tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:/xml/bolivia1 Bolivia news from mongabay.com 2014-07-15T16:35:27Z tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13521 2014-07-09T21:23:00Z 2014-07-15T16:35:27Z A garden or a wilderness? One-fifth of the Amazon may have been savannah before the arrival of Europeans <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay/jlh/ecuador/Yasuni.150/Yasuni_128.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The Amazon is the largest tropical forest on the planet, covering about 6.5 million square kilometers, although much has been lost in recent decades.Yet new research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) finds that quite recently&#8212;just 500 years ago&#8212;a significant portion of the southern Amazon was not the tall-canopied forest it is today, but savannah. Jeremy Hance -12.770027 -64.469834 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13448 2014-06-25T19:39:00Z 2014-06-26T16:06:40Z Size matters: small animals abundant in fragmented forests, large animals not <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0625-fox-thumb.png" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Habitat fragmentation and hunting are both distinct critical issues facing forests today that require their own countermeasures. Yet, much research has chosen to conflate the two, potentially leading to ineffective ecosystem management. According to a new study, the interaction of both factors can contradict the effects of hunting and fragmentation alone, revealing a research and management gap that urgently needs to be filled. Morgan Erickson-Davis -16.988974 -59.330647 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13115 2014-04-21T22:19:00Z 2014-04-22T19:19:20Z NASA detects surge in deforestation in Malaysia, Bolivia during first quarter of 2014 Forest disturbance in Malaysia, Bolivia, Panama, and Ecuador surged during the first quarter of 2014, according to NASA data. Rhett Butler 0.887111 112.314209 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13081 2014-04-14T18:08:00Z 2014-04-14T18:30:55Z Ants plant rainforests, one seed at a time <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0414-antseed-thumb.JPG" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Deforestation is destroying forests around the world, but its effects are especially obvious in the Amazon Basin. Due to cattle ranching, soybean farming, logging, and slash-and-burn agriculture, the rainforest is disappearing at a rapid pace. But a recent study published in the Journal of Ecology offers a unique solution to replanting the deforested landscapes: ants. Morgan Erickson-Davis -11.216606 -67.295734 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/13061 2014-04-08T22:47:00Z 2014-04-08T23:06:28Z Emissions from rainforest logging average 16% of those from deforestation <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://www.mongabay.com/images/gabon/150/gabon_2655.JPG" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Carbon emissions from selective logging operations in tropical rainforests are roughly a sixth of those from outright forest clearing, finds a new study that evaluated 13 forestry concessions in six countries. The study analyzed carbon losses from elements of logging operations, including timber extraction, collateral damage to surrounding vegetation, and logging infrastructure like roads and skid trails. Rhett Butler 2.742787 -57.467165 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12938 2014-03-16T21:14:00Z 2014-03-19T03:09:26Z Controversial Amazon dams may have exacerbated biblical flooding <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/14/0319bolivia-flood150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Environmentalists and scientists raised howls of protest when the Santo Antônio and Jirau Dams were proposed for the Western Amazon in Brazil, claiming among other issues that the dams would raise water levels on the Madeira River, potentially leading to catastrophic flooding. It turns out they may have been right: last week a federal Brazilian court ordered a new environmental impact study on the dams given suspicion that they have worsened recent flooding in Brazil and across the border in Bolivia. Jeremy Hance 9.1600 64.3857 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12593 2014-01-02T18:49:00Z 2014-01-02T20:01:53Z Good news: Refuge for last blue-throated macaws doubles in size in Bolivia A reserve that is home to the world's largest population of the critically endangered blue-throated macaw (<i>Ara glaucogularis</i>) has been more than doubled in size, reports the American Bird Conservancy (ABC), a group that helped fund the expansion. Rhett Butler -14.051331 -65.188236 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12304 2013-11-01T21:22:00Z 2013-11-01T21:25:07Z Bolivia, Madagascar, China see jump in forest loss Loss of forest cover increased sharply in Bolivia, Madagascar, and Ecuador during the third quarter of 2013, according to an update from NASA scientists. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12246 2013-10-24T14:20:00Z 2013-10-24T14:25:26Z Featured video: bears work together to take down camera traps <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/1024.andeanbears.camera.-AM.150..jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Scientists with the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) have captured stunning images of Andean bear families taking down camera traps in Bolivia's Apolobamba National Natural Area of Integrated Management. In one series of images a mother and her two cubs bite, claw, and whack one of the cameras. However even as they destroy one camera, the bears' antics are captured by another as researchers typically set several cameras to capture different views of animals, a process that helps them identify individuals. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/12055 2013-09-11T16:56:00Z 2014-02-22T02:05:18Z Scientists discover that threatened bird migrates entirely within Amazon Basin <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0911.689px-Orinoco_Goose.