tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:/xml/carbon%20emissions1 carbon emissions news from mongabay.com 2015-06-30T17:38:10Z tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/15058 2015-06-30T17:32:00Z 2015-06-30T17:38:10Z Into the great unknown: The ability of global forests to store carbon is at risk <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay/california/150/muir_woods_0102.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The world's tropical and subtropical forests absorb 1.1 trillion kg. of carbon from the atmosphere every year, storing it in soil and living and dead biomass. Amazonian forests alone store more carbon than any other ecosystem on earth. That's important because any carbon that is stored in biomass is carbon not being released to the atmosphere and contributing to climate change. Tiffany Roufs tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14974 2015-06-16T14:00:00Z 2015-06-17T00:44:09Z $4.5 Billion Spent On Voluntary Carbon Offsets Over Past Decade: Report <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-imgs.s3.amazonaws.com/15/0616_Gaworecki_CarbonMarket_WindFarm_Thumbnail.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Nearly one billion carbon offset credits were voluntarily purchased over the past decade, which netted conservation and clean energy projects almost $4.5 billion, according to a recent report by the Washington D.C.-based conservation group Forest Trends. Rebecca Kessler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14908 2015-06-04T16:39:00Z 2015-06-17T00:39:33Z As mangroves disappear at 'an alarming rate,' conservationists urge more protection <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://travel.mongabay.com/panama/150/pan01-0602.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In 2010, the Jakarta Post reported that, according to a local NGO called People’s Coalition for Justice in Fisheries, Indonesia lost 2.2 million hectares of mangroves in less than 30 years. Conservationists hope Sri Lanka’s move to protect all its mangroves could help push other South and Southeast Asian mangrove range countries in the same direction. Morgan Erickson-Davis 7.602338 81.757777 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14906 2015-06-04T15:37:00Z 2015-06-17T00:38:50Z Sri Lanka becomes first country to completely protect mangroves <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/thumbnails/indonesia/sulawesi/sulawesi7517.JPG" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In a press conference held in May 2015 in the Sri Lankan capital of Colombo, U.S.-based nonprofit Seacology, Sri Lanka-based NGO Sudeesa (formerly known as the Small Fisheries Federation of Sri Lanka) and the government of Sri Lanka announced a joint program that makes Sri Lanka the first country in the world to grant full protection to all its mangrove forests. Morgan Erickson-Davis 9.405939 80.269129 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14865 2015-05-27T16:52:00Z 2015-06-01T19:42:51Z Amazon deforestation speeding global warming <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://www.mongabay.com/thumbnails/peru/aerial-rainforest/Flight_1022_1554.JPG" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Human activity has destroyed huge swaths of the Amazon rainforest's biomass as trees are cleared to make way for pasture, soy fields, and other developments. Now, a new study has determined how much that destruction has contributed to climate change. Morgan Erickson-Davis -11.723046 -70.090514 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14770 2015-05-08T15:13:00Z 2015-05-08T15:28:09Z Energy Sprawl: Comparing biodiversity impacts of oil, gas and wind production <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-imgs.s3.amazonaws.com/15/0508-farber-energy-150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Energy has become a contentious and politicized topic, spurring activism, whether it be the fossil fuel divestment campaign, Keystone pipeline protests, or concern over wind turbine harm to birds. But whatever energy future we choose, two things are clear: an expanding human population will need more energy, and no matter what energy source we pick, it will have landscape-scale impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services. Brittany Stewart tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14763 2015-05-07T20:44:00Z 2015-05-07T20:46:11Z CO2 levels hit monthly average not seen for 2 million years For the first time in human history, carbon dioxide concentrations averaged out at 400 parts per million (ppm) worldwide in March, according to NOAA. Carbon dioxide concentrations have likely not hit such levels in two million years&#8212;long before Homo sapiens evolved. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14705 2015-04-28T23:25:00Z 2015-04-28T23:48:53Z Selective logging leaves more dead wood in rainforests Up to 64 percent of above-ground biomass in selectively logged forests may consist of dead wood left over from logging damage, argues a paper published this week in <i>Environmental Research Letters</i>. Rhett Butler 4.632820 116.950086 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14514 2015-03-19T20:05:00Z 2015-03-19T20:05:25Z Carbon emissions flatlined last year Global carbon emission plateaued last year, according to International Energy Agency, even as the world's economy grew three percent. This is the first time carbon emissions have stalled in the absence of an economic collapse. The news provides tentative hope that the world may finally tackling climate change ahead of much-anticipated climate talks in Paris. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14494 2015-03-13T22:40:00Z 2015-03-13T22:45:01Z Scientists warn of global warming threat to temperate rainforests <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/i/usa/150/ca_big_basin_00192.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In a new study published recently in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, researchers warn that temperate rainforests may be in for big changes in the face of global warming, and they recommend reducing greenhouse gas emissions before it's too late. Morgan Erickson-Davis 40.158450 -124.136958 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14482 2015-03-11T21:23:00Z 2015-03-11T21:24:25Z Study finds soil releases carbon for decades after forests are felled <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/i/usa/150/pittsfield_state_forest_149.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>According to a study by researchers with Dartmouth College, the carbon stored in mineral soils, which lie underneath the organic soil layer, is released for decades after a forest is cut down. This may have serious implications for how carbon emissions from deforestation are accounted for. Morgan Erickson-Davis 43.356244 -74.552389 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14374 2015-02-12T19:59:00Z 2015-02-13T18:50:45Z U.S. Central Plains and Southwest will likely face apocalyptic drought <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/15/0212.thumb.800px-Dust-storm-Texas-1935.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In the recent film Interstellar, a mysterious phenomenon known as "the blight" is wiping out agriculture around the world until only corn&#8212;for some reason&#8212;survives. Humanity is on the brink of starvation. While the blight may be science fiction, global warming is not, and a new study finds that future warming could decimate the western U.S. over the next century. Jeremy Hance 42.414898 -99.888738 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14363 2015-02-09T17:26:00Z 2015-02-20T15:10:29Z Norway sovereign fund drops coal, tar sands, gold-mining companies In its first-ever report on responsible investing, Norway's pension fund announced last week that it has divested from 114 companies in the past three years due to concerns over global warming, deforestation, and sustainability as well as long-term financial viability. Worth a staggering $861 billion, Norway's Government Pension Fund Global (GPFG) is the world's largest sovereign wealth fund. Jeremy Hance 59.912277 10.764517 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14341 2015-02-04T17:50:00Z 2015-02-06T15:10:31Z The Amazon's oil boom: concessions cover a Chile-sized bloc of rainforest <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay/jlh/ecuador/Yasuni.150/Yasuni_303.