tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:/xml/India1 India news from mongabay.com 2014-07-29T19:41:27Z tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13583 2014-07-24T16:34:00Z 2014-07-29T19:41:27Z Next big idea in forest conservation: Reconnecting faith and forests <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0724.Sacred-forest-grove-in-Kodagu-South-India.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>'In Africa, you can come across Kaya forests of coastal Kenya, customary forests in Uganda, sacred forest groves in Benin, dragon forests in The Gambia or church forests in Ethiopia...You can also come across similar forest patches in South and Southeast Asia including numerous sacred groves in India well-known for their role in conservation of biological diversity,' Dr. Shonil Bhagwat told mongabay.com. Jeremy Hance 12.362197 75.693899 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13542 2014-07-15T18:18:00Z 2014-07-24T02:44:28Z On track to 'go beyond the critical point': Sri Lanka still losing forests at rapid clip <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0715-pf-langur-thumb.jpeg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>During the latter half of Sri Lanka's civl war, between 1990 and 2005, Sri Lanka suffered one of the highest rates of deforestation in the world, losing about 35 percent of its old growth forest and almost 18 percent of its total forest cover. The conflict ended in 2009, and while deforestation has slowed somewhat, Sri Lanka is still losing forest cover at a fast pace. Morgan Erickson-Davis 7.553656 80.579493 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13503 2014-07-08T15:45:00Z 2014-07-08T19:04:33Z An end to India's 'Wild West'? Meghalaya bans coal mining... for now <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0708-meg3-thumb.jpeg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Meghalaya, a state in India’s northeast, has thick forests above ground and valuable minerals below. Uncontrolled mining in the area has cleared forests, degraded rivers, and led to many accidents and deaths as few health and safety standards exist for mine workers. A ban effected earlier this year halted all mining in the state, but is set to be reconsidered at a hearing scheduled for August. Morgan Erickson-Davis 25.698215 91.443553 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13458 2014-06-26T20:07:00Z 2014-06-30T15:55:16Z Next big idea in forest conservation? Playing games to understand what drives deforestation <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0626.garcia.innovations.IMGP0355.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Dr. Claude Garcia plays games, but you won’t find him betting his shirt at the casino. As leader of the Forest Management and Development Research Group at ETH Zürich, Garcia and his team use participatory modeling and role-playing games, merged with more traditional disciplinary sciences such as ecology, economics, and sociology to understand and manage complex landscape change in the tropics. Jeremy Hance 11.830113 75.908619 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13367 2014-06-10T16:55:00Z 2014-06-10T18:11:35Z Despite poaching, Indian rhino population jumps by 27 percent in eight years The world's stronghold for Indian rhinos&#8212;the state of Assam&#8212;has seen its population leap by 27 percent since 2006, despite a worsening epidemic of poaching that has also seen 156 rhinos killed during the same period. According to a new white paper, the population of Indian rhinos in Assam hit 2,544 this year. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13241 2014-05-16T20:26:00Z 2014-05-16T20:40:40Z Dancing frogs: scientists discover 14 new species in India (PHOTOS, VIDEO) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0516-Micrixalusthumb.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists have discovered 14 new species of frogs in the mountainous tropical forests of India’s Western Ghats, all of which are described in a recent study published in the <i>Ceylon Journal of Science</i>. The new species are all from a single genus, and are collectively referred to as “dancing frogs” due to the unusual courtship behavior of the males. Morgan Erickson-Davis 13.478753 75.132736 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13223 2014-05-13T19:20:00Z 2014-05-15T13:58:31Z 'Simmering conflict': the delicate balancing act of protecting India's wilderness <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0513-leafhopper-thumb.jpeg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The Western Ghats of southern India, one of the world’s top biodiversity hotspots, is a 1600-kilometer (1000-mile) mountain chain that runs parallel to the western coast of the Indian subcontinent. It traverses six states and is home to as many as 250 million people. In an interview with mongabay.com, M.D. Madhusudan of the Nature Conservation Foundation discusses the importance and challenges of establishing protected areas in India. Morgan Erickson-Davis 13.307752 75.066818 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13214 2014-05-13T13:21:00Z 2014-05-13T13:33:06Z Scientists release odd-looking, Critically Endangered crocodiles back into the wild (PHOTOS) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0513.gahrial.release.4.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Among the largest and most endangered crocodilians in the world, the gharial is on the verge of extinction today. This harmless fish-eating crocodile has fewer than 200 adult breeding individuals in the wild, their numbers having plummeted rapidly over the past few decades. But among this gloom and doom, conservationists have been working tirelessly to reinstate the wild populations. Jeremy Hance 26.463621 84.602580 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13207 2014-05-12T14:17:00Z 2014-05-12T14:27:50Z India, not China, has the world's worst urban air pollution Breathing in urban India is hard: of the world's top twenty cities with the worst air, 13 of them are found in India, according to a new analysis by the World Health Organization (WHO). Despite the attention recently given to Chinese cities for atrocious air pollution, many of India's cities are actually worse when comparing annual averages of fine airborne particulates. Jeremy Hance 28.617115 77.205427 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13198 2014-05-08T16:57:00Z 2014-05-08T17:02:25Z Elephants in the midst: warning system prevents human-elephant conflicts in India, saves lives <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0508-ele-thumb.JPG" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Indian elephants once freely roamed the rich mid-elevation evergreen forests of the Valparai plateau in the Western Ghats, one of the world’s mega biodiversity regions, but they can’t move the way they used to. Ever-increasing commercial plantations and settlements have become obstacles to the daily and seasonal movements of elephants, creating more chances for often-deadly encounters between humans and elephants. Morgan Erickson-Davis 11.289838 77.176193 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13163 2014-05-01T18:36:00Z 2014-05-02T13:07:00Z A sketch of the yeti: saving the Himalayan brown bear <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0501-bear-ears-thumb.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Overall, the brown bear is one of the most widespread and numerous bear species in the world. However, a subspecies called the Himalayan brown bear is not so fortunate. It occupies higher reaches of the Himalayas in remote, mountainous areas of Pakistan, Nepal, Tibet and India. Its populations are small and isolated, and it is extremely rare in many parts of its range. Morgan Erickson-Davis 34.970485 75.471831 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13151 2014-04-29T20:50:00Z 2014-05-06T04:05:29Z Dangerous work: how one man empowered communities and stopped a coal mine <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0427-agrawalspeaking-thumb.png" align="left"/></td></tr></table>For many years, Ramesh Agrawal has worked to spread awareness of the environmental repercussions of India's coal industry to local residents, empowering them with information and speaking out on their behalf. In 2012, his tireless efforts shut down development of a major coal mine, which would have been the largest in the state of Chhattisgarh. Morgan Erickson-Davis 21.854783 83.372482 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13124 2014-04-23T21:43:00Z 2014-04-24T15:20:29Z Chelonians for dinner: hunting threatens at-risk turtles and tortoises in India <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0423-turtle-thumb.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The extinction risk faced by mammals is often in the limelight. But it may be surprising to learn that next only to primates, chelonians—or turtles and tortoises—are the world’s most imperiled vertebrate group. New research indicates that two such species are being threatened by hunting in the Western Ghats of India. Morgan Erickson-Davis 10.308107 76.931335 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12992 2014-03-27T15:49:00Z 2014-03-30T18:54:23Z Kala: the face of tigers in peril <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0327.kala.Image-4.