tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:/xml/carnivores1 carnivores news from mongabay.com 2015-06-29T18:40:38Z tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/15050 2015-06-29T18:39:00Z 2015-06-29T18:40:38Z Lions return to Rwanda After 15 years, the roar of lions will once again be heard in Rwanda. Today the NGO, African Parks, will begin moving seven lions from South Africa to Rwanda's Akagera National Park. It was here that Rwanda's last lions were poisoned by cattle herders after the Rwandan genocide left the park wholly unmanaged. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/15019 2015-06-23T14:50:00Z 2015-06-23T15:03:34Z Cat update: lion and African golden cat down, Iberian lynx up A new update of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has categorized the West African population of lions&#8212;which is considered genetically distinct and separate from East and Central African lions&#8212;as Critically Endangered. Based largely on a paper in 2014, the researchers estimate that there are only 121-375 mature lions in West Africa today. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14965 2015-06-15T22:11:00Z 2015-06-15T22:14:02Z Asiatic lion population rises by 27% in five years A new survey last month put the number of wild Asiatic lions (Panthera leo persica) at 523 individuals, a rise of 27% from the previous survey in 2010. Once roaming across much of Central and Western Asia, Asiatic lions today are found in only one place: Gir Forest National Park and surrounding environs in western India. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14931 2015-06-09T15:53:00Z 2015-06-09T15:54:00Z Happy tigers: Siberian population continues to grow <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/15/0609.THUMB.Julie-Larsen-Maher_4358_Amur-Tiger-in-Snow_TM_BZ_01-06-15.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The Siberian tiger population continues to rebound, according to the latest numbers from the subspecies' stronghold in Russia. Ten years ago, conservationists estimated 423-502 Amur tigers in Siberia. But last month, the Russian government and WWF said numbers had risen to 480-540 tigers, including an estimated 100 cubs. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14905 2015-06-04T15:00:00Z 2015-06-04T15:14:47Z Tigers expanding? Conservationists discover big cats in Thai park <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/15/0604.tiger.wefcom.THUMB.(c)-ZSL_3.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>For the first time conservationists have confirmed Indochinese tigers in Thailand's Chaloem Ratanakosin National Park. In January, camera traps used by the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) and Thailand's Department of National Parks took a photo of a tigress, confirming what had only been rumors. A couple months later the camera traps photographed a male tiger in the same park. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14889 2015-06-01T19:56:00Z 2015-06-01T19:58:09Z Zambia lifts hunting ban on big cats Nine months after Zambia lifted its general trophy hunting ban&#8212;including on elephants&#8212;the country has now lifted its ban on hunting African lions and leopards. The Zambia Wildlife Authority (ZAWA) lifted the ban after surveying its big cat populations and setting new regulations. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14613 2015-04-09T18:57:00Z 2015-04-09T18:58:37Z Australia becomes first country to ban lion trophies Last month, Australia became the world's first country to ban the import or export of lion trophies, often taken from so-called canned hunting where lions are raised solely to be shot by foreign hunters. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14499 2015-03-16T16:14:00Z 2015-03-16T16:44:50Z King of the jungle returns to Gabon after nearly 20 year absence There's a new cat in town. For the first time since 1996, conservationists have proof of a lion roaming the wilds of the Central African country of Gabon. The lion&#8212;a healthy-looking, young male&#8212;was caught on camera trap in Batéké Plateau National Park, a 20,200 hectare expanse of grasslands and gallery forests. Jeremy Hance -2.158285 14.007680 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14474 2015-03-10T21:44:00Z 2015-03-12T13:53:05Z Tiger family photo surprises scientists <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/15/0310.amur-tiger-family.thumb.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In a frigid Russian forest, a camera trap snapped 21 family photos over two minutes. This wasn't a usual family, though, this was a tiger family, more specifically an Amur tiger family. And this wasn't even a usual tiger family: the cameras showed a dad leading the way. Jeremy Hance 44.229676 133.948678 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14445 2015-03-02T15:32:00Z 2015-03-05T14:52:15Z Giant panda population rises by nearly 17 percent <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/i/animals/150/animals_05361.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>One of the most iconic animals on the planet got good news this week. The world's giant panda population has risen by 268 individuals over the last decade, hitting a total of 1,864 animals, according to China's fourth decadal survey. This represents a total rise of 16.8 percent. Jeremy Hance 30.737124 104.142824 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14434 2015-02-26T18:26:00Z 2015-02-26T18:32:45Z Photos: Amur leopard population hits at least 65 <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/15/0226.thumb.Ma_r_28_cam2a-small.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Most of the world's big predators are in decline, but there are some happy stories out there. This week, WWF announced that the Amur leopard population has grown to a total of 65-69 cats. This represents a more than doubling of the population in eight years. Still, the Critically Endangered subspecies remains perilously close to extinction. Jeremy Hance 43.989510 133.453888 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14373 2015-02-12T15:54:00Z 2015-02-13T18:54:45Z Feds confirm first wolf in the Grand Canyon area shot dead Last fall, tourists to the north rim of the Grand Canyon reported seeing a gray wolf. The only problem was there had been no wolves in the area for over 70 years. Still, it turned out the animal in question was not a coyote or stray dog, but, indeed a female gray wolf known as "914F". She had migrated hundreds of miles from the northern Rockies. Unfortunately, this was near the end of her story. Jeremy Hance 36.814626 -112.178670 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14339 2015-02-03T20:03:00Z 2015-02-20T15:12:01Z Super-rare carnivore photographed in Yosemite after missing for nearly a century <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/15/0203.thumb.Sierra_Nevada_red_fox_in_Yosemite_2014-12-13.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>For years, biologists believed the Sierra Nevada fox was down to a single population of around 20 animals in California's Lassen Volcanic National Park. But then in 2010, biologists found a small population near Sonora Pass. Now, more good news: last week, scientists documented the first Sierra Nevada fox in Yosemite National Park in nearly 100 years. Jeremy Hance 37.978532 -119.856589 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14316 2015-01-28T15:21:00Z 2015-01-30T16:16:41Z Adorbs: scientists capture first photos of African golden cat kittens <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/15/0127.Caracal-aurata-kittens-3.thumb.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The African golden cat is arguably the continent's least known feline, inhabiting dense tropical forests, almost never seen, and, of course, long-upstaged by Africa's famous felines. But a few intrepid scientists are beginning to uncover the long-unknown lives of these wild cats. Researchers working in Uganda's Kibale National Park have captured remarkable photos of African golden cats...with kittens. Jeremy Hance 0.451968 30.489145 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14304 2015-01-26T15:17:00Z 2015-01-30T16:17:07Z Video: camera trap catches jaguar hunting peccaries Catching a jaguar on a remote camera trap in the Amazon is a rare, happy sight. But catching a jaguar attempting to ambush a herd of peccaries is quite simply astonishing. Jeremy Hance -3.228753 -73.187293 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14283 2015-01-20T18:33:00Z 2015-01-22T20:51:48Z India's tiger population up by more than 500 animals in four years The tiger is in major trouble. In 1900, the global population was over 100,000 animals; today, it is on the precipice of extinction, hovering around just 3,000. In response, tiger range countries have pledged to double to the population by 2022. But there has been little evidence of success until now: India has announced that its tiger population has jumped a remarkable 29 percent in the last four years. Jeremy Hance 18.643618 78.028492 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14267 2015-01-15T22:32:00Z 2015-01-16T18:33:46Z Ocean's 15: meet the species that have vanished forever from our seas <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/15/0115.Steller's-sea-cow-Labeled-Peter-Schouten.600.