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Hungry for oil revenue, governments and fossil fuel companies are moving even further into one of the world's last great wildernesses, according to a new study in the journal Environmental Research Letters. The total area set aside for oil and gas in the Western Amazon has grown by 150,000 square kilometers since 2008, now totaling more than 730,000 square kilometers&#8212;an area the size of Chile. Jeremy Hance -14.057138 -68.658039 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14281 2015-01-20T00:15:00Z 2015-01-20T19:22:22Z Indonesia's moratorium not enough to achieve emissions reduction target <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/riau/150/riau_1186.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>When Indonesia's former president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono declared a moratorium in May 2012 on the issuance of new permits for logging in primary forests and on peat lands, it was widely hailed as an important, albeit far too limited, step in clamping down on the country's levels of deforestation. Rhett Butler 0.726830 121.278234 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14275 2015-01-18T23:52:00Z 2015-01-22T14:05:23Z Rising meat consumption pushes farming past deforestation as global warming driver Agriculture has surpasses deforestation and land use change as a driver of greenhouse gas emissions, argues a paper published in <i>Global Change Biology</i>. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14251 2015-01-12T17:22:00Z 2015-01-14T17:45:45Z Video: global carbon dispersal looks like an impressionistic painting in motion A new video showing the global movements of carbon dioxide during one year may look beautiful, but such impressions are misleading. The video, produced by NASA, shows just how much humans are impacting the world's atmosphere, leading to rising temperatures, ocean acidification, melting glaciers, vanishing sea ice, and untold impacts on both wildlife and human communities. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14245 2015-01-08T21:50:00Z 2015-01-12T20:12:56Z Indonesia to weaken peatlands protection to support plantations <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/riau/150/riau_0154.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The Indonesian Ministry of the Environment and Forestry has announced it will further hobble its peatlands protection law to allow plantations to continue operating on a business as usual basis. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14158 2014-12-15T22:24:00Z 2014-12-15T22:47:59Z Growth of forests may not be keeping pace with rising CO2 levels <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://travel.mongabay.com/thailand/150/thailand_0385.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Plants rely on three critical elements for growth: carbon dioxide, water, and sunlight. Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are therefore expected to increase rates of forest growth, in turn helping counter some of humanity's influence on global climate. But a new study provides evidence that challenges that assumption. Rhett Butler 15.402879 99.170639 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14125 2014-12-05T18:55:00Z 2014-12-05T19:00:08Z Indonesia sets reference level for cutting deforestation The Indonesian government has established reference levels for measuring reductions in emissions from deforestation and forest and peatland degradation, reports <i>Antara</i>. Rhett Butler 1.966167 100.523186 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14099 2014-12-02T20:41:00Z 2014-12-03T18:16:14Z Threatened indigenous forests store more than half the Amazon's carbon <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/1202-beetle-thumb.png" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A new study released today finds the total carbon load locked up in parts of the Amazon rainforest held by indigenous groups to be much higher than previously estimated – an amount that, if released, would be capable of destabilizing the earth’s atmosphere. But because of flimsy land rights, these areas stand at risk of deforestation. Morgan Erickson-Davis -2.344611 -55.744104 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14061 2014-11-24T02:17:00Z 2014-11-24T03:28:17Z Rising deforestation, fossil fuels use drive Brazil's emissions 8% higher Brazil's carbon emissions jumped 7.8 percent in 2013 due to rising deforestation and fossil fuels use, according to data released by Observatório do Clima (Climate Observatory), an alliance of mostly Brazilian non-profits. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14035 2014-11-17T21:57:00Z 2014-11-18T18:56:20Z Ending deforestation won't stop carbon emissions from land use change Even if the world stopped cutting down forests, carbon dioxide emissions from land use change would still pose a major challenge, according to a new paper in Nature Climate Change. The research finds that eliminating deforestation would mean agriculture would be pushed into non-forest ecosystems and still release significant quantities of carbon dioxide. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/14014 2014-11-12T22:45:00Z 2014-11-12T22:54:07Z Prelude to Paris: China and U.S. surprise world with joint climate deal <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/namibia/150/namibia_0000.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In what will likely have major ramifications for a new climate agreement in Paris in 2015, China and the U.S. surprised everyone today by announcing a joint climate deal. At a press conference in Beijing, China President, Xi Jingping, and U.S. President, Barack Obama, outlined climate actions for both juggernauts up to 2030. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13973 2014-11-03T20:48:00Z 2014-12-30T22:30:17Z Can we stop runaway global warming? 'All we need is the will to change' <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0117mendenhall_401a.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Twenty-six years after the founding of the IPCC, the Nobel Prize-winning group of scientists has released a new synthesis report that warns in its strongest tones yet that climate change must be dealt with. None of the findings are surprising&#8212;they have been released in earlier assessments throughout the year&#8212;but the terms in which they are written are the starkest yet. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13949 2014-10-28T15:02:00Z 2015-01-21T20:13:08Z Artists, musicians, writers protest government plans for massive coal plant in the Sundarbans Over the weekend, Bangladeshi artists performed plays, sang songs, and recited poetry all in a bid to protect the Sundarbans&#8212;the world's biggest mangrove forest&#8212;from the threat of a massive coal plant. Construction is already under way on the hugely controversial Rampal coal plant, a 1,320 megawatt plant set just 14 kilometers from the edge of the Sundarbans. Jeremy Hance 22.564280 89.666323 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13940 2014-10-23T18:27:00Z 2014-11-06T17:56:14Z Brazil declares new protected area larger than Delaware <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/1023-Chiropotes-albinasus-thumb.jpeg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Earlier this week, the Brazilian government announced the declaration of a new federal reserve deep in the Amazon rainforest. The protections conferred by the move will illegalize deforestation, reduce carbon emissions, and help safeguard the future of the area’s renowned wildlife. Morgan Erickson-Davis -5.741395 -58.248986 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13893 2014-10-09T13:13:00Z 2014-12-30T22:31:05Z Forest fragmentation's carbon bomb: 736 million tonnes C02 annually Scientists have long known that forest fragments are not the same ecologically as intact forest landscapes. When forests are slashed into fragments, winds dry out the edges leading to dying trees and rising temperatures. Biodiversity often drops, while local extinctions rise and big animals vanish. Now, a new study finds another worrisome impact of forest fragmentation: carbon emissions. Jeremy Hance -2.918691 -44.748354 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13832 2014-09-24T20:56:00Z 2014-11-06T17:52:52Z Turning point for Peru's forests? Norway and Germany put muscle and money behind ambitious agreement <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay/peru/150/manu_0728.