in Andean cloud forests (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/150olinguito.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>While the olinguito looks like a wild, tree-climbing teddy bear with a cat's tail, it's actually the world's newest mammalian carnivore. The remarkable discovery&#8212;the first mammal carnivore uncovered in the Western Hemisphere since the 1970s&#8212;was found in the lush cloud forests of the Andes, a biodiverse region home to a wide-range of species found no-where else. Dubbed the olinguito (<i>Bassaricyon neblina</i>), the new mammal is a member of a little-known, elusive group of mammals&#8212;olingos&#8212;that are related to raccoons, coatis, and kinkajous. However, according to its description in the journal Zookeys, the olinguito is the most distinct member of its group, separated from other olingos by 3-4 million years (or longer than Homo sapiens have walked the Earth). Jeremy Hance 0.006695 -78.679547 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11889 2013-08-06T20:35:00Z 2015-02-11T23:15:02Z Scientists discover new flying mammal in bushmeat market <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0806.newspecies.busmeat.IMG_4558.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The bushmeat markets of Lao PDR (Laos) are filled with racks of wild game harvested both legally and illegally from the surrounding landscapes. While these meat markets certainly provide local protein to patrons, for wildlife biologists they offer something more. These bizarre zoological exhibits are a rich source of information about wildlife populations and wildlife consumption in remote areas. Jeremy Hance 18.359739 104.325256 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11868 2013-08-02T17:54:00Z 2013-08-02T19:09:26Z New bird species discovered in Peruvian cloud forest A new bird species has been discovered in the montane forests of Peru. Rhett Butler -11.313094 -75.303469 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11859 2013-07-30T21:14:00Z 2015-02-11T23:12:56Z Meet Thor's shrew: scientists discover new mammal with a superior spine <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0730.Scutisorex-thori.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In 1917, Joel Asaph Allen examined an innocuous species of shrew from the Congo Basin and made a remarkable discovery: the shrew's spine was unlike any seen before. Interlocking lumbar vertebrae made the species' spine four times strong than any other vertebrate on Earth adjusted for its size. The small mammal had been discovered only seven years before and was dubbed the hero shrew (Scutisorex somereni), after the name give to it by the local Mangbetu people, who had long known of the shrew's remarkable abilities. Jeremy Hance -0.416104 21.605186 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11854 2013-07-30T03:35:00Z 2013-07-30T17:00:41Z Population of newly discovered lemur in Madagascar down to last 50 individuals (photo) Researchers have discovered a new &#8212; and critically endangered &#8212; species of lemur on the island of Madagascar. The primate is formally described in the journal <i>Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution</i>. Rhett Butler -24.868994 46.974578 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11792 2013-07-19T02:19:00Z 2013-07-19T02:23:13Z New poison dart frog discovered in 'Lost World' Scientists have described a new species of poison dart frog after discovering it during a study to determine the impact of tourism on biodiversity in a tract of rainforest known as 'The Lost World' in Guyana. Rhett Butler 4.346411 -58.733768 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11776 2013-07-16T14:36:00Z 2013-07-16T19:40:58Z Naturalist rediscovers the long-lost night parrot <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0716.night-parrot.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>An Australian bushman and naturalist claims to have captured video footage of the night parrot, a bird not seen alive for more than a century. John Young, who describes himself as a wildlife detective, showed the footage and a number of still photos of the bird to a packed room of enthusiasts and media at the Queensland Museum on Wednesday. The desert-dwelling night parrot, Pezoporus occidentalis, has never been photographed and the only evidence of its continued existence has been two dead birds found in 1990 and 2006. Jeremy Hance -26.39187 148.527831 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11758 2013-07-10T17:17:00Z 2013-07-12T03:16:29Z Tiny suckermouth catfish discovered in Brazil Scientists have discovered a new suckermouth catfish in the Rio Paraíba do Sul basin in southeastern Brazil. Rhett Butler -22.764152 -44.598511 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11751 2013-07-08T19:15:00Z 2013-07-09T05:40:51Z New shrew discovered in Vietnam forest Researchers have described a previously unknown species of white toothed shrew in the forests of Vietnam. The study was published July 2 in the open access journal <i>ZooKeys</i>. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11647 2013-06-26T04:03:00Z 2013-07-05T17:06:13Z New bird species discovered in Cambodia's largest city A previously unknown species of bird has been found hiding in plain sight after scientists photographed what was thought to be more abundant species at a construction site on the outskirts of Phnom Penh, Cambodia's capitol and largest city. Subsequent analysis revealed the species to be distinct. Rhett Butler 11.521742 104.921093 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11558 2013-06-12T17:44:00Z 2015-02-11T23:07:13Z Bird extravaganza: scientists discover 15 new species of birds in the Amazon From 2000-2009, scientists described on average seven new bird species worldwide every year. Discovering a new bird is one of the least common of any species group, given that birds are highly visible, mobile, and have been scrutinized for centuries by passionate ornithologists and birders. But descriptions this year already blows away the record year over the last decade (in 2001 when nine new birds were described): scientists working in the southern Amazon have recorded an incredible 15 new species of birds according to the Portuguese publication <i>Capa Aves</i>. In fact, this is the largest group of new birds uncovered in the Brazilian in the Amazon in 140 years. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11545 2013-06-04T18:26:00Z 2013-06-04T19:09:47Z Chewbacca bat, beetle with explosive farts among oddities spotted on Mozambique expedition <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0604Gorongosa_10_150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The 'Chewbaka' bat, a cave-dwelling frog, and a diminutive elephant shrew were among hundreds of species documented during a one-month survey of a park that was ravaged during Mozambique's 17-year civil war. The findings suggest that biodiversity in Gorongosa National Park in Central Mozambique is well on the road towards recovery, opening a new chapter for the 4,000-square-kilometer protected area. Rhett Butler -18.539513 35.304136 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11542 2013-06-03T15:17:00Z 2015-02-09T23:01:37Z Scientists describe over 100 new beetles from New Guinea <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0603.54356_web.weevils.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In a single paper, a team of researchers have succinctly described 101 new species of weevils from New Guinea, more than doubling the known species in the beetle genus, <i>Trigonopterus</i>. Since describing new species is hugely laborious and time-intensive, the researchers turned to a new method of species description known as 'turbo-taxonomy,' which employs a mix of DNA-sequencing and taxonomic expertise to describe species more rapidly. Jeremy Hance -6.8828 145.583495 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11501 2013-05-29T15:50:00Z 2015-02-09T23:01:20Z Two new arachnids discovered in Brazilian caves (photos) Scientists have discovered two new species of short-tailed whipscorpions (in the order Schizomida) in limestone caves in Brazil, according to a new paper published in PLoS ONE. The new species&#8212;dubbed <i>Rowlandius ubajara</i> and <i>Rowlandius potiguara</i>&#8212;add new knowledge to a group of arachnids that is little known in South America outside of the Amazon. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11477 2013-05-23T18:24:00Z 2015-02-09T23:00:48Z Scientists discover two mini-spiders in China (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0523.twominispiders.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists have uncovered two miniature spiders living on mountains in China's southern region, one of which is among the smallest spiders recorded worldwide, according to a new paper in ZooKeys. Both spiders belong to the Mysmenidae family, which is made up of mini-spiders with eight eyes. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11475 2013-05-23T15:18:00Z 2015-02-09T23:00:28Z Three new species of carnivorous snails discovered in endangered habitat in Thailand (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0523.carnivoroussnails.-55266.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists from Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok and the Natural History Museum, London recently discovered three new species of carnivorous snails in northern Thailand. However, the celebration of these discoveries is tainted by the fact that the new snails are already threatened with extinction due to the destruction of their limestone habitat. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11473 2013-05-23T05:43:00Z 2013-05-23T06:05:10Z Pictures: Top 10 new species of 2012 A glow-in-the-dark cockroach, an insect described from a photo posted on Flickr, a monkey that has been likened to Jesus, a carnivorous sea sponge, and the world's tiniest frog are among the 'top 10' species discovered during 2012, according to global committee of taxonomists. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11452 2013-05-19T20:23:00Z 2015-02-09T23:00:03Z New prehistoric animal named after Johnny Depp due to its 'scissorhands' <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0519.Kooteninchela.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Half a billion years after an arthropod with long triple claws roamed the shallow Cambrian seas, scientists have named it after Hollywood movie actor, Johnny Depp: <i>Kooteninchela deppi</i>. Depp, known for his versatility as an actor, played Edward Scissorhands&#8212;an artificial man with long scissors for hands&#8212;in a popular 1990 film. Jeremy Hance 50.750264 -116.00226 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11321 2013-04-30T14:03:00Z 2015-02-09T22:52:44Z Scientists discover new giant mole rat in Africa (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0430.Van-DaeleEtal2013_vandewoestijneae.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Although the term "giant mole rat" may not immediately inspire love, the mole rats of Africa are a fascinating bunch. They spend practically their entire lives underground building elaborate tunnel systems and feeding on plant stems. This underground lifestyle has led them to evolve small ears, tiny eyes, forward-pointing teeth for digging, and nostrils they can shut at will while digging. Some species are quite social, such as the most famous, the naked mole rat (Heterocephalus glaber), while others live largely solitary lives. If that's not enough, the family of mole rats, dubbed Blesmols, may even help us find a cure for cancer. Jeremy Hance -11.245756 24.274864 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11280 2013-04-22T14:13:00Z 2015-02-09T22:49:19Z Two new frog genera discovered in India's Western Ghats, but restricted to threatened swamp-ecosystems <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0422.Tadpole.newfrogs.