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In 1864, Walter Campbell was an officer in the British Army, stationed in India when he penned these words in his journal: "Never attack a tiger on foot&#8212;if you can help it. There are cases in which you must do so. Then face him like a Briton, and kill him if you can; for if you fail to kill him, he will certainly kill you." In a stroke of good fortune for the tiger, perceptions in India have changed drastically since Campbell's time. Tiger hunting is now banned and conservationists are usually able to rescue the big cats if they become stranded while navigating increasingly human-occupied areas. But is this enough to save the tiger? Jeremy Hance 21.168602 79.645198 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12982 2014-03-25T19:43:00Z 2014-03-25T20:42:19Z Europe approves vet drug that killed off almost all of Asia's vultures <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0325.cinereous_vulture-01.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>When Europeans first arrived in North America, they exterminated three to five billion passenger pigeons (<i>Ectopistes migratorius</i>) in the short span of a century through a combination of habitat destruction and hunting. In 1914, the last living passenger pigeon perished at the Cincinnati Zoo. Despite the staggering scale of this extinction event, three species of vulture from Southeastern Asia retain the dubious distinction of having had the most rapid population crash of any avian fauna. They might not have begun with numbers as large as the passenger pigeon, but within the space of a single decade, their populations were reduced by 96 to 99 percent. Jeremy Hance 25.365863 78.632792 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12970 2014-03-21T15:09:00Z 2014-03-23T15:51:30Z The power of connections: India to establish Asia's largest protected forest <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0321-karnataka1-morgan-thumb.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>India has stepped up forest conservation efforts in recent years, with a major project underway to establish a large swath of uninterrupted habitat through the designation of additional protected areas and expanding those already under protection. If realized, these areas would converge to become Asia’s largest unbroken forest, encompassing approximately 15,000 square kilometers (5,790 square miles) over three states. Morgan Erickson-Davis 13.509241 75.091853 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12953 2014-03-19T22:00:00Z 2014-03-20T13:54:23Z Indian food giant to source deforestation-free palm oil Orkla, a Nordic conglomerate that owns MTR Foods, one of India's major food companies, has established a zero deforestation policy for the palm oil it sources, reports Greenpeace. Rhett Butler 59.918678 10.684759 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12884 2014-03-06T15:26:00Z 2014-03-06T15:47:26Z Can the millions in urban India live among greenery? <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay.com/images/nancy/thumbnails/P1010088.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Large swathes of wilderness alternating with pockets of urbanization may be a reality in some countries, but in India boundaries are soft. Where a city ends and where a village begins in its outskirts is somewhat fuzzy. Rapidly developing megacities like Bangalore and Pune, localities like Gurgaon outside New Delhi, have been subsuming surrounding villages into their ever-expanding boundaries for the last couple of decades. Tiffany Roufs 12.970726 77.595234 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12823 2014-02-25T15:55:00Z 2014-02-25T16:01:40Z Will tigers march ahead? Scientists find surprising connections between isolated populations in Central India <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0212tiger150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In May 2011, a young male Bengal tiger (<i>Panthera tigris tigris</i>) made its way to a village in the state of Karnataka in India. The tiger had been quite a hiker. To reach the village, it had walked more than 280 kilometers (174 miles) from Bandipur Tiger Reserve, a protected area famous for these elusive big cats. Tiffany Roufs 11.66846 76.63191 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12781 2014-02-17T15:00:00Z 2014-02-17T15:07:37Z Tracking one of the world's last Great Indian Bustards to save the species <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0217.Great-Indian-Bustard.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Bilal Habib is closely tracking the flight of a bird. Six times a day he gets its location, within a few hundred feet, through a GPS monitoring device attached to its body. One of the last members of its species, this Great Indian Bustard is part of the latest effort to save its kind from joining the ranks of other extinct birds like the dodo and the passenger pigeon. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12700 2014-01-29T14:40:00Z 2014-02-19T15:28:02Z Predator appreciation: how saving lions, tigers, and polar bears could rescue ourselves <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0129.Christo_scan_46.150..jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In the new book, In Predatory Light: Lions and Tigers and Polar Bears, authors Elizabeth Marshall Thomas, Sy Montgomery, and John Houston, and photographers Cyril Christo and Marie Wilkinson share with us an impassioned and detailed appeal to appreciate three of the world's biggest predators: lions, tigers, and polar bears. Through lengthy discussions, combining themes from scientific conservation to local community folklore, In Predatory Light takes us step by step deeper into the wild world of these awe-inspiring carnivores and their varied plight as they facedown extinction. Jeremy Hance 78.80198 15.948486 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12694 2014-01-28T13:43:00Z 2014-01-29T13:37:35Z Feral crèches: parenting in wild India <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0128.Picture11_SBear.600.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The Wildlife Conservation Society-India has been camera trapping wild animals for over 20 years in the Western Ghats. The results reveal the most intimate, fascinating and sometimes comical insights into animal behavior and ecology. These mammals generally become secretive and protective during parenting, and therefore we seldom get to see little ones in the wild. But discretely placed camera traps have not only caught glimpses of these adorable wild babies, but also produced wonderful family albums! Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12575 2013-12-26T17:31:00Z 2013-12-26T17:44:54Z Curious bears take 'selfies' with camera traps <table align="left"><tr><td><img src=" http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1218bear159.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>"Selfies" are all the rage this year, and even bears have jumped on the trend. Especially the shaggy-coated, termite-loving sloth bears (<i>Melursus ursinus</i>), who seem particularly fascinated by the cameras that scientists have put up in forests to secretly capture their stealthy moves. Tiffany Roufs 15.326572 75.670166 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12522 2013-12-16T21:17:00Z 2014-02-20T19:15:58Z A bird's eye view of hornbills in northeast India <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1216.4HBs_Shreya.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Hornbills are as peculiar, as they are magnificent. Their calls especially, can sound rather strange to the uninitiated - some grunt, some growl, and some cackle maniacally. These queer birds, with their large brightly-colored curved beaks, and a distinctive cavity-nesting habit, are also totem animals for many tribes in India. Jeremy Hance 27.454389 96.540694 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12484 2013-12-05T13:19:00Z 2013-12-05T13:40:41Z Humans are not apex predators, but meat-eating on the rise worldwide <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1205.maps.meateating.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A new paper in <i>Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences</i> has measured the "trophic level" of human beings for the first time. Falling between 1 and 5.5, trophic levels refer to where species fit on the food chain. Apex predators like tigers and sharks are given a 5.5 on trophic scale since they survive almost entirely on consuming meat, while plants and phytoplankton, which make their own food, are at the bottom of the scale. Humans, according to the new paper, currently fall in the middle: 2.21. However, rising meat-eating in countries like China, India, and Brazil is pushing our trophic level higher with massive environmental impacts. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12477 2013-12-03T20:49:00Z 2013-12-03T20:55:48Z Where have all the dugongs gone? <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1117seacow150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Legend has it that lonely sailors mistook them for beautiful, mythical mermaids. But as it turns out, the muse behind these beguiling sea nymphs was instead the dugong – a rather ungainly, gentle and mini-bus sized marine mammal, cousin to the manatees and part of the sea cow family. However, while they may have once fuelled stories for fairytales and Disney movies, their far-from-glamorous life is currently under serious threat in many parts of the world. Tiffany Roufs tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12435 2013-11-22T17:27:00Z 2013-11-25T15:20:50Z Satellites reveal browning mountain forests <table align="left"><tr><td><img src=" http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay/peru/150/manu_1078.