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In the last 500 years, the oceans have suffered far fewer extinctions than on land&#8212;at least that we know of. According to a recent study in Science, 15 animals are known to have vanished forever from the oceans while terrestrial ecosystems have seen 514 extinctions. The researchers, however, warn that the number of marine extinctions could rise rapidly as the oceans are industrialized. Jeremy Hance 34.889942 -154.673320 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14218 2015-01-06T15:37:00Z 2015-01-06T18:11:01Z Judge protects Midwest wolves after 1,599 killed in three years Future wolf hunting and trapping seasons in the Upper Midwest are on hold after a judge ruled the Obama Administration erred in removing the top predator from the Endangered Species Act. The ruling came nearly three years after the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service dropped federal protections for the Great Lakes' wolf population. Since then hunters and trappers have killed 1,599 wolves. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14170 2014-12-18T15:53:00Z 2015-02-20T15:14:47Z Ocelots live in super densities on Barro Colorado Island By comparing camera trapping findings with genetic samples taken from feces, biologists have determined that the density of ocelots on Barro Colorado Island in Panama is the highest yet recorded. There are over three ocelots per every two square kilometers (0.77 square miles) on the island. Jeremy Hance 9.160347 -79.851205 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14167 2014-12-17T21:56:00Z 2014-12-22T19:04:26Z When predators attack, plants grow fewer thorns <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/1217_150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Crisp lines of light begin to play out across the landscape. As the morning light grows, blades of grass take shape and, amongst rocky outcrops, green acacia breaks the yellow and gold of the savannah. Stirring in this early morning atmosphere is the African impala, an ungulate that typically grazes at dusk and dawn. Tiffany Roufs 1.330315 37.534791 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14100 2014-12-02T21:35:00Z 2015-02-20T15:16:52Z Rhino, cheetah win the world's top camera trap photo contest <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/1202.Burrard-Lucas_black,P20rhino_North,P20Luangwa,P20National,P20Park,P20Zambia_800.jpg.pagespeed.ic.eEwJhz9xR9.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Two big&#8212;and endangered&#8212;mammals took 2014's top prizes in the world's biggest camera trap photo contest: a black rhino and a Asiatic cheetah. The gorgeous shot of a black rhino at night in Zambia photo won the overall photo competition, while the image of a super-rare Asiatic cheetah in Iran took the top research prize. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13976 2014-11-04T13:46:00Z 2015-02-12T16:14:31Z Feds: gray wolf may have returned to the Grand Canyon after 70 years Over 70 years since the last gray wolf was killed in Grand Canyon National Park, the top predator may be back. Tourists have reported numerous sightings&#8212;and taken photos&#8212;of a wolf-like animal roaming federal forest land just north of the park. Agents with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service now intend to capture the animal to determine if it is indeed a wolf or perhaps a wolf-dog hybrid. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13971 2014-11-03T15:05:00Z 2014-11-03T15:33:13Z Russia and China blamed for blocking Antarctic marine reserve <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/1102.Dmawsoni_Head_shot.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Another year, another failed attempt to protect a significant chunk of the Ross Sea, which sits off the coast of Antarctica. According to observers, efforts to create the world's biggest marine protected area to date were shot down by Russia and China during a meeting in Hobart, Tasmania of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR). Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13946 2014-10-27T15:32:00Z 2014-10-27T15:55:29Z Photos: slumbering lions win top photo prize <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/1027.nhm.fennec.nhm.fennec.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The king of beasts took this year's top prize in the Wildlife Photographer of the Year competition, which is co-owned by the Natural History Museum (London) and the BBC. The photo, of female lions and their cubs resting on a rock face in the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania, was taken by Michael 'Nick' Nichols, a photographer with National Geographic. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13927 2014-10-21T14:47:00Z 2014-12-30T22:30:02Z Saving Asia's other endangered cats (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/LC_Ronglarp_HKK.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>It's no secret that when it comes to the wild cats of Asia&#8212;and, really, cats in general&#8212;tigers get all the press. In fact, tigers&#8212;down to an estimated 3,200 individuals&#8212;arguably dominate conservation across Asia. But as magnificent, grand, and endangered as the tigers are, there are a number of other felines in the region that are much less studied&#8212;and may be just as imperiled. Jeremy Hance 5.395824 117.268519 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13906 2014-10-14T15:06:00Z 2014-10-15T00:54:51Z 'River wolves' recover in Peruvian park, but still remain threatened inside and out (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/1014.L183_Capitulo2.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Lobo de río, or river wolf, is the very evocative Spanish name for one of the Amazon's most spectacular mammals: the giant river otter. This highly intelligent, deeply social, and simply charming freshwater predator almost vanished entirely due to a relentless fur trade in the 20th Century. But decades after the trade in giant river otter pelts was outlawed, the species is making a comeback. Jeremy Hance -11.890522 -71.402772 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13887 2014-10-08T14:49:00Z 2015-04-20T15:40:02Z The only solution for polar bears: 'stop the rise in CO2 and other greenhouse gases' <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/1008.Steveand2Cubs.100.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Steven Amstrup, Chief Scientist for Polar Bears International, has worked diligently on polar bears for over 30 years. He radio-collared some of the first bears and discovered that annual activity areas for 75 tracked females averaged at a stunning 149,000 square kilometers. His recent work highlighted the cost of global warming to these incredible animals and the sea ice they so closely depend on. Jeremy Hance 72.875466 -132.455211 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13859 2014-10-02T13:55:00Z 2014-12-30T22:30:56Z What makes the jaguar the ultimate survivor? New books highlights mega-predator's remarkable past and precarious future <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/1002.thumbnail.9781597269964.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>For thousands of years the jaguar was a God, then it was vermin to be destroyed, and today it is the inspiration for arguably the most ambitious conservation effort on the planet. A new book by renowned big cat conservationist, Alan Rabinowitz, tells this remarkable story from the jaguar's evolutionary origins in Asia to its re-emergence today as a cultural and ecological symbol. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13788 2014-09-16T21:18:00Z 2014-12-30T22:32:49Z Malayan tiger population plunges to just 250-340 individuals <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/animals_01912.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Malaysia is on the edge of losing its tigers, and the world is one step nearer to losing another tiger subspecies: the Malayan tiger. Camera trap surveys from 2010-2013 have estimated that only 250-340 Malayan tigers remain, potentially a halving of the previous estimate of 500 individuals. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13771 2014-09-11T16:35:00Z 2015-04-20T15:40:25Z Meet the newest enemy to India's wildlife <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0911.leopard.road.Image-1-.