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>When one thinks of bird migrations, it's usually a north-south route that follows seasonal climates. But researchers in the Amazon have tracked, for the first time, a largely-unknown long-distance migration that sticks entirely to the Amazon Basin. Using satellite telemetry, scientists tracked a pair of Orinoco geese (Neochen jubata) from Peru and a male from Western Brazil, who both migrated to the Llanos de Moxos, a vast savanna and Amazonian watershed in Bolivia. The research has shown that the Orinoco geese&#8212;which breeds in both Peru and Brazil&#8212;depends on wetlands in the Llanos de Moxos for much of the year. Jeremy Hance -12.803767 -65.433426 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11984 2013-09-01T20:09:00Z 2013-09-01T20:18:01Z $450/ha tax on deforestation could help curb forest loss in Bolivia, suggests new simulation Levying a $450 per hectare tax on deforested lands could help curb forest clearing in Bolivia, suggests a new game-based simulation developed by researchers. Rhett Butler -17.111922 -60.716143 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11929 2013-08-16T18:11:00Z 2013-08-16T19:08:27Z Deforestation alerts for Madagascar, DRC, Bolivia during Q2-2013 Loss of forest, woodland, and savanna increased sharply in Madagascar, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Bolivia during the second quarter of 2013, reports a new assessment by NASA scientists. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11816 2013-07-23T18:02:00Z 2013-07-23T18:08:19Z Fairy armadillo, Count Branickii’s terrible mouse, among 116 mammals documented in Bolivia The Count Branickii’s terrible mouse, the Chacoan fairy armadillo, and the more familiar jaguar are among 116 species of medium to large mammals whose distribution in Bolivia is documented in a new database put together by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS). Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11654 2013-06-26T21:41:00Z 2014-02-12T22:15:31Z Deforestation rates for Amazon countries outside Brazil <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0626-amazon-deforestation-accumulated-by-country-150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Deforestation has sharply increased in Amazon countries outside of Brazil, finds a new analysis based on satellite data. Using data from Terra-i, O-Eco's InfoAmazonia team has developed updated forest cover maps for Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, French Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela. The results reveal an increasing trend in forest clearing since 2004. Rhett Butler -10.833306 -71.7334 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11558 2013-06-12T17:44:00Z 2013-06-12T18:03:36Z Bird extravaganza: scientists discover 15 new species of birds in the Amazon From 2000-2009, scientists described on average seven new bird species worldwide every year. Discovering a new bird is one of the least common of any species group, given that birds are highly visible, mobile, and have been scrutinized for centuries by passionate ornithologists and birders. But descriptions this year already blows away the record year over the last decade (in 2001 when nine new birds were described): scientists working in the southern Amazon have recorded an incredible 15 new species of birds according to the Portuguese publication <i>Capa Aves</i>. In fact, this is the largest group of new birds uncovered in the Brazilian in the Amazon in 140 years. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11498 2013-05-28T19:01:00Z 2013-05-28T19:14:36Z Featured video: giant anteater wallowing and scratching like a dog Scientists have recently taken rare and incredible footage of a giant anteater with a camera trap in the Barba Azul Nature Reserve of Bolivia. This footage captures a giant anteater wallowing in a pit of mud. The animal lies down, rolling around and scratching itself, for a period of, what seems to be, over a minute. Tiffany Roufs tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/11341 2013-05-02T17:17:00Z 2013-05-02T18:15:38Z Is it possible to reduce the impact of oil drilling in the Amazon rainforest? <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/13/0502oilpipeline.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Oil extraction in the Amazon rainforest has been linked to severe environmental degradation &#8212; including deforestation and pollution &#8212; which in some areas has spurred violent social conflict. Yet a vast extent of the Colombian, Peruvian, Ecuadorian, Bolivian, and Brazilian Amazon is currently under concession for oil and gas exploration and production. It seems clear that much of this hydrocarbon development is going to proceed whether environmentalists and human rights groups like it or not. Rhett Butler -2.344926 -76.159973 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10961 2013-03-04T15:31:00Z 2013-03-11T17:30:31Z Bolivia leads the way in wetland protection <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/Capybara_Bolivie.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Bolivia continues to be a champion for Amazonian conservation. On February 2, 2013, Bolivia celebrated World Wetlands Day with the designation of more than 6.9 million hectares of the Llanos de Moxos to the Ramsar Convention's Wetlands of International Importance. In addition to being the largest Ramsar designation to date, Bolivia now claims 14.8 million hectares of protected wetland, making it the leading Contracting Party out of 164 participating countries in terms of Ramsar site surface area. Jeremy Hance -13.058075 -65.881119 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10898 2013-02-20T18:09:00Z 2013-02-23T23:10:27Z First strike: nearly 200 illegal loggers arrested in massive sting across 12 countries One-hundred-and-ninety-seven illegal loggers across a dozen Central and South American countries have been arrested during INTERPOL's first strike against widespread forestry crime. INTERPOL, or The International Criminal Police Organization, worked with local police forces to take a first crack at illegal logging. In all the effort, known as Operation Lead, resulted in the seizure of 50,000 cubic meters of wood worth around $8 million. Jeremy Hance 45.782669 4.848661 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10894 2013-02-19T14:55:00Z 2013-03-25T20:21:48Z Jaguars, tapirs, oh my!: Amazon explorer films shocking wildlife bonanza in threatened forest <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/0219.jaguar.Screen-Shot-2013-02-07-at-8.56.21-AM.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Watching a new video by Amazon explorer, Paul Rosolie, one feels transported into a hidden world of stalking jaguars, heavyweight tapirs, and daylight-wandering giant armadillos. This is the Amazon as one imagines it as a child: still full of wild things. In just four weeks at a single colpa (or clay lick where mammals and birds gather) on the lower Las Piedras River, Rosolie and his team captured 30 Amazonian species on video, including seven imperiled species. However, the very spot Rosolie and his team filmed is under threat: the lower Las Piedras River is being infiltrated by loggers, miners, and farmers following the construction of the Trans-Amazon highway. Jeremy Hance -12.055437 -69.818916 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10771 2013-01-28T00:50:00Z 2013-01-28T02:17:50Z Bolivia takes step to boost agriculture and curb surging deforestation <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://travel.mongabay.com/brazil/150/brazil_0571.