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In a dramatic response to global warming, tropical forests in the high elevation areas of five continents have been "browning" since the 1990s. They have been steadily losing foliage, and showing less photosynthetic activity. Scientists analyzed the forest cover by using satellites to measure sunlight bouncing off the surface of the earth, then determining the different surface types via reflection patterns. Tiffany Roufs tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12418 2013-11-20T17:24:00Z 2013-11-21T14:58:11Z The swan song of India's dancing bears <table align="left"><tr><td><img src=" http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1115bear150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>India’s last dancing bear has retired. As the stars of their cruel little roadshows, sloth bears danced to the piercing sounds of the damru for hundreds of years. Orphaned by poachers and trained by the Qalandars, a nomadic Muslim community, these bears trudged through towns and villages to earn their masters a meager livelihood. Tiffany Roufs 12.971104 77.594833 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12374 2013-11-13T18:14:00Z 2013-11-13T18:50:16Z Richest countries spent $74 billion on fossil fuel subsidies in 2011, eclipsing climate finance by seven times In 2011, the top 11 richest carbon emitters spent an estimated $74 billion on fossil fuel subsidies, or seven times the amount spent on fast-track climate financing to developing nations, according to a recent report by the Overseas Development Institute. Worldwide, nations spent over half a trillion dollars on fossil fuel subsidies in 2011 according to the International Energy Agency (IEA). Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12363 2013-11-12T16:42:00Z 2013-11-12T18:09:26Z Newly discovered beetles construct private homes out of leaf holes and feces <table align="left"><tr><td><img src=" http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1101beetleindia150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists have discovered two new species of leaf beetles in southern India that display a novel way of using leaf holes and their fecal pellets to build shelters – a nesting behavior previously not known among leaf beetles. Discovered in the forests of the Western Ghats in the states of Karnataka and Kerala, the scientists have named these pin-head sized leaf beetles <i>Orthaltica syzygium</i> and <i>Orthaltica terminalia</i>, after the plants they feed on: <i>Syzygium</i> species (e.g., the Java plum) and <i>Terminalia</i> species (e.g., the flowering murdah). Tiffany Roufs 11.016689 76.177368 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12345 2013-11-11T15:59:00Z 2013-11-18T21:06:09Z Bangladesh plans massive coal plant in world's biggest mangrove forest <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1110.Sundarbans_MM7666_150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>On October 22nd Bangladeshi and Indian officials were supposed to hold a ceremony laying the foundation stone for the Rampal power plant, a massive new coal-fired plant that will sit on the edge of the Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest. However, the governments suddenly cancelled the ceremony, instead announcing that the project had already been inaugurated in early October by the countries' heads of state via a less-ornate Skype call. While the governments say the change was made because of busy schedules, activists contend the sudden scuttling of the ceremony was more likely due to rising pressure against the coal plant, including a five-day march in September that attracted thousands. Jeremy Hance 22.648235 89.651756 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12293 2013-10-31T15:23:00Z 2013-10-31T15:46:23Z 'Remarkable year': could 2012 mark the beginning of a carbon emissions slowdown? Global carbon dioxide emissions hit another new record of 34.5 billion tons last year, according to a new report by the Netherlands Environment Assessment Agency and the European Commission's Joint Research Centre, but there may be a silver lining. Dubbing 2012 a "remarkable year," the report found that the rate of carbon emission's rise slowed considerably even as economic growth continued upward. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12282 2013-10-30T15:40:00Z 2013-10-30T16:02:09Z The mystery of the disappearing elephant tusk <table align="left"><tr><td><img src=" http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1021elephants150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Give it a few thousand years, and tusks could completely disappear from the Asian elephant (<i>Elephas maximus</i>). The beautifully smooth, elongated ivory incisors neatly bordering a long trunk are iconic in the public mind. The reigning hypothesis is that tusks evolved to help male elephants fight one another, as demonstrated when males compete over females in estrus. However, a recent study published in the journal <i>Animal Behaviour</i> has shown that tusks may not be key factors in tussles, at least as far as elephants are concerned. Tiffany Roufs 26.577493 93.17114 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12255 2013-10-25T16:50:00Z 2013-10-29T17:54:07Z Photo essay: notes from India's Kabini River <table align="left"><tr><td><img src=" http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1025india150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The Nilgiris, also known as the "Blue mountains," in southern India are an extraordinary mountain range that form one of the most diverse biospheres in the country, the Nilgiri Biosphere. And the Nagarhole National Park, declared a tiger reserve in 1999 is part of this biosphere. The Kabini River flows through the National park and is the lifeline to a wide variety of flora and fauna. This river transforms Nagarhole into a water world of wonder. Tiffany Roufs 11.947975 76.253128 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12216 2013-10-20T18:59:00Z 2013-10-21T17:55:21Z Yeti may be undescribed bear species <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1020.800px-Polar_Bear_-_Alaska.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The purported Yeti, an ape-like creature that walks upright and roams the remote Himalayas, may in fact be an ancient polar bear species, according to new DNA research by Bryan Sykes with Oxford University. Sykes subjected two hairs from what locals say belonged to the elusive Yeti only to discover that the genetics matched a polar bear jawbone found in Svalbard, Norway dating from around 120,000 (though as recent as 40,000 years ago). Jeremy Hance 27.965295 90.323181 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12153 2013-10-01T15:58:00Z 2013-10-07T18:50:34Z Wildlife in Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve suffers from lack of a transition zone <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1001.399px-Nilgiri_Tahr_Adult.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve in southern India acts as a conduit between the biodiversity-rich Western Ghats, a mountain range parallel to the western coast of India and its eastern counterpart, the Eastern Ghats. Established in 1986 by Government of India, the 5,520 square kilometer reserve was recognized by UNESCO in 2000. However a new study in mongabay.com's open-access journal Tropical Conservation Science finds that the lack of a transition zone in the Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve has undercut the aims of this crucial protected area. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12113 2013-09-23T17:34:00Z 2013-10-07T18:53:31Z Featured video: music video honoring wildlife of Karnataka, India <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1007leopard150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Located in the southwestern corner of India, the state of Karnataka is celebrated for its stunning biodiversity. In order to honor the natural beauty of the region, wildlife photographer and filmmaker Amoghavarsha and Bangalore based musician Ricky Kej have teamed up to create a music video highlighting Karnataka's unique species and wild places. Tiffany Roufs 16.36231 75.20874 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12078 2013-09-16T14:01:00Z 2013-09-17T13:32:32Z Photo essay: India's Western Ghats is a haven for endemic amphibians <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0915.Picture-8_Raorchestes-glandulosus_ShashankDalvi_KrithiKaranth_CWS.