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>From the Andes to the Amazon, Peru houses some of the world's most spectacular forests. Proud and culturally-diverse indigenous tribes inhabit the interiors of the Peruvian Amazon, including some that have chosen little contact with the outside world. And even as scientists have identified tens-of-thousands of species that make their homes from the leaf litter to the canopy. Jeremy Hance -13.256860 -68.993973 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13822 2014-09-24T13:25:00Z 2014-09-24T13:35:11Z Leaders pledge to end deforestation by 2030 <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay.s3.amazonaws.com/sabah/150/sabah_aerial_1452.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Dozens of companies, non-profit organizations, and governments pledged to work together to halve forest loss by 2020 and end it altogether by 2030. If implemented, the commitment could reduce annual carbon dioxide emissions by 4.5-8.8 billion tons annually, equivalent to removing a billion cars from the world's roads. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13815 2014-09-22T20:32:00Z 2014-09-22T20:47:08Z Chinese now emit more carbon per capita than Europeans Last year, the people of China emitted more carbon per person than those in the EU, according this year's Global Carbon Budget. The report, updated annually, also found that global emissions jumped 2.5 percent last year and are set to hit a record high of 40 billion tonnes this year. The findings highlight how little global society has done to stem emissions, despite numerous pledges and past global agreements. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13814 2014-09-22T16:26:00Z 2014-09-22T20:40:44Z Over half a million people march for climate action worldwide, shattering turnout predictions Around 570,000 people took part in marches around the world yesterday calling for action on climate change. By far the largest event was in New York City, which had been dubbed the biggest climate march in history weeks before. Organizers estimate that 400,000 people showed up to the march in Manhattan, shattering predictions. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13728 2014-08-28T23:43:00Z 2014-08-28T23:52:38Z Indonesia's national airline to start using palm oil biofuel Indonesia's national airline, Garuda Indonesia, says it will start mixing palm oil-based biofuel with its jet fuel as part of an initiative to "reduce" carbon emissions, reports The Jakarta Post. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13717 2014-08-26T20:18:00Z 2014-12-30T22:34:37Z How do we save the world's vanishing old-growth forests? <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/sabah_1454.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>There's nothing in the world like a primary forest, which has never been industrially logged or cleared by humans. They are often described as cathedral-like, due to pillar-like trees and carpet-like undergrowth. Yet, the world's primary forests&#8212;also known as old-growth forests&#8212;are falling every year, and policy-makers are not doing enough to stop it. Jeremy Hance 5.159093 116.924597 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13694 2014-08-21T01:02:00Z 2014-08-21T02:10:16Z Indonesia's forests so damaged they burn whether or not there's drought <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/riau/150/riau_1070.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Air pollution caused by fires set for land-clearing on Sumatra has become a regularly occurrence in Southeast Asia. While these fires are often termed forest fires, the reality is much of the area that burns each year has already been deforested and today mostly consists of grass, scrub, and remnants of what was once forest. But the impacts are nonetheless very substantial, finds a new study published in the journal <i>Scientific Reports</i>. Rhett Butler 1.974402 100.630431 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13666 2014-08-14T04:41:00Z 2014-08-14T04:45:43Z Big palm oil companies move forward on carbon study <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/i/indonesia/150/aceh_0743.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Seven palm oil giants have agreed to fund a study that will define what constitutes "High Carbon Stock" (HCS) forest, a move that will potentially determine the fate of ecosystems around the world as more companies commit to "zero-deforestation" policies based on the amount of carbon stored in vegetation. Rhett Butler -1.664195 112.930999 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13628 2014-08-05T15:26:00Z 2014-12-30T22:35:55Z Biomass burning accounts for 18% of CO2 emissions, kills a quarter of a million people annually Biomass burning takes many forms: wildfires, slash-and-burn agriculture, clearing forests and other vegetation, and even industrialized burning for energy production. Yet this burning&#8212;mostly manmade but also natural&#8212;takes a massive toll both on human health and the environment. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13573 2014-07-22T21:37:00Z 2014-07-22T22:20:26Z 'A high price to pay': new Indonesian peatland regulation may do more harm than good <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0722-peat-thumb.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The Government Regulation on Peatland Ecosystem Protection and Management, initially drafted by the Ministry of Forestry in 2013, is getting mixed acceptance from civil society. On one hand, the regulation would offer more protection to the country’s vast peatland areas. However, on the other, some NGOs have slammed the draft as a potential source of new conflicts for local people. Morgan Erickson-Davis 0.712921 102.020697 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13566 2014-07-22T00:35:00Z 2014-07-23T12:52:51Z Global warming emissions from meat consumption rising rapidly <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay.s3.amazonaws.com/colombia/150/colombia_4902.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Greenhouse gas emissions from livestock production have increased by more than 50 percent over the past 50 years and are set to zoom higher as the developing world consumes more meat, finds a new study published in the journal <i>Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences</i> (PNAS). Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13562 2014-07-20T23:00:00Z 2014-07-20T23:10:07Z What is peat swamp, and why should I care? <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay.s3.amazonaws.com/sabah/150/sabah_3792.