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A boom in infrastructure and population has forced India's wildlife to eke out a creative existence in an increasingly human-modified environment. Big cats such as the leopard are often spotted within large cities, on railway tracks, and sadly, on India's burgeoning and sprawling road network. Jeremy Hance 11.945419 76.221074 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13658 2014-08-13T12:22:00Z 2014-12-30T22:35:41Z Forgotten species: the exotic squirrel with a super tail <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0813.Central-Kalimantan,-Erik-Meijaard.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>With among the world's largest tails compared to body-size, the tufted ground squirrel just might be the most exotic squirrel species on the planet. Found only on the island of Borneo, this threatened species is also surrounded by wild tales, including the tenacity to take down a deer for dinner. New research explores the squirrel's monster tail and whether other tales about it may be true. Jeremy Hance 1.187729 114.549402 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13655 2014-08-12T20:35:00Z 2014-08-12T20:42:11Z Demand for shark fin plunging <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0812.WildAid-Hilton4.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Shark fin demand has dropped precipitously in China in just a few years, according to a new report by WildAid. Shark fin traders in Guangzhou&#8212;the current informal capital of the shark fin trade&#8212;say their sales have fallen by 82 percent in just two years, according to WildAid. Jeremy Hance 23.121809 113.325348 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13614 2014-07-31T12:53:00Z 2014-12-29T21:41:17Z Seeking justice for Corazón: jaguar killings test the conservation movement in Mexico <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0731.0731.2009-06-June-27---Corazon---Los-Pavos.ac.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Eight years ago, a female jaguar cub was caught on film by a motion-triggered camera trap set in the foothills of canyons, oak forest, and scrubland that make-up the Northern Jaguar Reserve, just 125 miles south of the U.S.-Mexico border. Three years later, in 2009, the jaguar reappeared on film as an adult. They called her 'Corazón' for the distinctive heart-shaped spot on her left shoulder. Jeremy Hance 29.056000 -109.231003 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13590 2014-07-28T13:17:00Z 2014-12-30T22:37:36Z Short-eared dog? Uncovering the secrets of one of the Amazon's most mysterious mammals <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0727.2010.-Los-Amigos.-Oso-at-age-4-.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Fifteen years ago, scientists knew next to nothing about one of the Amazon's most mysterious residents: the short-eared dog. Although the species was first described in 1883 and is considered the sole representative of the Atelocynus genus, biologists spent over a century largely in the dark about an animal that seemed almost a myth. Jeremy Hance -11.888234 -71.407557 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13555 2014-07-17T13:12:00Z 2014-07-17T13:29:45Z Scientists can now accurately count polar bears...from space Polar bears are big animals. As the world's largest land predators, a single male can weigh over a staggering 700 kilograms (about 1,500 pounds). But as impressive as they are, it's difficult to imagine counting polar bears from space. Still, this is exactly what scientists have done according to a new paper in the open-access journal PLOS ONE. Jeremy Hance 69.108688 -78.727886 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13516 2014-07-09T17:26:00Z 2014-11-25T22:22:36Z Cats' best friend? A new role for guard dogs in South Africa <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0709-dogfam-thumb.png" align="left"/></td></tr></table>While there has been a surge of recovery and reintroduction programs to combat predator decline, human population growth and limited protected areas have led to increased rates of human-wildlife conflicts in many regions of the world. A study published recently tested the ability of trained guarding dogs to protect livestock in South Africa and found it to be highly effective, protecting humans and predators alike. Morgan Erickson-Davis -31.401423 21.651473 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13512 2014-07-09T12:59:00Z 2015-05-07T14:20:34Z Stuff of fairy tales: stepping into Europe's last old-growth forest <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0709.bison-bialowieza-forest-photo-by-lukasz-mazurek-wildpoland-com-07.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>There is almost nothing left of Europe's famed forests, those that provided for human communities for millennia and gave life to the world's most famous fairytales. But straddling the border between Poland and Belarus, the Bialowieza Forest is Europe's last lowland old-growth forest, parts of which have never been cut by man. Jeremy Hance 52.776516 23.876829 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13415 2014-06-19T17:07:00Z 2014-12-30T22:42:53Z Chinese fishermen get the ultimate phone video: a swimming tiger Two Chinese fishermen got the catch of their lives...on mobile phone this week. While fishing in the Ussuri River, which acts as a border between Russia and China, the fishermen were approached by a swimming Siberian tiger. These tigers, also known as Amur tigers, are down to around 350-500 animals. Jeremy Hance 46.941552 134.076563 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13399 2014-06-17T18:18:00Z 2014-12-30T22:42:43Z Camera trap captures first ever video of rarely-seen bird in the Amazon...and much more <table align="left"><tr><td><img src=" http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/1107.Mosquera--Nocturnal-curassow.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A camera trap program in Ecuador's embattled Yasuni National Program has struck gold, taking what researchers believe is the first ever film of a wild nocturnal curassow (Nothocrax urumutum). In addition, the program has captured video of other rarely-seen animals, including the short-eared dog and the giant armadillo. Jeremy Hance -0.637516 -76.148906 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13250 2014-05-19T17:34:00Z 2014-12-30T22:44:41Z Camera trap catches rare feline attempting to tackle armored prey (VIDEO) One of the world's least known wild cats may have taken on more than it could handle in a recent video released by the Gashaka Biodiversity Project from Nigeria's biggest national park, Gashaka Gumti. Jeremy Hance 7.541676 11.606435 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13214 2014-05-13T13:21:00Z 2014-05-13T13:33:06Z Scientists release odd-looking, Critically Endangered crocodiles back into the wild (PHOTOS) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0513.gahrial.release.4.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Among the largest and most endangered crocodilians in the world, the gharial is on the verge of extinction today. This harmless fish-eating crocodile has fewer than 200 adult breeding individuals in the wild, their numbers having plummeted rapidly over the past few decades. But among this gloom and doom, conservationists have been working tirelessly to reinstate the wild populations. Jeremy Hance 26.463621 84.602580 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13206 2014-05-12T13:15:00Z 2014-05-12T14:16:28Z After 89-year absence a wolf returns to Iowa...and is shot dead DNA testing has confirmed that an animal shot in February in Iowa's Buchanan County was in fact a wolf, according to the Iowa Department of Natural Resources. This is the first confirmed gray wolf (Canis lupus) in the U.S. state since 1925. Jeremy Hance 42.488864 -91.948882 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12992 2014-03-27T15:49:00Z 2014-03-30T18:54:23Z Kala: the face of tigers in peril <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0327.kala.Image-4.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In 1864, Walter Campbell was an officer in the British Army, stationed in India when he penned these words in his journal: "Never attack a tiger on foot&#8212;if you can help it. There are cases in which you must do so. Then face him like a Briton, and kill him if you can; for if you fail to kill him, he will certainly kill you." In a stroke of good fortune for the tiger, perceptions in India have changed drastically since Campbell's time. Tiger hunting is now banned and conservationists are usually able to rescue the big cats if they become stranded while navigating increasingly human-occupied areas. But is this enough to save the tiger? Jeremy Hance 21.168602 79.645198 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12761 2014-02-11T16:29:00Z 2014-12-30T22:54:11Z Incredible encounter: whales devour European eels in the darkness of the ocean depths <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0211.eel.68473.