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The Western Ghats are a globally recognized repository of biological diversity for our planet. We know very little about most species found here, particularly the ecologically sensitive and spectacularly beautiful 179 amphibians. Astonishingly, 87% of all Western Ghats frogs are endemic and found nowhere else on the planet. Our collaborative research project with Drs Paul Robbins and Ashwini Chhatre examining biodiversity in production landscapes of Ghats unearthed some spectacular amphibians in 2013. Jeremy Hance 14.615478 74.70108 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12076 2013-09-13T15:15:00Z 2013-09-13T15:21:57Z India moves rapidly to protect Amur falcons from mass-hunting <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0913amurfalcons150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In October last year, an astounding mass hunting came to light&#8212;an estimated 120,000–140,000 Amur falcons were being hunted and killed in Nagaland, India, every year. A small bird of prey, the Amur falcon (Falco amurensis) records one of the longest migrations among all birds&#8212;a staggering 22,000 km annually. Their journey starts in China and Siberia where they breed and spend their summers. Tiffany Roufs 26.189948 94.569397 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12022 2013-09-05T15:05:00Z 2013-09-05T15:28:04Z Amendments to Indian legislation could pose a threat to wildlife research <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0905india150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In the upcoming session of the Indian Parliament, MPs will debate whether researchers and poachers should be treated in the same manner for a breach of law. A new bill proposes to impose substantial penalties, including imprisonment, when researchers with permission to enter a forest area default in any way. At the same time, a poacher or a person in possession banned wildlife product is let off with a fine. Tiffany Roufs 28.648415 77.224045 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11988 2013-08-29T20:04:00Z 2013-08-29T21:46:15Z Are sea turtles responsible for lower fish catches in India? <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay/maui/150/maui_0840.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Fishing communities on Agatti Island in Lakshwadeep, India, blame their reduced fish catch on green turtles; according to them, green turtles chomp their way through the seagrass beds lining the shallow reef waters that are essential for fish to breed. This leads some in the community to clandestinely kill sea turtles and destroy their nests. Tiffany Roufs 10.87646 72.190933 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11954 2013-08-23T13:29:00Z 2013-08-23T16:25:17Z Overpopulation and grazing imperils nomadic lifestyle and wildlife in Ladakh <table align="left"><tr><td><img src=" http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0822-nomads150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In the unforgivingly cold, arid and harsh high-altitude regions of Central Asia, nomadic herders have survived for several centuries. Guided by a keen understanding of the environment they live in, they move constantly with their livestock, following trails of fresh pastures and ‘settling down’ only briefly. Surrendering their destiny to the whims of nature, these free spirited wanderers seem unshakeable. Tiffany Roufs 34.016242 78.02124 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11923 2013-08-15T20:12:00Z 2013-08-15T20:22:08Z Sahyadris – Mountains of the Monsoon <table align="left"><tr><td><img src=" http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0815appreview150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Stunning images, snippets of video and a compelling narrative come together in a “showcase” app for the iPad. The Sahyadris app is an immersive experience, which taps the full potential of the iPad as a story telling medium. It acts as a “showcase” for the Western Ghats, a mountain range found parallel to the western coast of southern India. Tiffany Roufs 15.114553 74.699706 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11922 2013-08-15T19:43:00Z 2013-08-15T19:47:05Z New Android app helps you identify frogs in the Western Ghats <table align="left"><tr><td><img src=" http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0815frog150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Amphibians hop onto your Android phone in an app that focuses on ease of use. There are many among us who have gone out for a walk in the night, during the rains, and heard frogs chorusing. Or looked upon a small amphibian perched perilously by the wayside, and wondered what it is called. Tiffany Roufs 15.199386 74.787597 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11918 2013-08-15T15:28:00Z 2013-08-18T15:39:19Z Scientists map human-wildlife conflict in India <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0815karanth150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Designating protected areas in a country with 1.27 billion people comes with its own consequences: around each protected area in India lies a zone where wildlife strays out, and people stray in. Inevitably, there is contact, and more often than not, conflict. Human wildlife conflict has been under the lens for a long time. How humans respond to conflict situations varies. Tiffany Roufs 15.284185 74.831542 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11896 2013-08-08T14:53:00Z 2013-08-09T02:03:04Z First of its kind rescue and release for sloth bear in India <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0808slothbear150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>For a young wild sloth bear who found himself amidst a panic-stricken village in India, rescue was fortunately, and surprisingly, close at hand. In a one-of-a-kind heartwarming story, a team from <a href=http://www.wildlifesos.org/>Wildlife SOS</a> (WSOS) India – a conservation and welfare NGO – successfully rescued, treated and subsequently released the sloth bear back into the wild, but this time with a radio collar fitted around its neck. Tiffany Roufs 27.100393 78.599939 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11889 2013-08-06T20:35:00Z 2013-08-06T20:58:02Z Scientists discover new flying mammal in bushmeat market <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0806.newspecies.busmeat.IMG_4558.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The bushmeat markets of Lao PDR (Laos) are filled with racks of wild game harvested both legally and illegally from the surrounding landscapes. While these meat markets certainly provide local protein to patrons, for wildlife biologists they offer something more. These bizarre zoological exhibits are a rich source of information about wildlife populations and wildlife consumption in remote areas. Jeremy Hance 18.359739 104.325256 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11870 2013-08-02T20:33:00Z 2013-08-02T20:39:27Z Jumbo problems for the Indian railways <table align="left"><tr><td><img src=" http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0802elephanttrain150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Running late that morning, the Kanchankanya Express train zipped past Gulma and entered the Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary in northern West Bengal, India. Till a few minutes ago, impatience was writ large on every face. Now with the fog having finally lifted and the green forest cover glistening under the sun, things were finally looking up. But before my co-passengers could sigh with relief, the train came to a screeching halt, right in the middle of the forest. I looked out the door of my compartment. Tiffany Roufs 26.901635 88.512765 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11837 2013-07-25T19:11:00Z 2013-07-25T19:16:55Z Rare and threatened freshwater fish plundered for aquarium trade in India <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0725fish150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Thirty percent of the fish exported from India in the past seven years were from dozens of threatened species including the endangered red-lined torpedo barb (<i>Puntius denisonii</i>) and the miss kerala look alike (<i>Puntius chalakkudiensis</i>) amongst others, according to a recently published paper in Biological Conservation. By documenting the extent and impact of the trade in rare and threatened freshwater fish species in India, scientists have uncovered the local scale of the aquarium pet trade. Tiffany Roufs 15.114553 74.787597 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11834 2013-07-25T14:23:00Z 2013-07-25T14:33:28Z Booming cashmere trade eating up habitat for snow leopards, saiga, and wild yak <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0725.saiga.Berger_055a.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Snow leopards, wild yaks and other iconic wildlife on the world's highest mountains and great steppes are becoming "fashion victims" of the surging global trade in cashmere, new research has revealed. Scientists found wildlife being driven to the margins of survival by the "striking but unintended consequences" of huge increases in the numbers of the goats producing the luxurious lightweight wool. Jeremy Hance 42.55308 88.315428 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11772 2013-07-15T20:13:00Z 2013-07-16T17:04:34Z How tigers are faring in their final frontier <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0715Tiger150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>“Gone are the tiger-filled days when Corbett, as a small boy wandering the jungles of Nepal in the 1880s, peeped over a plum bush that heaved as a tiger walked out on the far side.” Adele Conover, in the Smithsonian magazine. Even as recently as the 1930s, 40,000 tigers roamed the forests of India. By the 1970s, tiger number had plummeted to less than 2,000. Historically, the tiger ranged from the Caspian Sea to the Russian Far North to the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra. Now, they occupy just 7% of this historical range, with India home to over half of the tigers remaining in the wild. And what a world they inhabit. Tiffany Roufs 12.996529 77.600327 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11693 2013-06-30T21:54:00Z 2013-07-03T14:00:11Z Saving the Raja of India's grasslands: new efforts to conserve the Critically Endangered Great Indian Bustard <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0630.gib.photo.