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The misty mountains of the Western Ghats seem to unravel new secrets the more you explore it. Researchers have discovered two new frog genera, possibly restricted to rare and threatened freshwater swamps in the southern Western Ghats of India. The discoveries, described in the open-access journal Zootaxa, prove once again the importance of the mountain range as a biodiversity hotspot. Jeremy Hance 9.714472 76.947327 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11226 2013-04-15T13:53:00Z 2015-02-09T22:49:59Z New insect discovered in Brazil, only third known in its bizarre family (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0314.forcepfly.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A new species of forcepfly named <i>Austromerope brasiliensis</i>, was recently discovered in Brazil and described in the open access journal Zoo Keys. This is the first discovery of forcepfly in the Neotropics and only the third known worldwide. The forcepfly, often called the earwigfly because the male genital forceps closely resemble the cerci of the common earwig, remains a scientific enigma due to the lack of information on the family. Jeremy Hance -20.35879 -40.667496 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11211 2013-04-11T03:46:00Z 2015-03-05T05:49:33Z New species tree-dwelling porcupine discovered in critically threatened Brazilian habitat Scientists in Brazil have described a new species of tree-dwelling porcupine in the country's most endangered ecosystems. The description is published in last week's issue of <i>Zootaxa</i>. Rhett Butler -9.099385 -37.020493 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11205 2013-04-10T16:03:00Z 2015-02-09T22:50:16Z Beautiful striped bat is the "find of a lifetime" (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0410.NiumbahaSuperbaLarge1.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists have uncovered a rare, brilliantly-striped bat in South Sudan that has yielded new secrets after close study. Working in Bangangai Game Reserve during July of last year, biologist DeeAnn Redeer and conservationist Adrian Garsdie with Fauna & Flora International (FFI) came across an unmissable bat, which has been dubbed by various media outlets as the "badger bat" and the "panda bat." Jeremy Hance 4.718778 31.70288 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11180 2013-04-08T16:53:00Z 2013-04-10T13:43:47Z Looking beyond the hundred legs: finding new centipedes in India requires many tools <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0408.centipedeparts.india.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A small, boneless creature, that lives underground, with a "hundred" legs, and a rather powerful sting; some of these creatures are drab, but some are so beautiful and brightly colored that they can startle. Centipedes. There is more to a centipede than its many legs, and its habit of darting out of dark places. One of the first lifeforms to turn up on land, some centipede fossils date back to about 450 million years ago. They have been evolving steadily since, with some estimates showing about 8,000 species today. Not even half of these species have been taxonomically described. Jeremy Hance 9.860628 76.505127 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11165 2013-04-04T16:33:00Z 2015-02-09T22:45:35Z New giant tarantula that's taken media by storm likely Critically Endangered (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0404.rajahtarantula.DSC_0033.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Described by a number of media outlets as "the size of your face" a new tree-dwelling tarantula discovered in Sri Lanka has awed arachnophiliacs and terrified arachnophobes alike. But the new species, named Raja's tiger spider (<i>Poecilotheria rajaei</i>), is likely Critically Endangered according to the scientist that discovered it in northern Sri Lanka. Jeremy Hance 9.1293 80.447116 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11158 2013-04-03T17:12:00Z 2015-02-09T22:45:15Z Scientists discover new wasp species in a field box from the 1930s (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0403.Paramblynotus.dzangasangha.wasps.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Searching through materials at the Natural History Museum in Paris, Simon van Noort recently came across a long-neglected field box of wasp specimens. Collected 80 years earlier by André Seyrig in Madagascar, the box contained several specimens of wasp in the Paramblynotus genus. The big surprise: wasps in this genus had never before been seen in Madagascar. Jeremy Hance 48.843666 2.356056 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11153 2013-04-03T00:59:00Z 2015-03-05T04:44:10Z Scientists describe new species of see-through fish from the Amazon Scientists have documented an entirely new genus of fish from the Amazon rainforest. Rhett Butler -1.58183 -61.523437 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11128 2013-03-27T22:56:00Z 2015-03-05T04:21:14Z Relative of the 'penis snake' discovered in South America (photos) A new species of caecilian - a worm-like amphibian - has been discovered in French Guiana. Rhett Butler 5.485986 -53.994007 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11127 2013-03-27T22:36:00Z 2015-02-09T22:44:43Z Scientists discover new genus of crustacean In recent journeys to Madagascar, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, the Philippines, and French Polynesia, scientists from the Centre for Advanced Studies of Blanes and the University of Barcelona have discovered not only five new crustaceous species, but also the existence of a new genus in the family. Jeremy Hance -10.055403 61.684569 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11123 2013-03-27T12:23:00Z 2015-03-05T04:22:18Z 2 'giant' yet tiny mouse lemurs identified in Madagascar Scientists have discovered two new species of mouse lemurs in Madagascar, bringing the total number of diminutive primates known to science to 20. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11091 2013-03-21T20:07:00Z 2015-02-09T22:41:34Z Scientists discover two new remarkably-colored lizards in the Peruvian Amazon (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0321.bin.woodlizards.peru.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists have discovered two new species of woodlizards from the Peruvian Amazon. Woodlizards, in the genus Enyalioides, are little-known reptiles with only 10 described species found in South and Central America. Described in a new paper in ZooKeys, both new woodlizards were found in Cordillera Azul National Park, the nations third-largest. Jeremy Hance -7.809728 -75.99386 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11087 2013-03-21T12:05:00Z 2015-02-09T22:41:19Z Scientists discover 8 new frogs in one sanctuary, nearly all Critically Endangered (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0321.o3099-Image-29.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Two surveys in the mountainous forests of Sri Lanka's Peak Wilderness Sanctuary have uncovered eight new species of frogs, according to a massive new paper in the <i>Journal of Threatened Taxa</i>. While every year over a hundred new amphibians are discovered, eight new discoveries in a single park is especially notable. Sri Lanka is an amphibian-lovers paradise with well over 100 described species, most of which are endemic, i.e. found only on the small island country. Unfortunately the country has also seen more frog extinctions than anywhere else, and seven of the eight new species are already thought to be Critically Endangered. Jeremy Hance 6.809491 80.499378 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11063 2013-03-19T16:54:00Z 2015-02-09T22:41:04Z The beautiful amphibian from Hell: scientists discover new crocodile newt in Vietnam (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0318.Ty-ziegleri-adult_1.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Researchers have discovered a new species of Vietnamese salamander that looks like it was birthed from an abyssal volcano. Found tucked away in Tokyo's National Museum of Nature and Science, the scientists described the species in the new edition of <i>Current Herpetology</i>. Coal-black with orange-tinted toes, the new crocodile newt (in the genus Tylototriton) was determined to be a new species when it showed morphological and genetic differences from near relatives. Despite its remarkable appearance, the researchers say these are typical colors for crocodile newts. Jeremy Hance 22.427532 104.812202 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11004 2013-03-07T17:11:00Z 2015-02-09T22:38:19Z Starry frog rediscovered after thought extinct for 160 years (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0307.starryfrog.IMG_3091.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In 1853 Edward Frederick Kelaart, a physician and naturalist, collected a strange frog on the island of Sri Lanka then a British colony known as Ceylon. The specimen was a large shrub frog (about 2 inches or 5.5 centimeters long) with black-outlined white specks on lime-green skin. He dubbed it "starry" after its pale specks, but that was last anyone heard of it. Even the holotype&#8212;the body of the amphibian collected by Kelaart&#8212;went missing. Fast forward nearly 160 years&#8212;two world wars, Sri Lanka's independence, and a man on the moon&#8212;when a recent expedition into Sri Lanka's Peak Wilderness rediscovered a beguiling frog with pinkish specks. Jeremy Hance 6.84701 80.477242 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10944 2013-02-28T19:30:00Z 2013-02-28T19:44:55Z Two new species of mini-salamander discovered in Colombia Biologists have discovered two new species of salamander in Tamá National Natural Park in Colombia. While the discovery should be cause for celebration, the news was dampened by the fact that both species are already infected with the deadly fungal disease, known as Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), which has wiped out amphibian populations worldwide. Both of the new salamanders belong to the genus Bolitoglossa, which are web-footed salamanders found in the tropical Americas. Rhett Butler 7.275973 -72.247467 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10925 2013-02-25T15:35:00Z 2015-02-09T22:37:36Z Warlords, sorcery, and wildlife: an environmental artist ventures into the Congo <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0225.leopard.peet.7741733238_69e961758d_b.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Last year, Roger Peet, an American artist, traveled to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to visit one of the world's most remote and wild forests. Peet spent three months in a region that is largely unknown to the outside world, but where a group of conservationists, headed by Terese and John Hart, are working diligently to create a new national park, known as Lomami. Here, the printmaker met a local warlord, discovered a downed plane, and designed a tomb for a wildlife ranger killed by disease, in addition to seeing some of the region's astounding wildlife. Notably, the burgeoning Lomami National Park is home to the world's newest monkey species, only announced by scientists last September. Jeremy Hance -1.503581 25.100784 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10877 2013-02-13T22:35:00Z 2015-02-09T22:31:19Z Unique song reveals new owl species in Indonesia <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0213.newscopsowl.52671.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Want to find a new species of owl? Just listen. A unique whistling call has led scientists to discover a new owl on the Indonesian island of Lombok, according to a new study in PLoS ONE. Two scientific expeditions, occurring separately but within a few days of each other, both noticed something different about the calls coming from owls on Lombok. Jeremy Hance -8.417187 116.475334