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The Critically Endangered European eel makes one of the most astounding migrations in the wild kingdom. After spending most of its life in Europe's freshwater rivers, the eel embarks on an undersea odyssey, traveling 6,000 kilometers (3,720 miles) to the Sargasso Sea where it will spawn and die. The long-journeying eels larva than make their way back to Europe over nearly a year. Yet by tracking adult European eels (Anguilla anguilla) with electronic data loggers, scientists have discovered that some eels never make it to their spawning ground, but instead are swallowed-up in the depths by leviathans. Jeremy Hance 48.341646 -34.643556 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12713 2014-02-01T13:06:00Z 2014-02-01T13:24:50Z Endangered tiger killed in Sumatra A young Sumatran Tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) was shot and killed by a coffee farmer in Jambi Province. With an estimated 400 individuals left in the wild, the species is Critically Endangered, while habitat loss increasingly forces them into populated areas to search for food. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12700 2014-01-29T14:40:00Z 2014-02-19T15:28:02Z Predator appreciation: how saving lions, tigers, and polar bears could rescue ourselves <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0129.Christo_scan_46.150..jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In the new book, In Predatory Light: Lions and Tigers and Polar Bears, authors Elizabeth Marshall Thomas, Sy Montgomery, and John Houston, and photographers Cyril Christo and Marie Wilkinson share with us an impassioned and detailed appeal to appreciate three of the world's biggest predators: lions, tigers, and polar bears. Through lengthy discussions, combining themes from scientific conservation to local community folklore, In Predatory Light takes us step by step deeper into the wild world of these awe-inspiring carnivores and their varied plight as they facedown extinction. Jeremy Hance 78.80198 15.948486 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12695 2014-01-28T15:59:00Z 2014-01-28T16:32:18Z Over 2,500 wolves killed in U.S.'s lower 48 since 2011 Hunters and trappers have killed 2,567 gray wolves in the U.S.'s lower 48 states since 2011, according to recent data. Gray wolves (<i>Canis lupus</i>) were protected by the Endangered Species Act (ESA) for nearly 40 years before being stripped of their protection status by a legislative rider in 2011. Last year total wolf populations were estimated at over 6,000 in the region. Jeremy Hance 44.510218 -110.611954 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12694 2014-01-28T13:43:00Z 2014-01-29T13:37:35Z Feral crèches: parenting in wild India <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0128.Picture11_SBear.600.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The Wildlife Conservation Society-India has been camera trapping wild animals for over 20 years in the Western Ghats. The results reveal the most intimate, fascinating and sometimes comical insights into animal behavior and ecology. These mammals generally become secretive and protective during parenting, and therefore we seldom get to see little ones in the wild. But discretely placed camera traps have not only caught glimpses of these adorable wild babies, but also produced wonderful family albums! Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12649 2014-01-17T12:55:00Z 2015-01-18T04:26:57Z Wonderful Creatures: A nematode drama played out in a millipede's gut <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0117.1d.-Rhigonema-tomentosum_-David-J-Hunt.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Nematodes are typically small animals that to the naked eye look very much alike; however, these creatures are fantastically diverse &#8212;on a par with the arthropods in terms of species diversity. At face value, nematodes lack the charisma of larger animals, so there are very few biologists who have made it their life’s work to understand them. Those who do have been rewarded with a glimpse of the incredible diversity of these animals, an example of which is the complex menagerie of nematodes that dwell in the guts of large, tropical millipedes. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12645 2014-01-16T20:26:00Z 2014-12-30T22:55:41Z Snow leopards and other mammals caught on camera trap in Uzbekistan (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0116.CAM43590-2013-11-16_14-31-13.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists knew that snow leopards (Panthera uncia) still survived in the Central Asian country of Uzbekistan, but late last year they captured the first ever photos. Camera traps in the Gissar Nature Reserve took photos of the big cats, along with bear, lynx, ibex, wild boar, and other mammals. The camera trap program was led by biologists Bakhtiyor Aromov and Yelizaveta Protas working with Panthera, WWF's Central Asia Program, and Uzbekistan's Biocontrol Agency. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12632 2014-01-14T16:40:00Z 2014-01-14T16:47:19Z German government gives tigers $27 million At a summit in 2010, the world's 13 tiger range states pledged to double the number of tigers (Panthera tigris) in the wild by 2020. Today, non-tiger state Germany announced its assistance toward that end. Through its KfW Development Bank, the German government has pledged around $27 million (20 million Euro) to a new program run by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Jeremy Hance -0.870633 102.386627 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12610 2014-01-08T22:03:00Z 2014-12-30T22:56:28Z Lions face extinction in West Africa: less than 250 survive <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0108.Henschel_Lion_Niokolo-Koba_NP_SenegalCREDIT.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The lions of West Africa, which may represent a distinct subspecies, are on the precipice of extinction. A sober new study in PLOS ONE reports that less than 250 mature lions survive in the region. Scientists have long known that West Africa's lions were in trouble, but no one expected the situation to be as dire as it was. In fact, in 2012 scientists estimated the population at over 500. But looking at 21 parks, scientists were shocked to find lions persisted in just four with only one population containing more than 50 individuals. Jeremy Hance 11.248102 1.598455 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12478 2013-12-03T21:42:00Z 2015-02-11T23:58:51Z 86 percent of big animals in the Sahara Desert are extinct or endangered <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1203.addax_termit_niger_0512-copyright-Thomas-Rabeil-and-Sahara-Conservation-Fund_150-.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Bigger than all of Brazil, among the harshest ecosystems on Earth, and largely undeveloped, one would expect that the Sahara desert would be a haven for desert wildlife. One would anticipate that big African animals&#8212;which are facing poaching and habitat loss in other parts of the world&#8212;would thrive in this vast wilderness. But a new landmark study in Diversity and Distributions finds that the megafauna of the Sahara desert are on the verge of total collapse. Jeremy Hance 22.411029 12.235107 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12461 2013-11-27T16:58:00Z 2015-02-11T23:55:08Z Scientists discover new cat species roaming Brazil <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1126.L-guttulus-08-TGO_med_res2.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>As a family, cats are some of the most well-studied animals on Earth, but that doesn't mean these adept carnivores don't continue to surprise us. Scientists have announced today the stunning discovery of a new species of cat, long-confused with another. Looking at the molecular data of small cats in Brazil, researchers found that the tigrina&#8212;also known as the oncilla in Central America&#8212;is actually two separate species. The new species has been dubbed Leopardus guttulus and is found in the Atlantic Forest of southern Brazil, while the other Leopardus tigrinus is found in the cerrado and Caatinga ecosystems in northeastern Brazil. Jeremy Hance -25.697226 -48.620796 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12453 2013-11-26T18:50:00Z 2015-02-11T23:55:15Z Camera traps reveal Amur leopards are breeding in China (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1126.amurleopards.1.1.