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Bolivia has passed a land use law that aims to boost food security and slow deforestation in a region that is wracked by illegal forest clearing. Approved earlier this month, Ley 337 seeks to regulate land use in the Bolivian Amazon where deforestation for industrial agricultural production is surging. The law requires landowners who illegally deforested land prior to 2011 to either reforest or establish 'productive agriculture' on the land and pay reduced fines for past transgressions. Rhett Butler -18.255437 -62.410583 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10739 2013-01-22T19:46:00Z 2013-01-22T20:00:14Z Photos: Scientists discover tapir bonanza in the Amazon <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/13/tapir-camera-trap-2.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Over 14,000 lowland tapirs (Tapirus terrestris), also known as Brazilian tapirs, roam an Amazonian landscape across Bolivia and Peru, according to new research by scientists with the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS). Using remote camera trapping, thousands of distribution records, and interviews, the researchers estimated the abundance of lowland tapirs in the Greater Madidi-Tambopata Landscape Conservation Program made up of three national parks in Bolivia (Madidi, Pilón Lajas and Apolobamba) and two in Peru (Tambopata and Bahuaja Sonene). Jeremy Hance -14.269208 -68.408564 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10738 2013-01-22T17:44:00Z 2013-01-22T18:01:46Z Climate change melting glaciers in the Andes Glaciers are melting faster than ever in the tropical Andes, warns a new study published in The Cryosphere, which puts the blame for vanishing glaciers squarely on climate change. The study &#8212; the most comprehensive to date &#8212; found that since the 1970s glacier melt in the region has been speeding up, threatening freshwater supplies in Peru and Bolivia. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10540 2012-12-08T03:38:00Z 2012-12-23T22:00:03Z 108 million ha of Amazon rainforest up for oil and gas exploration, development Concessions for oil and gas exploration and extraction are proliferating across Amazon countries, reports a comprehensive new atlas of the region. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10527 2012-12-06T01:54:00Z 2013-02-24T03:30:47Z Deforestation rate falls across Amazon rainforest countries <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay/peru/150/peru_aerial_1821.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The average annual rate of deforestation across Amazon rainforest countries dropped sharply in the second half of the 2000s, reports a comprehensive new assessment of the region's forest cover and drivers of deforestation. While the drop in deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon has been widely reported, several other Amazon countries saw their rates of forest loss drop as well, according to the report, which was published by a coalition of 11 Latin American civil society groups and research institutions that form the Amazonian Network of Georeferenced Socio-Environmental Information (RAISG). Rhett Butler -6.293459 -52.426758 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10181 2012-09-21T13:50:00Z 2014-02-20T21:52:36Z New forest map shows 6% of Amazon deforested between 2000 and 2010 <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://mongabay-images.s3.amazonaws.com/12/0921raisg150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>An update to one of the most comprehensive maps of the Amazon basin shows that forest cover across the world's largest rainforest declined by about six percent between 2000 and 2010. But the map also reveals hopeful signs that recognition of protected areas and native lands across the eight countries and one department that make up the Amazon is improving, with conservation and indigenous territories now covering nearly half of its land mass. Rhett Butler -8.624472 -66.062508 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10126 2012-09-12T19:14:00Z 2012-09-12T19:41:48Z Pictures: Bolivian park may have the world's highest biodiversity <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay-images/12/0912-2-Butterfly-2-Mileniusz-Spanowicz.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>With over 90 species of bat, 50 species of snake, 300 fish, 12,000 plants, and 11 percent of the world's bird species, Madidi National Park in Bolivia may be the world's most biodiverse place, according to new surveys by the the Bolivian Park Service (SERNAP) with aid from the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS). Jeremy Hance -14.176523 -68.311844 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10092 2012-09-04T19:20:00Z 2012-09-04T19:28:37Z Bolivia should prioritize cattle ranching, law enforcement in deforestation fight Bolivia should prioritize environmental law enforcement and slowing expansion of large-scale cattle ranching to reduce Amazon deforestation, argues a study published last month by researchers from Germany and the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR). Rhett Butler -10.412183 -65.13327 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10058 2012-08-23T13:47:00Z 2012-08-23T13:59:19Z Animal picture of the day: Critically Endangered macaws Found in only one location in northern Bolivia, the blue-throated macaw (Ara glaucogularis) is thought to number little more than 100 individuals in the wild. However the species is protected from utter extinction by a much larger captive population. Jeremy Hance -13.710035 -65.067444 tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10049 2012-08-22T13:28:00Z 2012-08-22T13:47:36Z Flooded savannas in Latin America shrinking 3 times faster than rainforests Flooded grasslands and savannas in Latin America are disappearing nearly three times faster than tropical rainforests in the region, finds a new study published in the journal <i>Biotropica</i>. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/10042 2012-08-21T13:26:00Z 2012-08-22T03:14:29Z Dry forests disappearing faster than rainforests in Latin America Countries across Latin America lost 78,000 square kilometers of subtropical and tropical dry broadleaf forests between 2001 and 2010, according to a new satellite-based assessment published in the journal <i>Biotropica</i>. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/9468 2012-05-02T16:07:00Z 2012-05-02T16:10:39Z Animal picture of the day: the prehistoric peccary The Chacoan peccary (Catagonus wagneri) was only known from fossils and thought extinct, perhaps a victim of the megafaunal extinction that ended the Pleistocene, until researchers in the 1970s stumbled on a living population in Argentina. While peccaries look like and are distantly related to the pig species that originated in the Old World, they belong to their own family, the Tayassuidae. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/9041 2012-02-01T23:49:00Z 2012-02-01T23:50:49Z Majority of Andes' biodiversity hotspots remain unprotected <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://s3.amazonaws.com/mongabay/peru/150/peru_aerial_0054.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Around 80 percent of the Andes' most biodiverse and important ecosystems are unprotected according to a new paper published in the open-access journal BMC Ecology. Looking at a broad range of ecosystems across the Andes in Peru and Bolivia, the study found that 226 endemic species, those found no-where else, were afforded no protection whatsoever. Yet time is running out, as Andean ecosystems are undergoing incredible strain: a combination of climate change and habitat destruction may be pushing many species into ever-shrinking pockets of habitat until they literally have no-where to go. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/9032 2012-01-30T18:20:00Z 2012-01-30T18:22:06Z Picture of the day: the world's largest bromeliad Found in the Andes of Peru and Bolivia, the world's biggest bromeliad Puya raimondii is imperiled by climate change and human disturbances. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/8889 2011-12-22T16:31:00Z 2011-12-22T17:42:42Z Top 10 Environmental Stories of 2011 <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://photos.mongabay.com/j/Sunny_Skies_over_the_Arctic_in_Late_June_2010.NASA.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Many of 2011's most dramatic stories on environmental issues came from people taking to the streets. With governments and corporations slow to tackle massive environmental problems, people have begun to assert themselves. Victories were seen on four continents: in Bolivia a draconian response to protestors embarrassed the government, causing them to drop plans to build a road through Tipnis, an indigenous Amazonian reserve; in Myanmar, a nation not known for bowing to public demands, large protests pushed the government to cancel a massive Chinese hydroelectric project; in Borneo a three-year struggle to stop the construction of a coal plant on the coast of the Coral Triangle ended in victory for activists; in Britain plans to privatize forests created such a public outcry that the government not only pulled back but also apologized; and in the U.S. civil disobedience and massive marches pressured the Obama Administration to delay a decision on the controversial Keystone XL pipeline, which would bring tar sands from Canada to a global market. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/8885 2011-12-21T19:27:00Z 2011-12-21T21:34:46Z Animal picture of the day: rare photo of mother jaguar and cubs <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://photos.mongabay.com/j/3X4T7779-corr1.j150.pg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A mother jaguar, named Kaaiyana by scientists, and cubs were recently photographed in Kaa Iya National Park in Bolivia. "Kaaiyana’s tolerance of observers is a testimony to the absence of hunters in this area, and her success as a mother means there is plenty of food for her and her cubs to eat," said John Polisar, coordinator of Wildlife Conservation Society’s (WCS) Jaguar Conservation Program. WCS released the photos. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/8766 2011-11-30T03:35:00Z 2011-11-30T03:43:43Z REDD at a crossroads in Bolivia Bolivia has a central role in the debate over how to shape the reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) mechanism, argues a new report published by the Democracy Center. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/8739 2011-11-27T15:49:00Z 2011-11-27T16:09:16Z 8 Amazon countries pledge more coordination in rainforest conservation Eight Amazon countries pledged greater cooperation in efforts to protect the world's largest rainforest from deforestation and illegal mining and logging, reports <i>AFP</i>. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/8586 2011-10-23T18:06:00Z 2011-10-23T18:31:50Z Bolivian road project through Amazon reserve canceled Following a violent crackdown on protestors which deeply embarrassed the Bolivian government, president Evo Morales has thrown-out plans to build a road through an indigenous reserve, reports the BBC. Protestors marched 310 miles (498 kilometers) from the Amazon to La Paz to show their opposition to the road, saying that the project would destroy vast areas of biodiverse rainforest and open up their land to illegal settlers. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/8572 2011-10-19T19:06:00Z 2011-10-19T19:30:19Z Picture of the day: jaguars take self-portraits in Bolivia <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://photos.mongabay.com/j/wcs.jaguar.cameratrap.1.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A study by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) in Bolivia's Madidi National Park has produced 19 jaguar 'self-portraits' via digital cameras that snap photos of wildlife when they cross an infrared beam, known as camera traps. This is the most jaguars catalogued by camera trap study yet in Bolivia. "The preliminary results of this new expedition underscore the importance of the Madidi landscape to jaguars and other charismatic rainforest species," said Dr. Julie Kunen, Director of WCS’s Latin America and Caribbean Program, in a press release. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/8451 2011-09-27T20:52:00Z 2011-10-03T18:50:57Z Following violent crackdown against protestors, Bolivia puts Amazon road project on ice After a police crackdown against indigenous activists, Bolivian President Evo Morales has suspended a large highway project through the Amazon rainforest. The police reaction&#8212;which included tear gas, rounding up protestors en masse, and allegations of violence&#8212;resulted in several officials stepping down in protest of the government's handling. Some indigenous people marched 310 miles (498 kilometers) from the Amazon to La Paz to show solidarity against the road, saying they had not been consulted and the project would destroy vast areas of biodiverse rainforest. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/8369 2011-09-07T15:21:00Z 2011-09-07T15:21:59Z Cute animal picture of the day: baby Bolivian gray titi monkey The Bolivian gray titi monkey (Callicebus donacophilus) is found in a small area of the Amazon in Bolivia and Brazil. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/8306 2011-08-21T17:09:00Z 2011-10-03T18:40:20Z Indigenous protestors embark on 300-mile walk to protest Amazon road in Bolivia Indigenous protesters are targeting a new road in the Bolivian Amazon, reports the BBC. The 190-mile highway under construction in the Bolivian Amazon will pass through the Isiboro-Secure Indigenous Territory and National Park (Tipnis), a 4,600-square mile (11,900 square kilometers) preserve which boasts exceptional levels of rainforest biodiversity, including endangered blue macaws and fresh-water dolphins. Indigenous peoples who live in Tipnis are participating in a month-long protest march against the road, which they claim violates their right to self-governance. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/8185 2011-07-20T13:29:00Z 2011-07-20T13:31:51Z NASA image shows it snowing in driest place on earth A snowstorm engulfed parts of the driest place on earth this month: the Atacama desert in South America. Images captured by NASA's Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on Terra Satellite show parts of the landscape covered in white. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/7648 2011-03-28T17:25:00Z 2011-03-28T17:57:26Z How to save the Pantanal and increase profits for the cattle industry <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://photos.mongabay.com/j/brazil_1314.150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>The Pantanal spanning Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay is the world's largest wetland—the size of Florida—and home to a wide-variety of charismatic species, such as jaguars, capybaras, and giant anteaters. However, the great wetland is threatened by expansion in big agriculture and an increasingly intensive cattle industry. Yet there is hope: a new study by Wildlife Conservation Society of Brazil (WCS-Brazil) researchers has found that cattle and the ecosystem can exist harmoniously. By replacing current practices with rotational grazing, cattle ranchers gain a healthier herd and more profits while safeguarding the ecological integrity and wildlife of the world's largest wetland system. The study published in mongabay.com's open access journal <i>Tropical Conservation Science</i> is a rare instance of a win-win situation. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/7227 2010-12-28T14:00:00Z 2010-12-28T21:29:48Z New plan underway to save South America's migratory grassland birds A meeting between government representatives, scientists, and conservationists in Asuncion, Paraguay this month resulted in the adoption of an action plan to provide urgently needed conservation framework for the migratory birds of South America's disappearing grasslands. Morgan Erickson-Davis tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/7190 2010-12-19T00:46:00Z 2010-12-19T07:57:38Z Climate change could cut premontane forests of Argentina and Bolivia in half A new study in mongabay.com's open access journal <i>Tropical Conservation Science</i> finds that the premontane forests of Argentina and Bolivia are susceptible to large-scale shifts due to climate change, losing over half of the ecosystem to warmer temperatures. Apart of the Yungas tropical forests, premontane forests are the lowest in the Andes, covering hills and flatland; these forests harbor significant biodiversity, yet many of those species may become threatened as the world warms. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/7097 2010-11-23T18:11:00Z 2010-11-23T18:13:48Z Record number of nations hit all time temperature highs To date, nineteen nations have hit or matched record high temperatures this year, according to Jeff Master's Wunder Blog, making 2010 the only year to have so many national records. In contrast, no nation this year has hit a record cold temperature. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/7089 2010-11-22T07:04:00Z 2010-11-22T07:35:07Z Cancún Climate Summit: Time for a New Geopolitical Architecture As we approach crucial climate change negotiations in Cancún, Mexico the key question on many people’s minds is this: what nation or nations will have the courage to stand up to the United States, which still represents the key obstacle to a binding agreement on global warming? If it looked unlikely that the U.S. would reduce carbon emissions before, the recent midterm elections have made such a possibility seem even more remote: many incoming Republican legislators simply deny that global warming exists. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/7047 2010-11-11T19:07:00Z 2010-11-15T23:08:26Z Evo Morales for the Nobel Prize? Does Evo Morales merit a Nobel peace prize for his admirable work on climate justice? Former prize winners, as well as the Bolivian Congress, believe he deserves it and both have launched an international campaign on behalf of Bolivia’s indigenous president. In April of this year, Morales helped to organize the First World People’s Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth, which drew a whopping 35,000 people to the Bolivian city of Cochabamba. Designed as a kind of counter summit to the official Copenhagen conference of 2009, which proved a debacle in terms of reining in climate change, Cochabamba represented a milestone in social mobilization. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/7014 2010-11-07T23:05:00Z 2010-11-07T23:10:27Z Eight new plants discovered in Bolivia Researchers have described eight new species of plant from in and near Madidi National Park in the Bolivian Andes. Described in the journal <i>Novon</i> by botanists with the Missouri Botanical Garden and the National Herbaium in Laz Paz, Bolivia, seven of the eight plants were found as apart of the Proyecto Madidi (Project Madidi), a ten year effort to describe the plant species of three inter-connecting protected areas in Bolivia—Madidi National Park, Pilón Lajas Biosphere Reserve and Communal Lands, and Apolobamba Integrated Management Natural Area. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/6950 2010-10-26T02:38:00Z 2010-10-26T04:02:26Z Life shocker: new species discovered every three days in the Amazon <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://photos.mongabay.com/10/1025frog.