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The Great Indian Bustard, one of India's iconic birds, once ranged across most of the Indian subcontinent. Due to a variety of factors, however, the Great Indian Bustard is also now India's rarest bird and faces imminent extinction. The following is an interview with Ramki Sreenivasan, co-founder of Conservation India, a group that recently petitioned the Rajasthan Chief Minister to kick start "Project Bustard." Jeremy Hance 27.352253 76.505127 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11652 2013-06-26T17:05:00Z 2013-06-26T17:25:49Z The rise of India: the complex biological history of a subcontinent <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0626india150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>If you try and draw family trees for animals and plants in India, you will discover something that will take your breath away. Relatives do not occur in the same area; in extreme cases, they can be in other continents. And atop the tallest mountains in the Himalayas, you will find marine fossils. Tiffany Roufs 22.593726 79.086912 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11633 2013-06-24T13:14:00Z 2013-06-24T13:35:22Z Over 16,000 wild mammals and birds sold in Nagaland market, India, annually <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0624wildlifetrade150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A comprehensive survey of the wildlife sold in the markets of Tuensang has resulted in a stunning record of the wildlife trade in the state of Nagaland in northeast India, as reported in a new study published in mongabay.com's open-access journal Tropical Conservation Science. Once a week, researchers with the Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History and the Near Chang Baptist group entered the Tuensang market and carried out intensive surveys and interviews of vendors selling wild birds or mammals. Jeremy Hance 26.238305 94.8137 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11632 2013-06-24T12:22:00Z 2013-06-24T13:31:36Z Local people provide wildlife and forest data in park plagued by conflict <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0624tiger150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>There are often many obstacles for scientists when gauging wildlife decline and forest loss, and one of the most difficult is civil conflict, like the situation in the Similipal Tiger Reserve in India. But a new study in mongabay.com's open access journal Tropical Conservation Science (TCS) finds that local communities may be used to gauge forest loss and wildlife decline for baseline data when conflicts or other obstacle prevent long-term research and monitoring. Jeremy Hance 21.631899 86.379089 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11606 2013-06-13T18:31:00Z 2013-07-03T15:30:59Z Fertility in Africa could push world population over 11 billion The global population could grow by another 4 billion people by the end of the century if fertility rates in Africa don't decline, according to a new report by the United Nations. Currently around 1.1 billion people live on the continent, but that number could skyrocket to 4.2 billion (a 380 percent increase) by 2100, causing global population to hit 11 billion. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11547 2013-06-04T20:39:00Z 2013-07-25T19:56:42Z Loris champion: conserving the world's most surprising primate family <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0603.Capture-and-collaring-low-145.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Before Anna Nekaris began championing the cause of the world's lorises, little was known about this cryptic family of large-eyed, nocturnal, insect-eating, venomous primates. Nekaris, with Oxford Brookes University and founder of the Little Fireface project, has been instrumental in documenting rarely-seen loris behavior, establishing conservation programs, and identifying new species of these hugely-imperiled Asian primates. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11505 2013-05-30T15:18:00Z 2013-06-04T05:20:26Z Connecting kids through elephants: innovative zoo program links children in the UK and India <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0530.20100720_BabyE_first-day-out-with-girls25.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>You may think children in urban, northern UK have little in common with those in rural Assam, India, but educational connections are possible you just have to know where to look. In this case, an innovative education initiative at Chester Zoo has employed its five ton stars&#8212;the Asian elephants&#8212;to teach British children about life in faraway India. Jeremy Hance 53.226533 -2.88887 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11472 2013-05-23T02:42:00Z 2013-09-25T12:03:15Z India’s hornbill conservator is awarded the ‘Green Oscar’ <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/052213indiahornbills150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The Whitley Awards is a prestigious international prize awarded annually to individuals working in nature conservation at a grassroots level. They were first awarded in 1994 and over the past two decades, the Whitley fund for nature has given almost £10 million to conservation and recognised 160 conservation leaders in more than 70 countries. Tiffany Roufs 28.362402 94.755249 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11468 2013-05-22T19:54:00Z 2013-05-24T17:18:51Z The Lions of India <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/052213indialion150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>It is not a well-known fact that India plays home to a population of lions as usually lions are associated with the African savannah and not the scrub forests of the subcontinent. The Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica) is a sub-species which can only be found in a single location in the wild - the Gir forest in Gujarat, India. Although genetically distinct from the African lion, the difference is not large. Tiffany Roufs 22.461802 71.178589 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11386 2013-05-07T16:36:00Z 2013-05-07T16:43:57Z Health effects of toxic waste sites in developing countries could rival malaria, air pollution, new study shows <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay/peru/150/peru_aerial_0166.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Exposure to dangerous chemicals from toxic waste sites may be creating a public health crisis in developing countries comparable to that caused by malaria or even air pollution, a new study suggests, highlighting the urgent need to clean up toxic waste. In a study published on Saturday in <i>Environmental Health Perspectives</i>, researchers calculated the number of 'healthy years of life lost' due to ill-health, disability or early death in individuals at risk of exposure to chemicals at 373 toxic waste sites in India, the Philippines and Indonesia. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11320 2013-04-30T02:21:00Z 2013-04-30T17:16:05Z The shady business of online wildlife trade <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/042613gecko150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The internet is certainly the cornerstone of modern technology and a boon for so much innovation. However, along with all its advantages, there are some serious drawbacks and one of the latest is online smuggling of wildlife. The Indian Express <a href=http://www.indianexpress.com/news/online-smuggling-has-wildlife-bureau-hiring-cyber-detectives/1105886//>recently reported</a> that India's wildlife police have discovered illegal websites selling live endangered animals, parts and rare plants. Tiffany Roufs 25.571963 91.898249 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11319 2013-04-30T01:59:00Z 2013-04-30T02:09:36Z Rivers or grave yards? The woes of the Indian gharial and Gangetic dolphin in the Yamuna River <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/042613Gavialis150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Rivers in India, especially the Ganga, Yamuna and Brahmaputra all carry a potent spiritual significance. Not only are these water way responsible for sustenance, they are also believed to be living goddesses blessing the land with their bounties. Immersing one’s ashes in the Ganga is said to free you from the karmic cycle of rebirth. Tiffany Roufs 28.943265 77.203274 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11280 2013-04-22T14:13:00Z 2013-04-23T11:18:16Z Two new frog genera discovered in India's Western Ghats, but restricted to threatened swamp-ecosystems <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0422.Tadpole.newfrogs.