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Good news today about one of the world's rarest mammals: camera traps in China's Wangqing Nature Reserve have captured the first proof of breeding Amur leopards in the country, according to the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS). The photos show a mother Amur leopard with two cubs. A recent survey by WWF-Russia estimated the total wild population of Amur leopards at just 50 individuals, but that's a population on the rise (from a possible nadir of 25) and expanding into long-unused territory. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12305 2013-11-04T22:23:00Z 2015-02-11T23:46:39Z World's most cryptic feline photographed in logging concession <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1104baycat150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The bay cat is arguably the world's least-known member of the cat family (Felidae). Although first described by scientists in 1874, no photo existed of a living specimen until 1998 and a wild cat in its rainforest habitat wasn't photographed until five years later. Given this, scientists with Zoological Society of London (ZSL) and Imperial College London were taken aback when their remote camera traps captured numerous photos of these elusive cats hanging out in a commercial logging concession in Sabah, a state in Malaysian Borneo. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12214 2013-10-17T20:09:00Z 2015-02-11T23:48:11Z Honey badgers and more: camera traps reveal wealth of small carnivores in Gabon (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1017.2.-B.-nigripes-_LB-Panthera-(small).150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Gabon has lost most of its big meat-eaters including lions, spotted hyenas, and African wild dogs (although it's still home to leopards), but a new study focuses on the country's lesser-known species with an appetite for flesh. For the first time, researchers surveyed Gabon's small carnivores, including 12 species from the honey badger (<i>Mellivora capensis</i>) to the marsh mongoose (<i>Atilax paludinosus</i>). Jeremy Hance -2.130856 9.697723 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12148 2013-09-30T14:24:00Z 2015-02-11T23:43:09Z Samburu's lions: how the big cats could make a comeback in Kenya <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/ewaso.DSC_0584.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In 2009 conservationists estimated that less than 2,000 lions survive in Kenya, a drop of 26 percent in just seven years. In addition, the East Africa country continues to hemorrhage lions: around a hundred a year. Poaching, poisoning, and large-scale habitat loss has put lions on the defensive across Africa, but even countries once thought lion strongholds--like Kenya--have seen populations harried to devastation and in some cases local extinction. Shivani Bhalla, a fourth-generation Kenyan, is working to turnaround this trend in Samburu National Reserve. Jeremy Hance 0.615244 37.532769 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12083 2013-09-17T15:03:00Z 2015-02-11T23:39:02Z Lions rising: community conservation making a difference for Africa's kings in Mozambique <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0917.LICM-11--Newst-male-lion-in-the-area.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Everyone knows that tigers, pandas, and blue whales are threatened with extinction&#8212;but lions!? Researchers were shocked to recently discover that lion populations have fallen precipitously: down to around 30,000 animals across the African continent. While 30,000 may sound like a lot, this is a nearly 70 percent decline since 1960. In addition, lion populations are increasingly fragmented with a number of populations having vanished altogether. However, there is hope: one place where lion populations are actually on the rise is Niassa National Reserve in Mozambique. Here, lion populations have risen by around 60 percent in just seven years. In part this is due to the effort of Colleen and Keith Begg. Jeremy Hance -12.004398 37.446442 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12036 2013-09-10T13:57:00Z 2015-02-11T23:39:57Z Protecting predators in the wildest landscape you've never heard of <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0910.DSC_3198lion2bw-.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The Serengeti, the Congo, the Okavango Delta: many of Africa's great wildernesses are household names, however on a continent that never fails to surprise remain vast wild lands practically unknown to the global public. One of these is the Ruaha landscape: covering 51,800 square kilometers (20,000 square miles) of southern Tanzania's woodlands and savannah, Ruaha contains the largest population of elephants in East Africa, over 500 bird species, and a wealth of iconic top predators, including cheetah, hyena, wild dogs, leopard, and&#8212;the jewel in its crown&#8212;10 percent of the world's lions. But that's not all, one of Africa's least-known and secretive tribal groups, the Barabaig, also calls Ruaha home. Jeremy Hance -7.490133 35.01646 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12017 2013-09-04T19:30:00Z 2013-09-08T15:43:22Z Featured video: 'this is day one for the olinguito' Last month scientists unveiled a remarkable discovery: a new mammal in the order Carnivora (even though it mostly lives off fruits) in the Andean cloud forests. This was the first new mammal from that order in the Western Hemisphere since the 1970s. The olinguito had long been mistaken for its closest relatives, olingos&#8212;small tree-dwelling mammals that inhabit the lowland rainforests of South and Central America&#8212;however genetic research showed the olinguito had actually been separated by 3-4 million years from its cousins. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11980 2013-08-29T15:28:00Z 2015-02-11T23:38:21Z Featured video: how tigers could save human civilization In the video below, John Vaillant, author of the <i>The Tiger: A True Story of Vengeance and Survival</i>, tells an audience at TEDxYYC about the similarities between tigers and human beings. Given these similarities&#8212;big mammals, apex predator, highly adaptable, intelligent, and stunningly 'superior'&#8212;John Vaillant asks an illuminating question: what can we learn from the tiger? It turns out learning from tigers could help conserve the human race. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11930 2013-08-18T14:52:00Z 2015-02-11T23:16:02Z Meet the BABY olinguito <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0818.Baby-Olinguito-in-La-Mesenia-Reserve-Colombia-Photo-by-Luis-Mazariegos.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Since its announcement on Thursday, the olinguito&#8212;the world's newest mammal&#8212;has taken the world by storm. Hundreds of articles have been written about the new species, while its cuddly appearance has already been made the subject of cartoons. Now, conservationists have released the first photos of a baby olinguito. The new photos come from La Mesenia Conservation Project in Colombia, an Andean cloud forest reserve that is a project area for the NGO SavingSpecies. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11917 2013-08-15T15:32:00Z 2015-02-11T23:15:47Z Scientists discover teddy bear-like mammal hiding out in Andean cloud forests (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/150olinguito.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>While the olinguito looks like a wild, tree-climbing teddy bear with a cat's tail, it's actually the world's newest mammalian carnivore. The remarkable discovery&#8212;the first mammal carnivore uncovered in the Western Hemisphere since the 1970s&#8212;was found in the lush cloud forests of the Andes, a biodiverse region home to a wide-range of species found no-where else. Dubbed the olinguito (<i>Bassaricyon neblina</i>), the new mammal is a member of a little-known, elusive group of mammals&#8212;olingos&#8212;that are related to raccoons, coatis, and kinkajous. However, according to its description in the journal Zookeys, the olinguito is the most distinct member of its group, separated from other olingos by 3-4 million years (or longer than Homo sapiens have walked the Earth). Jeremy Hance 0.006695 -78.679547 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11891 2013-08-07T14:20:00Z 2013-08-11T14:53:46Z Last disease-free Tasmanian devils imperiled by mine <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0807.800px-TasmanianDevil_1888.