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>A new report by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) confirms the Amazon rainforest, even as it is shrinking due to deforestation, remains among the world's most surprising places. According to the report, <i>Amazon Alive</i>, over the past decade (1999-2009) researchers have found 1,200 new species in the Amazon: one new species for every three days. Not surprisingly invertebrates, including insects, made up the bulk of new discoveries. But no type of species was left out: from 1999-2009 researchers discovered 637 new plants, 357 fish, 216 amphibians, 55 reptiles, 39 mammals, and 16 new birds. In new discoveries over the past decade, the Amazon has beaten out a number of high-biodiversity contenders including Borneo, the Eastern Himalayas, and the Congo rainforest. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/6691 2010-08-31T23:49:00Z 2010-09-01T02:49:23Z NASA: surge in Amazon fires The number of fire hotspots has surged in the Bolivian and Brazilian parts of the Amazon, reveals data and imagery from NASA. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/6684 2010-08-31T00:57:00Z 2010-09-19T17:41:06Z Cold snap may have killed millions of fish in Bolivia, poisoning rivers Although the last few months have been some of the warmest worldwide on record, including 17 countries reaching or breaking all-time highs, temperatures have not been above average everywhere. Cold air from Antarctica has brought chilling temperatures to parts of South America, including Bolivia where millions of fish and thousands of caimans, turtles, and river dolphins have perished according to <i>Nature Communications</i>. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/6643 2010-08-19T18:14:00Z 2010-09-19T16:27:38Z 146 dams threaten Amazon basin Although developers and government often tout dams as environmentally-friendly energy sources, this is not always the case. Dams impact river flows, changing ecosystems indefinitely; they may flood large areas forcing people and wildlife to move; and in the tropics they can also become massive source of greenhouse gases due to emissions of methane. Despite these concerns, the Amazon basin—the world's largest tropical rainforest—is being seen as prime development for hydropower projects. Currently five nations—Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru—are planning over 146 big dams in the Amazon Basin. Some of these dams would flood pristine rainforests, others threaten indigenous people, and all would change the Amazonian ecosystem. Now a new website, Dams in Amazonia, outlines the sites and impacts of these dams with an interactive map. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/6395 2010-06-28T21:30:00Z 2010-06-28T21:53:27Z Photos: researchers uncover top priority areas for Bolivian primates <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://photos.mongabay.com/j/Emperor_Tamarin_2734.thumb.JPG" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Employing a predictive model, researchers have located two areas in need of protection to ensure the survival of Bolivia's primate species. The study, published in <i>Tropical Conservation Science</i>, identified the potential distribution of Bolivia's 22 primates and discovered two priority regions, one in the Pando Department with a number of rare primates, and the other in Western Beni, home to two primate species that live no-where else. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/5994 2010-04-23T06:27:00Z 2010-04-23T06:36:07Z Alternative Climate Summit, Machu Picchu, and El Niño: Destroyer of Civilizations As an alternative climate summit gets underway in the Bolivian city of Cochabamba, many in the Andean region are wondering how they will cope with El Niño, a cyclical meteorological phenomenon in which Pacific surface temperatures rise and have repercussions on weather around the world. El Niño takes place irregularly about every two to seven years and lasts from twelve to eighteen months. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/5953 2010-04-11T20:36:00Z 2010-04-11T21:43:10Z Cochabamba Climate Conference: the Coca Contradiction <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://photos.mongabay.com/j/Evo_Morales_at_COP15.thumb.jpg " align="left"/></td></tr></table>In the high stakes game of geopolitics, the small and economically disadvantaged Andean nation of Bolivia has little clout. Now, however, the country’s indigenous president Evo Morales wants to establish more of a significant voice on the world stage. Recently, he has turned himself into something of a spokesperson on the issue of climate change. Decrying the failure of world leaders to come to a satisfactory agreement on global warming, he is intent on shaming the Global North into addressing climate change. Whatever Bolivia lacks in terms of political and economic muscle, Morales would like to offset through skilled use of moral persuasion. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/5329 2009-12-18T17:55:00Z 2009-12-18T18:30:26Z Bolivia's President blames capitalism for global warming The President of Bolivia, Evo Morales, clearly frustrated with the progression of talks at the Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen, today blamed capitalism for global warming. Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/4750 2009-07-20T22:30:00Z 2009-07-20T23:48:28Z Can non-timber forest products help conserve the Amazon? <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://photos.mongabay.com/09/0720braznut.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Industrial-scale logging and resource exploitation continue to plague the South American rainforests, contributing to their systematic destruction. Today, indigenous inhabitants and other local residents of the rainforests and their surrounding areas, faced with the enormous pressures of the global economy, often find themselves in a crucible. Many of their opportunities for supporting themselves and their families financially involve logging or other large-scale operations that deplete and ultimately decimate the forests. In order to make even a marginal living, local people often find themselves forced to participate in the destruction of the very ecosystems that they live in and depend on. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/4482 2009-04-19T19:21:00Z 2010-11-24T23:04:52Z Mysterious decline of small mammals in Bolivia may be linked to burning Amazon <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://i54.photobucket.com/albums/g94/troufs/cavia043gd-1-1.