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The misty mountains of the Western Ghats seem to unravel new secrets the more you explore it. Researchers have discovered two new frog genera, possibly restricted to rare and threatened freshwater swamps in the southern Western Ghats of India. The discoveries, described in the open-access journal Zootaxa, prove once again the importance of the mountain range as a biodiversity hotspot. Jeremy Hance 9.714472 76.947327 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11228 2013-04-15T14:55:00Z 2013-04-16T21:35:42Z Breaking the mold: Divya Karnad takes on fisheries and science journalism in India <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0414.interview.india.DK_Field.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Fishing is not a woman's domain in most countries across the globe. In parts of India there are fishing communities who believe that having a woman onboard a fishing boat brings bad luck. Despite this, Divya Karnad, a scientist who studies marine life in India, has spent several years studying fisheries and their impact on species like sharks and sea turtles. Her work forms a part of global efforts to track declining marine species and encourage more sustainable fishing. Jeremy Hance 13.071423 77.580218 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11197 2013-04-09T15:52:00Z 2013-04-09T16:03:39Z Air pollution killed 7 million people in 2010 Seven million people died from air pollution in 2010, according to new data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010, published in the medical journal Lancet. The research found that indoor air pollution killed 3.5 million people in 2010, outdoor air pollution 3.3 million, and ground level ozone pollution 200,000 people. Jeremy Hance 39.929748 116.344986 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11196 2013-04-09T15:37:00Z 2013-04-14T18:55:16Z Using drones to monitor wildlife in India <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/040913indiablogrhino150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Drones have been getting a bad rap lately and for good reason. However in the state of Assam, these commonly used weapons of warfare are being used to monitor the rhinoceros population. The Kaziranga National Park in Assam has deployed aerial drones to monitor poaching activity within the park’s boundaries to protect the endangered one-horned rhino population. Tiffany Roufs 26.600385 93.466694 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11180 2013-04-08T16:53:00Z 2013-04-10T13:43:47Z Looking beyond the hundred legs: finding new centipedes in India requires many tools <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0408.centipedeparts.india.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A small, boneless creature, that lives underground, with a "hundred" legs, and a rather powerful sting; some of these creatures are drab, but some are so beautiful and brightly colored that they can startle. Centipedes. There is more to a centipede than its many legs, and its habit of darting out of dark places. One of the first lifeforms to turn up on land, some centipede fossils date back to about 450 million years ago. They have been evolving steadily since, with some estimates showing about 8,000 species today. Not even half of these species have been taxonomically described. Jeremy Hance 9.860628 76.505127 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11160 2013-04-03T17:17:00Z 2013-04-06T22:46:02Z Where the flamingos fly: Mumbai, apparently! <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0402indiablogflamingo150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>When you think of flamingos you think of the great flamingo migration, a sea of pink in Tanzania, or maybe even a funny cartoon with these dancing, lanky creatures but the last thing you would think of is Mumbai. Strangely, this modern chaotic city provides a temporary home to these lovely coral-colored birds. They visit the mudflats of Mumbai every year in the winter (January – May) and provide a treat to casual bird-watchers, ornithologists and regular citizens alike. The Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) also organizes a flamingo watching festival during this period to encourage people to observe these birds. Tiffany Roufs 19.101053 72.962837 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11159 2013-04-03T17:11:00Z 2013-04-06T22:47:13Z Human-wildlife conflict on the rise in India <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0405eleback.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Recently, the news has been rife with reports of human-wildlife conflict over various parts of India. Most of these reports originate from forest areas surrounding the Western Ghats in the south and also the state of Maharashtra as well as the north-western areas of the country. While there are many reasons for human-wildife conflict, here it is mostly because of new developments encroaching on forest lands and animal territories. Alongside humans, elephants and leopards are the most common animals victims to this conflict in India. Tiffany Roufs 20.200346 75.714111 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11152 2013-04-02T18:40:00Z 2013-04-02T20:19:18Z Where do the birds fly? – Migrant Watch, a ‘citizen science’ data collection organization tells you <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0402indiablogcuckoo150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>India is a hot spot for migratory birds and there are many species that visit the country in various times of the year. Amateur bird-watchers have taken it upon themselves to track migratory birds and they act as informal census keepers. According to the Tehelka blog, vagaries in the pattern of bird migration were brought to attention by amateur bird-watchers. Tiffany Roufs 12.289688 76.558857 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11133 2013-03-28T18:24:00Z 2013-04-04T17:23:33Z Harnessing religious teachings about stewardship to protect the planet - an interview with Sikh activist Bandana Kaur <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0328Bandana-Kaur150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Many religious groups have taken on the role of environmental custodians, citing scriptures that urge living in harmony with plants and animals. Representatives of nine world religions pledged in 2009 to develop environmental programs. The Sikh religion’s contribution to that effort is called EcoSikh. With a global community 30 million strong, Sikhism is the world’s fifth largest religion. Sikhs trace their roots to Punjab. In the 1960s and 1970s, the Green Revolution — research and technology breakthroughs that dramatically increased agricultural yields worldwide — turned Punjab into “the breadbasket of India.” In the past 20 years, though, the intensive farming has eroded Punjab’s soil and water. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11054 2013-03-18T15:09:00Z 2013-03-18T15:34:21Z Scientists successfully reintroduce gaur in Indian park Gaur (<i>Bos gaurus gaurus</i>) is one of the large wild ungulates of Asian jungles. It is the tallest living ox, and one of the four heaviest land mammals (elephant, rhino and wild buffalo are the other three), weighing up to 940 kilograms (2,070 pounds) and standing between 1.6 and 1.9 meters (5.2 to 6.2 feet) at the shoulder. Gaur were once distributed throughout the forested tracts of India and South Nepal, east to Vietnam and south to Malaya. Today, however, they are confined to just over a hundred existing, and 27 proposed, Protected Areas in India. Jeremy Hance 23.722841 81.02317 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11035 2013-03-13T19:06:00Z 2013-03-13T19:42:01Z Burning coal may be killing over 100,000 people in India every year <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0313.coalhealthindia.70804_120952.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>India's dependence on coal-fired power plants for energy may be leading directly to the deaths of 80,000 to 115,000 of its citizens every year, according to the first ever report on the health impacts of coal in the country. The report, commissioned by the Conservation Action Trust and Greenpeace-India, deals only with the direct health impact of coal and not climate change. But even ignoring the rising pain of global warming, the bleak report outlines that coal consumption in India is causing over 20 million asthma attacks, nearly a million emergency room visits, and killing some 10,000 children under five annually. Jeremy Hance 28.589345 77.205505 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11031 2013-03-12T15:38:00Z 2013-03-13T15:32:50Z Photographers threatening the already-abused slender loris <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0312.Captured-Slender-Loris-Image-taken-as-per-the-local-inputs.-(c)-Arun-Kanagavel.