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The federal environment minister, Mark Butler, has given the go-ahead to a controversial mine that the courts halted amid concerns it could drastically affect the last stronghold of the Tasmanian devil. Butler said he had granted approval to Shree Minerals to proceed with its iron ore mine at Nelson Bay River in the north-west of Tasmania, subject to 30 conditions. Jeremy Hance -41.481833 144.983368 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11861 2013-07-31T18:14:00Z 2013-07-31T18:31:51Z Balkan lynx conservation unifies neighboring countries <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0731balkan-lynx150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>They still call the Balkans “the Powder Keg of Europe.” For good reason too: bloody ethnic and religious conflicts in the past decades have left hundreds of thousands dead and millions displaced. As recently as 2001, the army in Macedonia was fighting with ethnic Albanians, many of them from Kosovo. However, in the past seven years a rare and charismatic wild cat – the Balkan lynx (<em>Lynx lynx balcanicus</em>)– is serving to unify countries with troubled historical and political relations. Albania, Macedonia, Kosovo and Montenegro are collaborating on a joint conservation strategy for the Critically Endangered animal. Rhett Butler 41.622116 20.665176 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11857 2013-07-30T16:02:00Z 2013-07-30T16:20:56Z Nepal's tigers on the rebound Nearly two hundred tigers roam the lowland forests of Nepal, according to a new survey. This is a 63 percent increase in the country's tiger population since 2009, and rare good news for global efforts to save the tiger from extinction. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11835 2013-07-25T18:44:00Z 2013-07-25T22:37:43Z Cheetah don’t overheat during hunts A new study published in <i>Biology Letters</i> finds that contrary to popular opinion, cheetah don’t overheat during hunts. But their body temperature rises after successful hunts due to stress than another predator may seize their prey. Rhett Butler -20.814211 16.653357 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11771 2013-07-15T18:12:00Z 2015-02-11T23:10:40Z Scientists: lions need funding not fences <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0715.Lion_waiting_in_Namibia.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Fences are not the answer to the decline in Africa's lions, according to a new paper in <i>Ecology Letters</i>. The new research directly counters an earlier controversial study that argued keeping lions fenced-in would be cheaper and more effective in saving the big cats. African lion (<i>Panthera leo</i>) populations across the continent have fallen dramatically: it's estimated that the current population is around 15,000-35,000 lions, down from 100,000 just 50 years ago. The animal kings are suffering from booming human populations, habitat loss and fragmentation, prey decline, trophy hunting, and human-lion conflict. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11766 2013-07-12T02:55:00Z 2013-07-12T03:20:04Z 5 men rescued, 1 killed, after 5-day Sumatran tiger standoff <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay/animals/150/animals_02478.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Five men were finally rescued on Monday after spending five days trapped in a tree by a group of Sumatran tigers. A team of around 30 people rescued the men after several tiger tamers were able to lure the animals away using chants and mantras. The men were attacked inside Aceh’s Gunung Leuser National Park by a mother tiger after accidentally killing its cub in a trap the group had set to hunt deer. The tiger killed one of the men, 28-year-old David, and forced the others to escape up a tree. Rhett Butler 3.864255 97.606444 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11672 2013-06-28T18:37:00Z 2013-07-05T16:59:48Z Sumatran tiger density lower than previously thought The critically endangered Sumatran tiger may be even rarer than previously thought, reports a study published in the journal <i>Oryx</i>. Rhett Butler -0.084457 101.614494 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11619 2013-06-19T17:18:00Z 2015-02-11T23:08:01Z Conserving top predators results in less CO2 in the air <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0619.carbon.predators.1_Spider.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>What does a wolf in Yellowstone National Park have in common with an ambush spider on a meadow in Connecticut? Both are predators and thus eat herbivores, such as elk (in the case of wolves) and grasshoppers (in the case of spiders). Elk and grasshoppers also have more in common than you probably imagine: they both consume large quantities of plant matter. While scientists have long-known that predators lead to carbon storage by reducing herbivore populations, a new study reveals a novel way in which top predators cause an ecosystem to store more carbon. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11571 2013-06-10T14:24:00Z 2015-02-11T23:06:36Z Tibetan monks partner with conservationists to protect the snow leopard <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0610.Snow-Leopard.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Tibetan monks could be the key to safeguarding the snow leopard (<i>Panthera uncia</i>) from extinction, according to an innovative program by big cat NGO Panthera which is partnering with Buddhist monasteries deep in leopard territory. Listed as Endangered by the IUCN Red List, snow leopard populations have dropped by a fifth in the last 16 years or so. Large, beautiful, and almost never-seen, snow leopards are the apex predators of the high plateaus and mountains of central Asia, but their survival like so many big predators is in jeopardy. Jeremy Hance 33.504759 87.963865 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11546 2013-06-04T19:13:00Z 2015-02-11T23:03:29Z Monitor lizards vanishing to international trade in pets and skins <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0603.57248_web.monitorlizards.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The world's monitor lizards remind us that the world was once ruled by reptiles: this genus (Varanus) includes the world's biggest lizards, such as the stunning Komodo dragon and many other island kings. A large number beautifully-colored and patterned, these lizards are known for their intelligence and their apex role in many island food chains. However, a new study finds that the world's monitors, especially those in Southeast Asia, are vanishing due to the international pet trade and for their skins, which are turned into handbags and straps for watches. Meanwhile the rapid destruction of their rainforest homes is exacerbating the situation. Jeremy Hance -8.561331 119.476891 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11475 2013-05-23T15:18:00Z 2015-02-09T23:00:28Z Three new species of carnivorous snails discovered in endangered habitat in Thailand (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0523.carnivoroussnails.-55266.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists from Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok and the Natural History Museum, London recently discovered three new species of carnivorous snails in northern Thailand. However, the celebration of these discoveries is tainted by the fact that the new snails are already threatened with extinction due to the destruction of their limestone habitat. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11457 2013-05-21T14:02:00Z 2015-02-09T23:00:19Z Scientists capture one of the world's rarest big cats on film (photos) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0521.javanleopard.8733156523_7504e31131_o.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Less than a hundred kilometers from the bustling metropolis of Jakarta, scientists have captured incredible photos of one of the world's most endangered big cats: the Javan leopard (<i>Panthera pardus melas</i>). Taken by a research project in Gunung Halimun-Salak National Park, the photos show the magnificent animal relaxing in dense primary rainforest. Scientists believe that fewer than 250 mature Javan leopard survive, and the population may be down to 100. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11456 2013-05-20T16:36:00Z 2015-02-09T23:00:11Z Could the Tasmanian tiger be hiding out in New Guinea? <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0520.ThylacineOslo.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Many people still believe the Tasmanian tiger (<i>Thylacinus cynocephalus</i>) survives in the wilds of Tasmania, even though the species was declared extinct over eighty years ago. Sightings and reports of the elusive carnivorous marsupial, which was the top predator on the island, pop-up almost as frequently as those of Bigfoot in North America, but to date no definitive evidence has emerged of its survival. Yet, a noted cryptozoologist (one who searches for hidden animals), Dr. Karl Shuker, wrote recently that tiger hunters should perhaps turn their attention to a different island: New Guinea. Jeremy Hance -4.140983 137.213287 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11446 2013-05-16T19:42:00Z 2015-02-09T22:57:44Z Crazy cat numbers: unusually high jaguar densities discovered in the Amazon rainforest <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0516.wwf.sandiego.Jaguar-2.