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>During ten years surveying small mammal populations in Bolivia's cerrado, Dr. Louise Emmons with the Smithsonian Institute found that the mammals were suffering precipitous declines, even local extinctions. After ruling out the usual suspects—local fires, rainfall, and flooding—Emmons formed a novel hypothesis regarding the decline. Could a sudden lack of nighttime dew caused by the burning of the Amazon be the cause of the mammal decline? Jeremy Hance tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/4401 2009-03-23T00:46:00Z 2009-03-24T01:36:18Z Mama tree iguanas targeted by hunters as source of traditional medicine in Bolivia <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://photos.mongabay.com/09/0323lizard150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Harvesting of a Bolivian lizard for its purported healing powers is leading to its depletion, report researchers writing in <i>Tropical Conservation Science</i>. Erika De la Galvez Murillo and Luis F. Pacheco of the Universidad Mayor de San Andrés found that collection of the Andean Tree Iguana or "Jararank'o" (Liolaemus signifer), a lizard found on Bolivia's dry Altiplano, for use in traditional medicine reduced population by nearly half relative to unharvested sites. They note that the species may suffer increased mortality when dens are destroyed during harvesting since mother lizards &#8212; targeted by collectors for their size &#8212; care for their young. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/4311 2009-02-19T04:43:00Z 2009-02-19T06:25:50Z Amazon rainforest in big trouble, says UN <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://photos.mongabay.com/09/0218amazon150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Economic development could doom the Amazon warns a comprehensive new report from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The report &#8212; titled <i>GEO Amazonia</i> [<a target=_blank href=http://www.unep.org/pdf/GEOAMAZONIA.pdf>PDF-21.3MB</a>] &#8212; is largely a synthesis of previously published research, drawing upon studies by more than 150 experts in the eight countries that share the Amazon. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/4289 2009-02-12T13:02:00Z 2009-02-12T14:04:35Z Payments for eco services could save the Amazon <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://photos.mongabay.com/09/0212wwf150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Paying for the ecological services provided by the Amazon rainforest could be the key to saving it, reports a new analysis from WWF. The study, Keeping the Amazon forests standing: a matter of values, tallied the economic value of various ecosystem services afforded by Earth's largest rainforest. It found that standing forest is worth, at minimum, $426 per hectare per year. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/4287 2009-02-11T22:22:00Z 2009-02-21T22:25:15Z France's Suez liable for illegal deforestation, "dynamite fishing" in the Amazon rainforest A consortium building the Jirau hydroelectric dam in Brazil near the Bolivian border has been ordered to pay roughly $3.5 million in fines for illegally logging nearly 50 acres (18.6 ha) of forest and using dynamite to kill 11 tons of fish in local rivers, reports the Spanish news agency EFE. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/3429 2008-10-13T14:30:39Z 2008-12-16T10:15:41Z Exelon signs rainforest conservation deal to help reduce emissions Environmental crime is generating $10 billion a year in revenue for gangsters and criminal syndicates reports the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) in a paper released today. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/3281 2008-09-28T14:30:00Z 2012-09-12T21:15:24Z 'Snow leopard' of the Andes is one of the world's most endangered cats <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://photos.mongabay.com/08/0928mauro150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>One of the world's rarest cats is also one of its least known. The Andean mountain cat, sometimes called the "snow leopard" of the Andes, is an elusive species found only at high elevations of the Andean region in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile and Peru. Little is known about its ecology and behavior. While the species is known to be rare, no one knows how many individuals survive in the wild. Mauro Lucherini and his colleagues at the Andean Cat Alliance(AGA) are working to change this. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/3234 2008-08-12T14:30:39Z 2008-12-16T10:14:59Z Oil development could destroy the most biodiverse part of the Amazon 688,000 square kilometers (170 million acres) of the western Amazon is under concession for oil and gas development, according to a new study published in the August 13 edition of the open-access journal PLoS ONE. The results suggest the region, which is considered by scientists to be the most biodiverse on the planet and is home to some of the world's last uncontacted indigenous groups, is at great risk of environmental degradation. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/3266 2008-08-05T14:30:00Z 2012-09-12T21:12:42Z Often overlooked, small wild cats are important and in trouble <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://photos.mongabay.com/08/0805jim150.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>While often over-shadowed by their larger and better-known relatives like lions, tigers, leopards, and jaguars, small cats are important indicators of the health of an ecosystem, says a leading small cat expert who uses camera traps extensively to document and monitor mammals in the wild. Dr Jim Sanderson, a scientist with the Small Cat Conservation Alliance and Conservation International, is working to save some of the world's rarest cats, including the Andean cat and Guigna of South America and the bay, flat-headed, and marbled cats of Southeast Asia. In the process Sanderson has captured on film some of the planet's least seen animals, including some species that have never before been photographed. He has also found that despite widespread criticism, some corporate entities are effectively protecting remote wilderness areas. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/3112 2008-07-24T14:30:39Z 2008-12-16T10:14:34Z 14 countries win REDD funding to protect tropical forests Fourteen countries have been selected by the World Bank to receive funds for conserving their tropical forests under an innovative carbon finance scheme. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/2872 2008-04-30T14:30:39Z 2008-12-29T06:48:39Z New species of river dolphin discovered in the Amazon Researchers have identified a new species of river dolphin in the Bolivian Amazon according to the Whale and Dolphin conservation Society (WDCS). The announcement was made at a conservation workshop in Santa Cruz de la Sierra in Bolivia. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/2328 2007-09-11T14:30:39Z 2008-12-29T06:46:42Z Land-clearing fires send smoke across Argentina, Paraguay Thousands of fires likely set for land-clearing are sending thick smoke over southern South America, reports NASA. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/1869 2007-05-28T14:30:39Z 2008-12-29T06:45:15Z U.S. tropical timber imports fall by half in 2006 Tropical lumber imports into the United States fell from 353,985 cubic meters in 2005 to 176,806 cubic meters in 2006, reports the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) in its latest update. Tropical timber made up only 12 percent of U.S. hardwood lumber imports by volume for the year. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/1346 2006-11-06T08:00:39Z 2008-12-29T06:43:47Z Bolivia could earn hundreds of millions under global warming deal Bolivia could earn hundreds of millions of dollars through a global warming deal that may be proposed this week at climate talks between 189 countries in Nairobi, Kenya. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/1176 2006-11-01T04:28:00Z 2009-12-08T07:02:20Z Avoided deforestation could send $38 billion to third world under global warming pact <table align="left"><tr><td><img src="http://photos.mongabay.com/06/1031defor2.jpg" align="left"/></td></tr></table>Avoided deforestation will be a hot point of discussion at next week's climate meeting in Nairobi, Kenya. Already a coalition of 15 rainforest nations have proposed a plan whereby industrialized nations would pay them to protect their forests to offset greenhouse gas emissions. Meanwhile, last month Brazil -- which has the world's largest extent of tropical rainforests and the world's highest rate of forest loss -- said it promote a similar initiative at the talks. At stake: potentially billions of dollars for developing countries. When trees are cut greenhouse gases are released into the atmosphere -- roughly 20 percent of annual emissions of such heat-trapping gases result from deforestation and forest degradation. Avoided deforestation is the concept where countries are paid to prevent deforestation that would otherwise occur. Policymakers and environmentalists alike find the idea attractive because it could help fight climate change at a low cost while improving living standards for some of the world's poorest people and preserving biodiversity and other ecosystem services. A number of prominent conservation biologists and development agencies including the World Bank and the U.N. have already endorsed the idea. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/731 2006-01-10T15:19:39Z 2008-12-29T06:42:32Z Pantanal, the world's largest wetland, disappearing finds new report Deforestation has destroyed 17 percent of the Pantanal, the world's largest wetland, according to a new report from conservation International. The Pantanal, an area of flooded grassland and savanna covering 200,000 square kilometers during the rainy season, includes parts of Brazil, Paraguay, and Bolivia and is fed by the Rio Paraguay. The wetland is home to some 3500 species of plant and 650 species of birds. About 125 types of mammals, 180 kinds of reptiles, 41 types of amphibians, and 325 species of fish have been found in the region. The Pantanal in an important source of freshwater to neighboring farming areas and downstream urban areas. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/693 2005-12-20T15:19:39Z 2008-12-29T06:42:28Z Bolivian rainforest certified to reduce greenhouse gas emissions The Bolivian government, The Nature Conservancy and the Bolivian conservation organization Fundaci&#243;n Amigos de la Naturaleza announced that the Noel Kempff Mercado Climate Action Project is the first conservation-based initiative in the world to be fully certified for reducing greenhouse gas emissions using internationally accepted standards. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/612 2005-11-29T15:19:39Z 2008-12-29T06:42:21Z Rainforests worth $1.1 trillion for carbon alone in Coalition nations If a coalition of developing countries has its way, there could soon be new forests sprouting up in tropical regions. The group of ten countries, led by Papua New Guinea, has proposed that wealthy countries pay them to preserve their rainforests. The Coalition for Rainforest Nations argues that all countries should pay for the benefits -- from carbon sequestration to watershed protection -- that tropical rainforests provide. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/583 2005-11-20T15:19:39Z 2008-12-29T06:42:18Z Pantanal wetland in Bolivia threatened by port project says WWF Plans for the construction of a commercial port and railway access line crossing Bolivia's Otuquis National Park -- a protected area and Ramsar site located in the heart of the world's largest wetland area, the Pantanal -- must be radically restructured so that it doesn't cause irreparable environmental damage and economic losses, warns WWF. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/573 2005-11-17T15:19:39Z 2008-12-29T06:42:18Z Nigeria has worst deforestation rate, FAO revises figures Nigeria has the world's highest deforestation rate of primary forests according to revised deforestation figures from the the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/565 2005-11-16T15:19:00Z 2010-10-11T20:15:12Z World deforestation rates and forest cover statistics, 2000-2005 Cambodia has the world's highest deforestation rate, Brazil loses the largest area of forest annually, and Congo consumes more bushmeat than any other tropical country. These are among the findings from mongabay.com's analysis of new deforestation figures from the United Nations. Monday, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) released its 2005 <i>Global Forest Resources Assessment</i>, a regular report on the status world's forest resources. Overall, FAO concludes that net deforestation rates have fallen since the 1990-2000 period, but some 13 million hectares of the world's forests are still lost each year, including 6 million hectares of primary forests. Primary forests -- forests with no visible signs of past or present human activities -- are considered the most biologically diverse ecosystems on the planet. Rhett Butler tag:news.mongabay.com,2005:Article/410 2005-09-23T15:19:39Z 2008-12-29T06:42:12Z Fires rage in Bolivian rainforest Fires have burned more than 1700 square miles (4450 square km) of Amazon rainforest and pasture in Bolivia, prompting the government to declare a state of emergency in two provinces. Rhett Butler