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Caught in a beam of torchlight, the eyes of the slender loris reflect back a striking glow. In an effort to better understand these shy, nocturnal primates, a team of researchers set out to the Western Ghats of India. The resulting paper: <i>Moolah, Misfortune or Spinsterhood? The Plight of the Slender Loris (Loris lydekkerianus) in Southern India</i> was published in the <i>Journal of Threatened Taxa</i> in January of 2013. Forest walks and interviews with the Kani people, who live in close proximity to the lorises, supported evidence of a surprising new threat to the lorises: photographers. Jeremy Hance 12.972442 75.541077 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/8833 2013-02-28T18:00:00Z 2013-02-28T19:02:13Z Selective logging changes character of tropical forest Selective logging is usually considered less harmful than other forestry practices, such as clear cutting, but a new study in mongabay.com's open access journal Tropical Conservation Science has found that even selective logging has a major impact on tropical forests lasting decades. Comparing trees in two previously logged sites and two unlogged sites in northeast India, researchers found less tree diversity in selectively logged forests with trees dispersed by birds proved especially hard-hit. Jeremy Hance 27.09642 92.815933 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10866 2013-02-13T15:50:00Z 2013-02-24T00:11:52Z Chasing down 'quest species': new book travels the world in search of rarity in nature <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0213.javanrhino.HI_36558.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In his new book, The Kingdom of Rarities, Eric Dinerstein chases after rare animals around the world, from the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) in Brazil to the golden langur (Trachypithecus geei) in Bhutan to Kirtland's warbler (<i>Setophaga kirtlandii</i>) in the forests of Michigan. Throughout his journeys, he tackles the concept of rarity in nature head-on. Contrary to popular belief, rarity is actually the norm in the wildlife world. Jeremy Hance 27.228989 90.402374 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10860 2013-02-12T17:55:00Z 2013-02-12T18:26:57Z Tigers gobble up 49 percent of India's wildlife conservation funds, more imperiled species get nothing Nearly half of India's wildlife budget goes to one species: the tiger, reports a recent article in Live Mint. India has devoted around $63 million to wildlife conservation for 2013-2013, of which Project Tiger receives $31 million. The Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is currently listed as Endangered by the IUCN Red List; however India is also home to 132 species currently considered Critically Endangered, the highest rating before extinction. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10847 2013-02-07T18:39:00Z 2013-02-24T00:22:29Z Investors beware: global land grabbing ends in 'financial damage' and human rights violations <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0207.palmoil.liberia.image.php.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Investing in companies that flout local community rights in developing countries often leads to severe economic losses, according to a new report from the Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI). A rising trend in "land grabbing" from Africa to South America by corporations and even foreign governments results in social instability, which can lead to large-scale protests, violence, and even murder, delaying and sometimes derailing projects. Such instability poses massive risk to any investor, not to mention supporting corporate entities that are accused of ignoring human rights. Jeremy Hance 27.176469 98.481445 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10780 2013-01-29T22:27:00Z 2013-02-13T16:42:15Z Claim of human and tiger 'coexistence' lacks perspective <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0129.Tiger-by-Kalyan-Varma.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Nepal's Chitwan National Park was the site of a study, published in September 2012 by Carter and others, which concluded that, tigers coexist with humans at fine spatial scales. This paper has ignited a scientific debate regarding its implications for large carnivore conservation worldwide, with scientists at institutions worldwide questioning the validity of claims of coexistence. At the foundation of this debate, perhaps, is the unresolved question, "what is coexistence?" Jeremy Hance 27.487373 84.480591 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10729 2013-01-21T18:49:00Z 2013-01-22T16:30:43Z Living beside a tiger reserve: scientists study compensation for human-wildlife conflict in India <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0121_Kalyan_Varma_D111619.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>During an average year, 87% of households surrounding Kanha Tiger Reserve in Central India report experiencing some kind of conflict with wild animals, according to a new paper in the open-access journal PLOS One. Co-existence with protected, free-roaming wildlife can be a challenge when living at the edge of a tiger reserve. "Local residents most often directly bear the costs of living alongside wildlife and may have limited ability to cope with losses" wrote the authors of the new paper. Jeremy Hance 22.311967 80.569496 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10636 2013-01-03T18:21:00Z 2013-02-05T15:01:56Z An avalanche of decline: snow leopard populations are plummeting The trading of big cat pelts is nothing new, but recent demand for snow leopard pelts and taxidermy mounts has added a new commodity to the illegal trade in wildlife products, according to the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA). Traditionally, the market for large cat products has centered around tiger bones and parts for traditional Chinese medicine. Snow leopards (Uncia uncia), however, are a novel trend in the illegal wildlife trade arena and skins and taxidermy mounts are the most recent fad in luxury home décor. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10627 2012-12-31T22:31:00Z 2012-12-31T23:10:57Z The year in rainforests <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay.s3.amazonaws.com/sabah/150/sabah_aerial_1802.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>2012 was another year of mixed news for the world's tropical forests. This is a look at some of the most significant tropical rainforest-related news stories for 2012. There were many other important stories in 2012 and some were undoubtedly overlooked in this review. If you feel there's something we missed, please feel free to highlight it in the comments section. Also please note that this post focuses only on tropical forests. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10585 2012-12-17T21:20:00Z 2012-12-19T06:18:48Z From catastrophic to the sustainable: the flight of the Amur Falcon <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/12/1217-01-perched-amur-falcon150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>It is said that the price of 'freedom and justice' is constant vigilance. It seems the same can be said of conservation and sustainability in our ever changing world. In a story and allegory appropriate for many of the challenges that face our global environment, two Indian conservation champions, Shashank Dalvi and Ramki Sreenivasan (both protégés and associates of famed conservation leader, Dr Ullas Karanth of the WCS India), have stepped to work with a host of international and local interests to help save one species of beleaguered bird, the Amur Falcon of Eurasia. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10546 2012-12-10T14:34:00Z 2013-02-05T15:10:36Z A new method to monitor stray dog abundance Free-roaming dogs (Canis familiaris) can fill a variety of ecological roles including competitor, predator, prey, and transmitter of disease to both wildlife and people with particular concern for rabies. A range of methods has been used to control dog populations, but monitoring dogs is a critical part of assessing the effectiveness of these methods. Jeremy Hance 19.07964 72.867393 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10545 2012-12-09T20:23:00Z 2012-12-09T20:32:08Z Climate Summit in Doha characterized by lack of ambition <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/12/Grand_Junction_Trip_92007_098.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Ahead of the 18th United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Doha, Qatar a variety of reports warned that the world was running out of time to avoid dangerous climate change, and that there was a widening gap between what nations have pledged to do and what the science demanded. A landmark report by the World Bank painted an almost apocalyptic picture of a world in which global temperatures have risen 4 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, including unprecedented heatwaves and droughts, rising sea levels, global agriculture crises, and a stunning loss of species. In addition, scientific studies released near the two week conference found that sea levels were rising 60 percent faster than predicted, forests around the world were imperiled by increasing drought, marine snails were dissolving in the Southern Ocean due to ocean acidification, and ice melt in Greenland and Antarctica was on the rise. Jeremy Hance 25.280092 51.534948 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10500 2012-12-03T17:02:00Z 2012-12-03T17:15:20Z 'No-one is listening to the entire scientific community': global carbon emissions set to hit new high <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/12/Grand_Junction_Trip_92007_098.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from industrial sources are set to hit a new record high this year according to a new analysis by Global Carbon Project. The analysis in Nature Climate Changes predicts that CO2 emissions will rise another 2.6 percent, hitting 35.6 billion tonnes. The scientists warn that such steep climbs in global emissions year-after-year means that the door is rapidly closing on a global agreement to keep temperatures from rising 2 degree Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels. Jeremy Hance 25.280092 51.534948 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10457 2012-11-27T19:15:00Z 2012-11-27T19:29:16Z Photos: Chinese leopard wins camera trap contest <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/12/Horned-guan_Javier-Rivas.