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Long considered an unproductive hindrance to growth and development, peat swamp forests in Southeast Asia have been systematically cleared, drained and burned away to make room plantations and construction. Now, as alternating cycles of fires and flood create larger development problems, while greenhouse gas emissions skyrocket, it is time to take a closer look at peat, and understand why clearing it is a very bad idea. Rhett Butler 0.20874 103.390732 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13462 2014-06-27T17:16:00Z 2014-06-27T23:31:57Z Is REDD+ bad for wildlife? New study says lowland forest protection bias unfair, urges change <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0627-andes-thumb.png" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A study published this week found tree cover does not necessarily correlate with habitat importance. It suggests that using such a metric may be leading to false assumptions of habitat importance, and that REDD+ and other carbon-centric conservation programs may actually be propelling some species towards extinction. Morgan Erickson-Davis 7.249391 -76.037375 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13386 2014-06-13T21:52:00Z 2014-06-14T00:20:00Z Protecting rainforests could sequester equivalent of a third of global emissions annually <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0613-carbon-emissions150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>liminating deforestation, peatlands and forest degradation, and forest fires in the tropics could reduce global carbon emissions by two billion tons a year, or nearly a fifth, argues a new study published in <i>Global Change Biology</i>. The research analyzed various emissions sources and sinks across the tropics. They found that carbon emissions from activities that damage and destroy forests are nearly counterbalanced by forest regrowth, reforestation, and afforestation. Rhett Butler -2.427252 -75.214005 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13383 2014-06-13T20:05:00Z 2014-06-13T20:09:21Z 'Borne by the rest of the world': deforestation has global impact, reduces food security <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0613-indo-deforestation-thumb.png" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Research indicates that areas with more forest cover tend to have superior food resilience compared to areas with less. In addition, the loss of forest cover to deforestation has long-term impacts not only locally, but also globally. These topics were discussed by international experts during the 2020 Conference on Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security, held last month in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Morgan Erickson-Davis -2.717664 104.415375 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13366 2014-06-10T15:21:00Z 2014-06-11T13:21:24Z EPA carbon proposal may be crucial step in addressing global climate change The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) June 2nd regulation proposal hit all the expected chords. Following on the heels of a January regulation for new power plants, the Clean Power Plan focuses on all existing electric generation. By 2030, the plan aims to reduce 2005-level carbon dioxide emissions by 30 percent. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13343 2014-06-04T17:19:00Z 2014-11-25T23:22:44Z Ignoring boreal forests could speed up global warming <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0604-russian-taiga-thumb.jpeg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Greenhouse gas emissions from human activity have caused global air and sea surface temperatures to rise approximately 0.8 Celsius (1.4 degrees Fahrenheit) since the beginning of the 20th century, contributing to a plethora of problems worldwide from rising sea levels to desertification. A new study finds that global temperatures may start to increase even faster if more is not done to protect Earth’s boreal forests. Morgan Erickson-Davis 59.413386 76.224136 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13330 2014-06-03T17:35:00Z 2014-06-03T17:51:44Z Turning point? U.S. and China announce major actions on global warming Could 2014 be a turning point for efforts to slash global greenhouse gas emissions? Maybe: in less than 24 hours the world's two largest emitters of carbon dioxide announced plans to finally rein-in the gas most responsible for global warming. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13303 2014-05-28T20:16:00Z 2014-05-29T03:50:24Z Logging, fires take a hidden toll on Amazon rainforest <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0528Logging-Luke-Parry150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Selective logging and small sub-canopy fires are degrading vast areas of rainforest across the Brazilian Amazon, contributing to largely hidden carbon emissions, argues a study published today in <i>Global Change Biology</i>. The research found stark differences in carbon storage between primary forests, selectively logged forests, logged and burned forests, and regrowing or secondary forests. Rhett Butler -2.565823 -54.802605 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13290 2014-05-27T18:41:00Z 2014-05-27T18:46:21Z Upcoming EPA Proposal could put America back on track to lead on global warming <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0527.temperature_nca-1991-2012_lrg.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A regulation proposal on coal plants that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will release in June could be great news for the climate change initiative. The EPA rolled out tough regulations on new constructions of electric generation facilities in January, but the nation's 1,500 existing power plants were left unaffected. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13284 2014-05-25T13:29:00Z 2014-05-25T13:59:56Z Oxfam: Despite zero deforestation pledges, big food companies remain weak on climate commitments Despite several high profile pledges to phase deforestation out of their supply chains, big food and drink companies still aren't doing enough to curb their annual emissions of 264 million tons of greenhouse gas emissions, argues a new report published by Oxfam. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13129 2014-04-25T00:00:00Z 2014-12-30T22:49:12Z The beef with beef: how 12 strategies could drastically cut agricultural emissions <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay.s3.amazonaws.com/colombia/150/colombia_6299.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Eating less beef, cutting food waste, and utilizing farm landscapes to sequester carbon are three ways a new report suggests the world could rapidly tackle agricultural emissions. Currently, global agriculture accounts for nearly a fifth of the world's greenhouse gas emissions when agriculturally-linked deforestation is included. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13076 2014-04-14T14:53:00Z 2014-12-30T22:48:56Z Climate change solution? UN touts ambitious (but cheap) investment in renewable energy <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0414.DR-jlh-044.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The world is warming rapidly due to greenhouse gas emissions, threatening everything from our food supply to our ecosystems, but the solution may be surprisingly cheap, according to the third and final report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The report recommends a rapid and aggressive switch from fossil fuel-based energy to renewables. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13060 2014-04-08T19:55:00Z 2014-04-08T22:47:43Z Procter & Gamble, Cargill pledge to cut deforestation linked to palm oil <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/riau/150/riau_0093.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Procter &amp; Gamble (P&amp;G) and Cargill today announced new measures to cut deforestation from their palm oil supply chains. P&amp;G (NYSE:PG), a consumer products giant that owns brands like Head & Shoulders and Oil of Olay, pledged to establish traceability of palm oil to supplier mills by the end of 2015. The policy commits it to eliminate deforestation from its supply chain by 2020. Rhett Butler 44.952066 -93.476831 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12986 2014-03-26T14:11:00Z 2014-03-26T14:26:16Z The best of the worst: fossil-fuel extractors pave the way for the low-carbon revolution At the end of last year, the world got some good news on the green business front concerning a very unlikely set of participants. A recent market review revealed that Exxon Mobil, Chevron, BP, ConocoPhillips, Royal Dutch Shell, Duke Energy, PG&E Corporation, American Electric Power Company, ConAgra Foods and Walmart, among others, are including shadow carbon prices in their forecasts. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12916 2014-03-12T12:52:00Z 2014-03-12T12:57:58Z The fungus among us: scientists discover a big player in the global carbon cycle <table align="left"><tr><td><img src=" http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0304fungus150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Carbon counters trying to keep tabs on the rising concentration of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere may have missed an important factor for their estimates: fungus. It turns out that when plants partner up with certain types of fungi, they can store up to 70 percent more carbon in the soil according to a paper published last month in <i>Nature</i> by Colin Averill and scientists at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Tiffany Roufs 8.962404 -79.543829 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12859 2014-03-01T17:01:00Z 2014-03-06T00:11:05Z NASA photo reveals ongoing haze problem in Sumatra A new satellite image released by NASA highlights Indonesia's ongoing problem with haze caused by land-clearing fires set across carbon-dense peatlands on the island of Sumatra. Rhett Butler 1.752046 101.242919 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12839 2014-02-27T14:43:00Z 2014-02-27T14:52:14Z Palm oil's climate impact worse than thought due to methane emissions Methane leaks from palm oil wastewater significantly increases the climate impact of palm oil production beyond emissions from land clearance, fire, and peatlands drainage, reports a new study published in <i>Nature Climate Change</i>. The research, led by Philip. G. Taylor of the University of Colorado, finds that annual methane emissions from palm oil wastewater effluent amount to the equivalent of 115 million tons carbon dioxide in Malaysia and Indonesia alone, or roughly 15 percent of total emissions from peat oxidation and land use change in the two countries. Rhett Butler 2.010086 103.809013 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12826 2014-02-25T23:12:00Z 2014-02-27T08:25:24Z Corals thriving despite acidified conditions in remote Pacific bay <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/14/0225palau150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists have discovered a small island bay in the Pacific which could serve as a peephole into the future of the ocean. Palau's Rock Island Bay harbors a naturally occurring anomaly – its water is acidified as much as scientists expect the entire ocean to be by 2100 as a result of rising carbon dioxide emissions. Rhett Butler 7.233333 134.3 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12751 2014-02-10T13:47:00Z 2015-01-18T05:30:43Z Reduced impact logging failing to cut emissions in Indonesia <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay.s3.amazonaws.com/sabah/150/sabah_aerial_0691.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Advocates for reduced impact logging in tropical forests often make a case that better forest management cuts carbon emissions relative to traditional forms of timber harvesting. While the argument for altering logging approaches to limit forest damage makes intuitive sense, a new study suggests that the carbon benefits may not bear out in practice. Rhett Butler 1.989156 117.350754 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12736 2014-02-06T12:02:00Z 2015-01-18T05:06:13Z Drought, fire reducing ability of Amazon rainforest to store carbon New research published in <i>Nature</i> adds further evidence to the argument that drought and fire are reducing the Amazon's ability to store carbon, raising concerns that Earth's largest rainforest could tip from a carbon sink to a carbon source. Rhett Butler -2.28455 -59.866334 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12726 2014-02-05T05:09:00Z 2015-01-17T05:38:31Z Peatland plantations drive steep GHG emissions in Indonesia's Riau Province <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0205RI0_8670150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Versatile is the best way to describe the reddish brown fruit born from oil palm trees. Both the flesh and seed of the fruit is used in many applications including cooking, cosmetics, and biofuel. In addition, the fruit is composed of 50 percent oil, making it a highly efficient product that requires less land than other oil producing crops. Rhett Butler 0.267791 102.200904 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12637 2014-01-14T19:59:00Z 2014-01-14T20:05:53Z Carbon emissions rise 2 percent in U.S. due to increase in coal Carbon dioxide emissions rose two percent in the U.S. last year, according to preliminary data from the Energy Information Administration. Emissions rose largely due to increased coal consumption, the first such rise in U.S. emissions since 2010. Still, the annual emissions remain well below the peak hit in 2007 when emissions hit 6 billion tons. Jeremy Hance 38.889814 -77.034677 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12543 2013-12-19T16:45:00Z 2015-02-12T00:02:11Z Chickens before cows: new study finds cattle have outsized greenhouse gas footprint If you want to lower your greenhouse gas emissions, choose chicken or poultry over beef and dairy, according to a massive new study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). The study finds that global cattle production&#8212;both for beef and dairy&#8212;is responsible for a whopping 77 percent of the world's greenhouse gases attributed to livestock. Meanwhile, pork and poultry account for only 10 percent the greenhouse gases from livestock. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12540 2013-12-19T15:01:00Z 2014-12-28T19:57:07Z Top 10 HAPPY environmental stories of 2013 <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1101olinguito.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>China begins to tackle pollution, carbon emissions: As China's environmental crisis worsens, the government has begun to unveil a series of new initiatives to curb record pollution and cut greenhouse emissions. The world's largest consumer of coal, China's growth in emissions is finally slowing and some experts believe the nation's emissions could peak within the decade. If China's emissions begin to fall, so too could the world's. Jeremy Hance 39.906576 116.413665 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12516 2013-12-13T15:03:00Z 2013-12-13T15:10:40Z Reforestation can't offset massive fossil fuels emissions <table align="left"><tr><td><img src=" http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay/indonesia-java/150/java_0104.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>With the Australian, Japanese, and Canadian governments making an about-face on carbon-emissions reduction targets during the Warsaw climate summit, some experts are warning that the global need for solutions offsetting CO2 emissions is passing a "red line." Land-based mitigation practices comprise one of the solutions on the table as a result of both the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol; however, a paper published in Nature Climate Change by an international team led by Brendan Mackey, has raised the looming question of whether or not land-based practices can actually improve CO2 levels as much as hoped. Tiffany Roufs tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12496 2013-12-10T14:09:00Z 2014-12-28T19:57:48Z Top 10 Environmental Stories of 2013 <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/south-africa/150/south_africa_kruger_1126.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>1. Carbon concentrations hit 400ppm while the IPCC sets global carbon budget: For the first time since our appearance on Earth, carbon concentrations in the atmosphere hit 400 parts per million. The last time concentrations were this high for a sustained period was 4-5 million years ago when temperatures were 10 degrees Celsius higher. Meanwhile, in the slow-moving effort to curb carbon emissions, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) crafted a global carbon budget showing that most of the world's fossil fuel reserves must be left untouched if we are to avoid catastrophic climate change. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12493 2013-12-09T14:07:00Z 2013-12-09T14:48:11Z Making cap-and-trade work: the history and future of a proven program <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1209.800px-Gavin_Plant.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>While the merits for slowing climate change will be treated here as a given, the method for doing so looms elusive. In a recent article, I described pricing carbon through carbon taxes and carbon credits as a way to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and slow global climate change. As there has been some emotive controversy towards both of these, I would like to analyze them more deeply, starting here with carbon credits. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12490 2013-12-05T18:14:00Z 2015-02-11T23:59:10Z Top scientists propose ambitious plans to safeguard world from devastating climate change <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/kauai_1097.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Two degrees is too much: that's the conclusion of a landmark new paper by top economists and climatologists, including James Hansen formerly of NASA. The paper, appearing in the open-access journal PLoS ONE, argues that global society must aim for only one degree Celsius of warming above pre-industrial levels to avoid the worst impact of climate change, and not the two degrees Celsius agreed on by the world's governments. But given that the world's governments are not yet on track to even achieve the two degree target, how could we lock in just one? A combination of renewable energy, nuclear power, and, most importantly, a rising price on carbon emissions, according to the eighteen scientists. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12484 2013-12-05T13:19:00Z 2013-12-05T13:40:41Z Humans are not apex predators, but meat-eating on the rise worldwide <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1205.maps.meateating.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A new paper in <i>Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences</i> has measured the "trophic level" of human beings for the first time. Falling between 1 and 5.5, trophic levels refer to where species fit on the food chain. Apex predators like tigers and sharks are given a 5.5 on trophic scale since they survive almost entirely on consuming meat, while plants and phytoplankton, which make their own food, are at the bottom of the scale. Humans, according to the new paper, currently fall in the middle: 2.21. However, rising meat-eating in countries like China, India, and Brazil is pushing our trophic level higher with massive environmental impacts. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12451 2013-11-26T16:51:00Z 2013-11-26T16:59:52Z Not all mangroves are created equal: new map reveals carbon storage hot-spots <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay.s3.amazonaws.com/jlh/dominican-republic/150/DR-jlh-335.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Mangrove forests are one of the most important weapons in the fight against climate change. Not only do they directly store huge amounts of carbon, but they actively capture additional carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and sequester it in their soils. When mangroves are destroyed, huge quantities of carbon are released into the atmosphere, significantly contributing to greenhouse gas emissions. Tiffany Roufs tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12414 2013-11-20T04:38:00Z 2013-11-20T22:10:23Z Mining the Heart of Borneo: coal production in Indonesia <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1119-top-coal-producers150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Indonesia is the world’s top exporter of coal – supplying energy to China, India, and elsewhere. Indonesia is also ranked the fourth top emitter of greenhouse gases in the world (after China, the USA, and the European Union), largely due to high deforestation rates and peatland fires. This ranking does not take into consideration the carbon emissions that Indonesia ‘exports’ in the form of coal. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12412 2013-11-19T19:41:00Z 2013-11-19T20:04:02Z UN talks tough to global coal industry <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0613.800px-Kompalniaielektrownia.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Yesterday, at the International Coal and Climate Summit&#8212;just a couple miles from the ongoing UN Climate Summit&#8212;Christiana Figueres delivered a speech unlike anything ever heard at a coal industry meeting before. Figueres, the Executive Director of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), took time off from wrangling world leaders and officials toward a climate agreement to talk tough to an industry currently worth around $3 trillion. Jeremy Hance 52.266319 21.066184 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12403 2013-11-19T00:04:00Z 2013-11-19T00:14:33Z Carbon emissions set to hit new record high in 2013 <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1118.smokestacks.64834.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The amount of carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere in 2013 is expected to hit a new high of 36 billion tonnes, according to a Carbon Budget released today by the Global Carbon Project (GCP). This is a 2.1 percent rise from 2012 based on data from the same group. 'We have exhausted about 70 per cent of the cumulative emissions that keep global climate change likely below two degrees,' said GCP member, Pierre Friedlingstein, with the University of Exeter. 'In terms of CO2 emissions, we are following the highest climate change scenario of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released in September.' Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12393 2013-11-18T17:57:00Z 2013-11-19T19:53:19Z Fracking: the good, the bad and the ugly <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1117.800px-Vitoria_-_fracking_ez.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The last few years have ushered in a new national and global awareness of fracking, the 150-year-old technology for extracting natural gas and oil from rock. Fracking, short for hydraulic fracturing, uses ultra-high-pressure slurries to create hairline fractures throughout solid rock. Oil, and more frequently gas, comes rushing out while sand from the mixture holds the fractures open in this nearly alchemical process. As many readers are aware, there are two very divisive schools of thought on fracking. One side touts it as the future of energy. The other derides fracking as inherently toxic and demands its immediate and permanent cessation. Like so many aspects of life, the truth lies somewhere in between. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12398 2013-11-18T17:04:00Z 2013-11-18T19:37:19Z 60,000 protest in Australia to keep carbon price Around 60,000 Australians marched yesterday across the country calling on their government not to go backwards on climate action, according to organizers. Australia has taken a sudden U-turn on climate policy with the election of Prime Minister Tony Abbott in September, including legislation to end its carbon pricing, cutting funding to renewable energies, and obstructing progress at the ongoing UN Climate Summit in Warsaw. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12395 2013-11-18T14:41:00Z 2013-11-18T17:35:40Z Japan pledges to raise carbon emissions, instead of cutting them In 2009, Japan pledged to cut its carbon emissions by 25 percent based on 1990 levels within 11 years. Four years later&#8212;including a nuclear meltdown at Fukushima&#8212;and Japan has reset its goal with a new target to cut emissions by 3.8 percent based on 2005 levels at the UN Climate Summit in Warsaw, Poland. But, the new target, which received widespread condemnation when announced on Friday, actually results in a 3.1 percent <i>rise</i> in emissions when viewed from the widely-accepted 1990 baseline. Jeremy Hance 35.689649 139.777565 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12394 2013-11-18T13:00:00Z 2015-02-11T23:56:13Z World's most vulnerable nation to climate change turns to coal power <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1117.480px-SCS_Aila_at_peak_intensity.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In October, a global risks analysis company, Maplecroft, named Bangladesh the world's most vulnerable nation to climate change by 2050. The designation came as little surprise, since Bangladesh's government and experts have been warning for years of climatic impacts, including rising sea levels, extreme weather, and millions of refugees. However, despite these very public warnings, in recent years the same government has made a sudden turn toward coal power—the most carbon intensive fuel source—with a master plan of installing 15,000 megawatts (MW) of coal energy by 2030, which could potentially increase the country's current carbon dioxide emissions by 160 percent. Jeremy Hance 23.712439 90.417366 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12388 2013-11-15T16:23:00Z 2013-11-15T16:26:41Z Coal's future carbon costs may make it more expensive than wind energy <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/1115Wind-Farm150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>At first glance, a recent report from the U.S. White House on the social cost of carbon reads like a daunting economics exam. A small chart poses the first question about the price tag policymakers attach to future greenhouse gas emissions: Does each metric ton of carbon that billows into the air cost $11, $33 or $52? The answer is all of the above. Rhett Butler 37.733526 -121.651572 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12382 2013-11-14T20:05:00Z 2013-11-15T13:34:36Z Is Australia becoming the new Canada in terms of climate inaction? For many concerned about climate change, Australia has suddenly become the new Canada. With the election of Tony Abbott as Prime Minister in September, the land down under has taken a sudden U-turn on climate policy, including pushing to end its fledgling carbon emissions program which was only implemented in 2012 and cutting funding for renewable energy. These move come at a time when Australia has just undergone its warmest 12 months on record and suffered from record bushfires. Jeremy Hance -35.280485 149.129999 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12321 2013-11-06T17:31:00Z 2013-11-06T17:49:46Z CO2 concentrations hit new high last year The concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere hit a record high last year, according to a new report by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). While this was not a surprise given still-rising global emissions, the concentration rose significantly more than the average this decade. According to the WMO's annual greenhouse gas bulletin, CO2 concentrations hit 393.1 parts per million (ppm) in 2012. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12316 2013-11-05T17:08:00Z 2013-11-06T16:38:06Z Zoos join fossil fuel divestment movement Last month, over a hundred representatives from zoos and aquariums around the world joined climate activism group, 350.org, pledging that their institutions would take action against global warming, including the possibility of divesting from fossil fuel companies. The effort, dubbed Zoos and Aquariums for 350, was launched during the annual meeting of the Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (CBSG). Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12293 2013-10-31T15:23:00Z 2013-10-31T15:46:23Z 'Remarkable year': could 2012 mark the beginning of a carbon emissions slowdown? Global carbon dioxide emissions hit another new record of 34.5 billion tons last year, according to a new report by the Netherlands Environment Assessment Agency and the European Commission's Joint Research Centre, but there may be a silver lining. Dubbing 2012 a "remarkable year," the report found that the rate of carbon emission's rise slowed considerably even as economic growth continued upward. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12175 2013-10-08T13:45:00Z 2013-10-08T13:55:22Z Divestment campaign could cause considerable damage to fossil fuel industry A campaign to persuade investors to take their money out of the fossil fuel sector is growing faster than any previous divestment campaign and could cause significant damage to coal, oil and gas companies, according to a study from the University of Oxford. The report compares the current fossil fuel divestment campaign, which has attracted 41 institutions since 2010, with those against tobacco, apartheid in South Africa, armaments, gambling and pornography. It concludes that the direct financial impact of such campaigns on share prices or the ability to raise funds is small but the reputational damage can still have major financial consequences. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12151 2013-10-01T13:42:00Z 2013-10-01T13:47:51Z Clock is ticking on fossil fuels: for first time IPCC scientists outline global carbon budget <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1001.World_energy_consumption.svg.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The world's leading climate scientists have set out in detail for the first time how much more carbon dioxide humans can pour into the atmosphere without triggering dangerous levels of climate change&#8212;and concluded that more than half of that global allowance has been used up. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12130 2013-09-26T14:14:00Z 2013-09-26T14:34:50Z Global society must leave fossil fuels in the ground, unburnt, says top official World governments must get used to the idea of leaving fossil fuel reserves in the ground unexploited and unburned, one of the world's most senior diplomats has said, ahead of a landmark report on climate science to be unveiled this Friday by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The former Irish president and UN high commissioner for human rights, Mary Robinson, is to spearhead a new international push aimed at breaking the climate talks deadlock and silencing skeptics, with a group of senior diplomats and politicians from around the world. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12024 2013-09-05T19:05:00Z 2013-09-05T21:47:27Z Organization proposes climate change warning labels at the gas pump <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0905warning150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Rob Shirkey is the founder of the Toronto-based, not-for-profit organization Our Horizon. Inspired by his grandfather's last words to him, "Do what you love," Shirkey quit his job and founded the organization. Our Horizon is founded on the basis that we are all responsible for global climate change through our daily collective choices. It endeavors to influence those choices, specifically with the goal of convincing municipalities to require climate change warning labels on gasoline pumps. Tiffany Roufs 43.656943 -79.390183 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12020 2013-09-04T21:24:00Z 2015-02-11T23:40:21Z Tools against climate change: carbon tax and cap-and-trade Climate-conscious folk agree that atmospheric carbon concentration is a key greenhouse gas and a large factor in global climate change. However, there are discrepancies in the methods chosen to address the problem. Some say that carbon emissions should be banned. Some say fossil fuels should be priced. Others say that there are nuances within each. Which tools can we realistically use to mitigate climate change and the drastic effects it will have on our world? Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11973 2013-08-28T15:21:00Z 2015-02-11T23:38:28Z Bad feedback: ocean acidification to worsen global warming As if ocean acidification and climate change weren't troubling enough (both of which are caused by still-rising carbon emissions), new research published in Nature finds that ocean acidification will eventually exacerbate global warming, further raising the Earth's temperature. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11940 2013-08-19T21:03:00Z 2013-08-19T21:10:53Z Featured video: temperature rises across North America by 2100 A new short video predicts temperature changes across North America depending on the future of greenhouse gas emissions. Produced by NASA, the first series shows average temperatures changes (relative to 1970-1999) based on carbon dioxide levels hitting 550 parts per million (ppm) in the atmosphere by 2100. The second, even more dramatic series, shows changes if levels hit 800 ppm by the end of the century. Earlier this year, carbon dioxide levels hit 400 ppm for the first time in around 5 million years, which is longer than humans have been around. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11934 2013-08-19T13:05:00Z 2013-08-19T13:19:06Z China pledges $275 billion over 5 years to cut record air pollution Last week China announced it was going to spend over a quarter of a trillion dollars ($275 billion) to fight rampant and life-threatening pollution in its urban centers over the next five years. Recent decades of unparalleled economic growth has taken a drastic environmental toll in China, including record air pollution levels in Beijing. The announcement follows other news, including that the Chinese government has recently scrapped a massive 2,000 megawatt coal plant project near the cities of Hong Kong and Shenzhen. Jeremy Hance 39.887611 116.408157 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11864 2013-08-01T15:17:00Z 2013-08-01T15:30:56Z Drastic cuts to greenhouse gases could save hundreds of U.S. cities from watery grave <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0801.456px-KatrinaNewOrleansFlooded_edit2.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>More than 1,700 American cities and towns – including Boston, New York, and Miami – are at greater risk from rising sea levels than previously feared, a new study has found. By 2100, the future of at least part of these 1,700 locations will be "locked in" by greenhouse gas emissions built up in the atmosphere, the analysis published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on Monday found. Jeremy Hance 26.133864 -80.131588 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11798 2013-07-22T19:04:00Z 2013-07-22T19:14:25Z Yukon Flats experiencing more wildfires now than in the last 10,000 years The Yukon Flats area of Alaska is today burning more frequently and severely than it has in the last 10,000 years, according to new research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). Looking at charcoal fragments from 14 deep lakes in the region, scientists were able to reconstruct the fire history of this particular forest, which covers around 2,000 square kilometers. Scientists have long warned that as the temperature worldwide continue to rise from climate change, wildfires are likely to become more common. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11789 2013-07-19T00:18:00Z 2013-07-19T01:54:04Z Panel lays out best practices for REDD+ credits in California's carbon market A panel of scientific experts has released a final report outlining how carbon credits generated from tropical forest conservation could be used under California's cap-and-trade system while minimizing risks to forest-dependent communities and wildlife. Rhett Butler 38.581251 -121.492752 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11711 2013-07-03T13:16:00Z 2013-07-05T17:15:07Z Australia terminates landmark REDD+ project in Borneo Australia is ending its major forest restoration project in Indonesian Borneo, reports the <i>Sydney Morning Herald</i>. Rhett Butler -1.872835 114.408646 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11645 2013-06-25T20:53:00Z 2013-06-25T21:29:31Z After long wait, Obama lays out fight against climate change <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/Hurricane_Sandy_New_Jersey_Pier.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Five years after being elected president and six months after winning a second term, President Obama today gave his first speech devoted solely to climate change and announced several executive actions to begin weaning the United States (historically the largest emitter of greenhouse gases) off fossil fuels. At Georgetown University today, Obama stated that his administration would expand renewable energy projects on federal lands, raise energy efficiency standards on appliances, and, most importantly, limit carbon pollution from both existing and new power plants, which represent about 40 percent of the U.S.'s emissions. Obama also noted that the U.S. would spearhead global efforts to combat climate change which is pushing sea levels higher, melting glaciers and sea ice, exacerbating fires, imperiling species, and worsening extreme weather worldwide. Jeremy Hance 38.908267 -77.071971 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11619 2013-06-19T17:18:00Z 2015-02-11T23:08:01Z Conserving top predators results in less CO2 in the air <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0619.carbon.predators.1_Spider.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>What does a wolf in Yellowstone National Park have in common with an ambush spider on a meadow in Connecticut? Both are predators and thus eat herbivores, such as elk (in the case of wolves) and grasshoppers (in the case of spiders). Elk and grasshoppers also have more in common than you probably imagine: they both consume large quantities of plant matter. While scientists have long-known that predators lead to carbon storage by reducing herbivore populations, a new study reveals a novel way in which top predators cause an ecosystem to store more carbon. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11609 2013-06-14T18:40:00Z 2013-06-15T04:40:20Z Logging may destabilize carbon in forest soils Logging in temperate zones may release more greenhouse gases than previously thought by destabilizing carbon stored in forest soils, argues a new paper published in the journal Global Change Biology-Bioenergy. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11573 2013-06-10T21:05:00Z 2013-06-10T21:11:53Z CO2 emissions hit record in 2012 Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels use hit a record in 2012, according to a new report from the International Energy Agency (IEA). Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11555 2013-06-06T18:12:00Z 2013-07-04T13:57:48Z Southern U.S. logging soars to meet foreign biofuel demand <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay.s3.amazonaws.com/louisiana/150/louisiana_0259.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>In order to meet the European Union's goal of 20% renewables by 2020, some European utility companies are moving away from coal and replacing it with wood pellet fuel. The idea is simple: trees will regrow and recapture the carbon released in the burning of wood pellets, making the process supposedly carbon-neutral. But just like other simple ideas, it misses out important details that can turn it on its head. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11553 2013-06-06T12:34:00Z 2013-06-10T02:14:58Z Brazil's GHG emissions fall 39% since 2005, now 10% below 1990 levels Brazil’s greenhouse-gas emissions dropped 39 percent between 2005 and 2010, largely due to a reduction in deforestation, reports an inventory released yesterday by the Brazilian government. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11534 2013-05-31T17:34:00Z 2013-05-31T17:37:24Z Higher CO2 levels cause 'greening' from fertilization effect Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels has triggered 'greening' in arid regions around the world due to a fertilization effect that has increased plant growth, reports a new study published in <i>Geophysical Research Letters</i>. Rhett Butler