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Jaguars (<i>Panthera onca</i>) are the biggest cat in the Americas and the only member of the Panthera genus in the New World; an animal most people recognize, the jaguar is also the third largest cat in the world with an intoxicatingly dangerous beauty. The feline ranges from the harsh deserts of southern Arizona to the lush rainforests of Central America, and from the Pantanal wetlands all the way down to northern Argentina. These mega-predators stalk prey quietly through the grasses of Venezuelan savannas, prowl the Atlantic forests of eastern Brazil, hunt along the river of the Amazon, and even venture into lower parts of the Andes. Jeremy Hance -12.036634 -69.727936 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11342 2013-05-02T18:08:00Z 2015-02-09T22:53:23Z Endangered primates and cats may be hiding out in swamps and mangrove forests <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay.s3.amazonaws.com/sabah/150/sabah_3798.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>What happens to animals when their forest is cut down? If they can, they migrate to different forests. But in an age when forests are falling far and fast, many species may have to shift to entirely different environments. A new paper in <i>Folia Primatologica</i> theorizes that some 60 primate species and 20 wild cat species in Asia and Africa may be relying more on less-impacted environments such as swamp forests, mangroves, and peat forests. Jeremy Hance -2.54936 113.64521 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11330 2013-05-01T16:24:00Z 2015-02-09T22:53:06Z 13 year search for Taiwan's top predator comes up empty-handed After 13 years of searching for the Formosan clouded leopard (<i>Neofelis nebulosa brachyura</i>), once hopeful scientists say they believe the cat is likely extinct. For more than a decade scientists set up over 1,500 camera traps and scent traps in the mountains of Taiwan where they believed the cat may still be hiding out, only to find nothing. Jeremy Hance 23.171926 120.858994 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11317 2013-04-29T17:56:00Z 2013-04-29T19:24:37Z Obama Administration to propose stripping protection from all gray wolves The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) is proposing to end protection for all gray wolves (<i>Canis lupus</i>) in the lower 48 states, save for a small population of Mexican wolves in New Mexico, reports the Los Angeles Times. The proposal comes two years after wolves were removed from the Endangered Species Act (ESA) in western states by a legislative rider on a budget bill, and soon after in the midwest. Since then hunting and trapping has killed over 1,500 wolves in these two regions. Jeremy Hance 48.056054 -93.275757 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11298 2013-04-24T19:12:00Z 2015-02-09T22:53:55Z Bizarre, little-known carnivore sold as illegal pet in Indonesian markets (photo) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0424.DSC_3186.javanferretbadger.250.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Few people have ever heard of the Javan ferret-badger, but that hasn't stopped this animal&#8212;little-known even to scientists&#8212;from being sold in open markets in Jakarta according to a new paper in <i>Small Carnivore Conservation</i>. The Javan ferret-badger (<i>Melogale orientalis</i>) is one of five species in the ferret-badger family, which are smaller than proper badgers with long bushy tails and elongated faces; all five species are found in Asia. Jeremy Hance -6.193803 106.828194 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11268 2013-04-18T14:30:00Z 2013-04-18T16:00:43Z Lions for sale: big game hunting combines with lion bone trade to threaten endangered cats <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://www.mongabay.com/images/uganda/150/ug8_5895.JPG" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Koos Hermanus would rather not give names to the lions he breeds. So here, behind a 2.4-meter high electric fence, is 1R, a three-and-a-half-year-old male, who consumes 5kg of meat a day and weighs almost 200kg. It will only leave its enclosure once it has been "booked"' by a hunter, most of whom are from the United States. At that point the big cat will be set loose in the wild for the first time in its life, 96 hours before the hunt begins. It usually takes about four days to track down the prey, with the trophy hunter following its trail on foot, accompanied by big-game professionals including Hermanus. He currently has 14 lions at his property near Groot Marico, about two and a half hours by road west of Johannesburg. Jeremy Hance -31.597253 25.726318 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11247 2013-04-16T21:00:00Z 2015-02-09T22:49:35Z Civet poop coffee may be threatening wild species <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0416.Common-Palm-Civet.shepherd.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Popularization of the world's strangest coffee may be imperiling a a suite of small mammals in Indonesia, according to a new study in <i>Small Carnivore Conservation</i>. The coffee, known as <i>kopi luwak</i> (kopi for coffee and luwak for the civet), is made from whole coffee beans that have passed through the guts of the animal and out the other side. The coffee is apparently noted for its distinct taste, though some have argued it is little more than novelty. Jeremy Hance -6.210528 106.84164 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11201 2013-04-09T17:25:00Z 2015-02-26T17:41:43Z Amur leopard population rises to 50 animals, but at risk from tigers, poachers <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0409.amurleopard.wwd.WEB_257680.250.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In the remote Russian far east, amid pine forests and long winters, a great cat may be beginning to make a recovery. A new survey estimates that the Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis) population has risen to as many as 50 individuals. While this may not sound like much, it's a far cry from the a population that may have fallen to just 25 animals. Sporting the heaviest coat of any leopard, the Amur leopard largely hunts hoofed animals, such as deer and boar, in a forest still ruled by the Siberian tiger. Jeremy Hance 44.715514 134.60083 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11086 2013-03-20T23:23:00Z 2013-03-20T23:29:36Z Male lions require dense vegetation for successful ambush hunting <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay/animals/150/z_00009.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>For a long time male lions were derided as the lazy ones in the pride, depending on females for the bulk of hunting and not pulling their weight. Much of this was based on field observations&#8212;female lions hunt cooperatively, often in open savannah, and therefore are easier to track at night. But new research in <i>Animal Behaviour</i> is showing that males are adroit hunters in their own right, except prickly males hunt alone and use dense vegetation as cover; instead of social hunting in open savannah, they depend on ambushing unsuspecting prey. Jeremy Hance -23.85821 31.463242 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11062 2013-03-18T16:03:00Z 2015-02-09T22:40:57Z Forgotten lions: shedding light on the fate of lions in unprotected areas <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0318.lions-03-18-at-9.33.18-AM.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>African lions (<i>Panthera leo</i>) living outside of protected areas like national parks or reserves also happen to be studied much less than those residing within protected areas, to the detriment of lion conservation initiatives. In response to this trend, a group of researchers surveyed an understudied, unprotected region in northwestern Mozambique called the Tete Province, whose geography and proximity to two national parks suggests a presence of lions. Jeremy Hance -16.165218 33.605404 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11014 2013-03-08T18:12:00Z 2013-03-12T03:31:14Z Conservationists: ban the wild cheetah pet trade A group of prominent conservation groups have joined an alliance of African states in calling on CITES to ban the trade in wild cheetah for the pet trade. Rhett Butler 13.724961 100.557947 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10985 2013-03-06T20:27:00Z 2015-02-09T22:38:26Z The end of wild Africa?: lions may need fences to survive <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/tz_1653a.