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The third annual BBC Wildlife Magazine Camera Trap Photo of the Year contest has produced some stunning and surprising images, including a snow leopard sticking its tongue out, a rare giant pangolin, and wrestling monitor lizards. But the winner this year was the perfect shot of a young leopard in China. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10448 2012-11-26T13:28:00Z 2012-11-26T13:38:51Z China and India plan 818 new coal plants Even as the clamor to reduce greenhouse gas emissions reaches a new high&#8212;echoed recently by such staid institutions as the World Bank and the International Energy Agency (IEA)&#8212;a new analysis by the World Resources Institute (WRI) finds that 818 new coal-fired plants are under proposal in China and India. In all 1,199 new coal-fired plants are currently planned worldwide, according to the report, totaling 1.4 million megawatts of energy. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10428 2012-11-18T11:44:00Z 2012-11-18T21:13:52Z Indian coal giant targets forests The world’s largest coal producer, the state-run Coal India Ltd., plans to massively expand mining in forest areas to help meeting surging demand for electricity, reports <i>The Wall Street Journal</i>. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10377 2012-11-12T15:51:00Z 2013-02-05T15:09:44Z Gaining from rain: precipitation is an indicator of tropical forest biodiversity Policymakers seeking to conserve forests in southern India should focus on those receiving the highest levels of rainfall, according to new research. Scientists from the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) found rainfall to be the most important environmental determinant of species richness in the Anamalai region of the southern Western Ghats. Jeremy Hance 10.299846 77.000093 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10323 2012-10-31T13:24:00Z 2013-02-05T15:18:02Z Leopard poaching is a bigger problem in India than previously believed <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/12/Leopard-head_c_TRAFFIC-web.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A recent study conducted by wildlife trade monitoring group TRAFFIC uncovered unnerving statistics about the illegal trade of leopards (Panthera pardus) in India: at least four leopards have been poached every week for the past decade in the country. The study, entitled Illuminating the Blind Spot: A study on illegal trade in Leopard parts in India, highlights the severity of leopard poaching from 2001 to 2010, despite preventative measures established in 1972 by the Wildlife Protection Act (WLPA) that prohibit the sale of leopard parts in India. Jeremy Hance 28.634555 77.213173 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10289 2012-10-22T16:22:00Z 2012-10-22T16:41:52Z Wealthy nations, excluding U.S., pledge to double funds for biodiversity Although negotiations came down to the wire, nations finally brokered a new deal at the 11th meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Hyderabad, India; at its heart is a pledge to double resources from wealthier countries to the developing world by 2015 to conserve embattled species and ecosystems. While no numbers were put on the table, observers say a doubling of current resources would mean around $10-12 billion a year. However, this amount is still far short of what scientists and conservation groups say is necessary to stem current extinctions. Jeremy Hance 17.384716 78.494453 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10279 2012-10-18T18:45:00Z 2012-10-18T19:06:10Z India pledges over $60 million for biodiversity, but experts say much more needed The Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh, pledged around $50 million (Rs. 264 crore) for domestic biodiversity protection, reports the Hindu. The pledge came this week at the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) meeting in Hyderabad, India. The CBD has set bold goals on stemming the rate of extinction worldwide, but these have suffered from a lack of funding. India also said it had set aside another $10 million (Rs. 50 crore) for biodiversity projects abroad. Still, such funds are far below what scientists say is necessary to stem ongoing extinctions. Jeremy Hance 17.384716 78.494453 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10249 2012-10-09T13:47:00Z 2012-12-02T22:43:43Z Appreciating elephant individuality: a new approach to preventing conflicts with humans <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/12/FF-Herd-involved-in-conflict.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>To prevent conflicts between humans and elephants in developed areas, a new study shows there is much to learn from analyzing Asian elephant behavior at the individual level as opposed to population studies. Researchers have traditionally interpreted elephant behavior at the population level, looking for behavior patterns among elephants of similar ages, group sizes, and genders. Today, field researchers in India are studying elephant behavior at the individual level. Their goal is to appreciate the idiosyncrasies of individual elephants in the hopes of predicting their behavior. Nishant Srinivasaiah, of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research and lead author of the study, told mongabay.com that it is vital "to get to know our elephants more intimately than ever before and, more importantly, to shift our focus from a population to include its individuals as well." Jeremy Hance 12.773634 77.565336 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10211 2012-09-27T13:07:00Z 2012-09-27T13:27:48Z Livelihoods depend on the environment in the Western Ghats In the Uttar Kannada district of the Western Ghats, the livelihood of the average individual depends largely on the well being of the environment. Six months ago, before large-scale mangrove planting of the area, if someone were to walk through the banks of the mangroves in the Western Ghats he would see many fishermen casting their long nets and wires, time and time again noticing pieces of trash such as plastic grocery bags tangled in the nets. Jeremy Hance 14.705822 74.747772 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10111 2012-09-07T19:13:00Z 2012-09-07T19:44:31Z Tiny new frog discovered in India bypasses the free-swimming tadpole stage A tiny new frog species has been discovered in the rainforests of India's Western Ghats. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10037 2012-08-20T16:09:00Z 2012-08-26T19:00:11Z Recommendations to save India's Western Ghats creates political stir <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://photos.mongabay.com/j/400px-Lion-tailed_macaque_canine.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A massive expert panel report on the conservation of the Western Ghats has caused a political stir in India. The report, headed by noted ecologist Madhav Gadgil, recommends that the government phase out mining projects, cancel damaging hydroelectric projects, and move toward organic agriculture in ecologically-sensitive sections of the Ghats. The report, which was leaked after the government refused to release it, has yet to be implemented. Recently dubbed a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Western Ghats is one of India's largest wildernesses and home to thousands of species, many found no-where else. Jeremy Hance 14.785505 74.551391 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/9951 2012-08-01T20:26:00Z 2012-08-16T13:46:09Z Tigers vs. coal in India: when big energy meets vanishing cats <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://photos.mongabay.com/j/800px-182619562_00d6f703b6_b.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Burning coal fuels climate change, causes acid rain, and spreads toxic pollutants into the environment, but now a new Greenpeace report warns that coal may also imperil the world's biggest feline: the tiger. Home to world's largest population of tigers&#8212;in this case the Bengal subspecies (Panthera tigris tigris)&#8212;India is also the world's third largest coal producer. The country's rapacious pursuit of coal&#8212;it has nearly doubled production since 2007&#8212;has pushed the industry into tiger territory, threatening to destroy forests and fragment the tiger's already threatened population. Jeremy Hance 23.85821 82.270889 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/9869 2012-07-19T20:11:00Z 2012-07-19T22:39:58Z China's per capita emissions nearly as high as Europe's The average person in China emitted 7.2 tons of carbon last year, according to new figures from BL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency and the European commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC). This means that the average Chinese citizen is now very close to the average European, who emits 7.5 tons, in terms of annual emissions. Having been named the world's largest emitter of greenhouse gases in 2009&#8212;usurping the U.S. from its long-held position&#8212;China continues to lead the pack with emissions that rose 9 percent in 2011. Jeremy Hance