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In order for dwindling lion populations to survive in Africa, large-scale fencing projects may be required according to new research in Ecology Letters. Recent estimates have put lion populations down to 15,000-35,000, a massive drop from a population that was thought to be around 100,000 in 1960. The worsening plight of lions have pushed the researchers to suggest what is likely to be a controversial proposal: fence the top predators in. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10931 2013-02-26T18:52:00Z 2013-02-26T19:09:42Z Chinese government creating secret demand for tiger trade alleges NGO (warning: graphic images) <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0226.China_Chaohu_tiger-skin-rug-for-sale-with-permit-at-Xiafeng-taxidermy-copyright-EIA.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The number of tigers being captive bred in China for consumption exceed those surviving in the wild&#8212;across 13 countries&#8212;by over a third, according to a new report by the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA). The report, Hidden in Plain Sight, alleges that while the Chinese government has been taking a tough stance on tiger conservation abroad, at home it has been secretly creating demand for the internationally-banned trade. Few animals in the world have garnered as much conservation attention at the tiger (Panthera tigirs), including an international summit in 2010 that raised hundreds of millions of dollars for the vanishing wild cats. Jeremy Hance 25.273262 110.285854 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10930 2013-02-26T15:38:00Z 2015-02-09T22:37:27Z Asiatic cheetahs: on the road to extinction? <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0226.cheetahs.iran.Miandasht01_2.150..jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) are unique among large cats. They have a highly specialized body, a mild temperament, and are the fastest living animals on land. Acinonyx jubatus venaticus, the Asiatic subspecies, is unique among cheetahs and the only member of five currently living subspecies to occur outside of Africa. Listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List&#8212;with a population of between 70 and 100 individuals&#8212;the Asiatic cheetah is one of the rarest felines on the planet. But new proposed road through one of its last habitat strongholds may threaten the cat even further. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10860 2013-02-12T17:55:00Z 2015-02-09T22:31:03Z Tigers gobble up 49 percent of India's wildlife conservation funds, more imperiled species get nothing Nearly half of India's wildlife budget goes to one species: the tiger, reports a recent article in Live Mint. India has devoted around $63 million to wildlife conservation for 2013-2013, of which Project Tiger receives $31 million. The Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is currently listed as Endangered by the IUCN Red List; however India is also home to 132 species currently considered Critically Endangered, the highest rating before extinction. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10849 2013-02-07T21:06:00Z 2015-02-09T22:30:38Z Catching Borneo's mysterious wild cats on film <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0207.Marbled_Cat.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In my childhood's biology books from the 50's, the Australian marsupial tiger Thylacine is classified rare but alive. Today we know that the last thylacine died in a Tasmanian zoo 7th September, 1936, after a century of intensive hunting encouraged by bounties. The local government had finally introduced official protection 59 days before the last specimen died. Despite the optimism in my old books, no more thylacines were ever found. No film of it in the wild exists. Jeremy Hance 4.958247 117.693787 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10846 2013-02-07T17:51:00Z 2013-02-07T18:03:30Z Animal picture of the day: the world's biggest cat The Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica), also known as the Siberian tiger, is the world's biggest cat. An adult male weighs on average about 390 pounds (176 kilograms). The largest yet recorded weighed 460 pounds (207 kilograms), although there are reports of considerably larger animals in the past. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10834 2013-02-06T17:28:00Z 2013-02-06T17:45:51Z Over 1,500 wolves killed in the contiguous U.S. since hunting legalized <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://photos.mongabay.com/j/wolfandsharks.wolf.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Hunters and trappers have killed approximately 1,530 wolves over the last 18 months in the contiguous U.S., which excludes Alaska. After being protected under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) for 38 years, gray wolves (<i>Canis lupus</i>) were stripped of their protected states in 2011 by a legislative rider (the only animal to ever be removed in this way). Hunting and trapping first began in Montana and Idaho and has since opened in Wyoming, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10818 2013-02-05T22:19:00Z 2013-02-05T22:28:20Z U.S. proposes to list wolverine under Endangered Species Act Arguably one of the toughest animals on Earth, the wolverine (Gulo gulo) may soon find itself protected under the U.S.'s Endangered Species Act (ESA) as climate change melts away its preferred habitat. Last week, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) announced it was proposing to place the world's largest terrestrial mustelid on the list. Only 250-300 wolverines are believed to survive in the contiguous U.S. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10808 2013-02-04T18:19:00Z 2015-02-09T22:28:24Z Geneticists discover distinct lion group in squalid conditions <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0204.lion.light.Addis-3.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>They languished behind bars in squalid conditions, their very survival in jeopardy. Outside, an international team of advocates strove to bring worldwide attention to their plight. With modern genetics, the experts sought to prove what they had long believed: that these individuals were special. Like other cases of individuals waiting for rescue from a life of deprivation behind bars, the fate of those held captive might be dramatically altered with the application of genetic science to answer questions of debated identity. Now recent DNA analysis has made it official: this group is special and because of their scientifically confirmed distinctiveness they will soon enjoy greater freedom. Jeremy Hance 9.042788 38.761997 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10797 2013-02-01T15:44:00Z 2015-01-17T05:33:38Z Man drove Tasmanian Tiger to extinction in Australia Man, not disease, drove the Tasmanian Tiger to extinction, according to a new study published in the <i>Journal of Animal Ecology</i>. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10780 2013-01-29T22:27:00Z 2013-02-13T16:42:15Z Claim of human and tiger 'coexistence' lacks perspective <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0129.Tiger-by-Kalyan-Varma.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Nepal's Chitwan National Park was the site of a study, published in September 2012 by Carter and others, which concluded that, tigers coexist with humans at fine spatial scales. This paper has ignited a scientific debate regarding its implications for large carnivore conservation worldwide, with scientists at institutions worldwide questioning the validity of claims of coexistence. At the foundation of this debate, perhaps, is the unresolved question, "what is coexistence?" Jeremy Hance 27.487373 84.480591 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10729 2013-01-21T18:49:00Z 2013-01-22T16:30:43Z Living beside a tiger reserve: scientists study compensation for human-wildlife conflict in India <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0121_Kalyan_Varma_D111619.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>During an average year, 87% of households surrounding Kanha Tiger Reserve in Central India report experiencing some kind of conflict with wild animals, according to a new paper in the open-access journal PLOS One. Co-existence with protected, free-roaming wildlife can be a challenge when living at the edge of a tiger reserve. "Local residents most often directly bear the costs of living alongside wildlife and may have limited ability to cope with losses" wrote the authors of the new paper. Jeremy Hance 22.311967 80.569496