April 17, 2013
The expedition, organized by Greenpeace, saw the flag lowered in a time capsule that contained the signatures of nearly 3 million people who are calling for a ban on exploitation in the region.
Climate change is causing record losses of sea ice in the Arctic, which is driving exploration for new oil and gas fields and the increasing use of shipping routes across the region.
The capsule was lowered four kilometers through freezing waters beneath the ice to the same spot on the seabed where a Russian submarine planted the flag for Moscow in 2007.
Before his expedition, explorer Artur Chilingarov said: "The Arctic is Russian. We must prove the north pole is an extension of the Russian landmass."
Josefina Skerk, an indigenous activist and Sami parliament member in Sweden, and a member of the Greenpeace team, said: "We're here to say this special area of the Arctic belongs to no person or nation, but is the common heritage of everyone on Earth. We're asking that this area be declared a global sanctuary, off-limits to oil companies and political posturing."
Apr 15, 2013. Team Aurora (L-R) Kiera Dawn Kolson of the Tso Tine-Gwich in nations in Northern Canada; Renny Bijoux from Seychelles—a nation under grave threat from climate change; Josefina Skerk, a member of the Sami Parliament in Sweden; 20-year-old musician and Hollywood actor Ezra Miller, show the 'Flag for the future' designed by 13-year-old Sarah Batrisyia from Malaysia at the North Pole. Photo by: Greenpeace.
Miller, star of We Need to Talk About Kevin and The Perks of Being a Wallflower, said: "I can't feel the tips of my fingers or toes but my head and heart are filled with a newfound determination. Melting ice is a catastrophe, not a profit-making opportunity. To see it as such is utter madness."
Nobel peace prizewinner Archbishop Desmond Tutu lent his support to the campaign for an Arctic sanctuary: "The melting of the Arctic matters to every person on Earth, and I believe that we must work together to create a sanctuary in the uninhabited area around the north pole. We owe it to future generations to protect the Arctic and keep destructive industry away from this fragile and beautiful place."
The Greenpeace expedition team also included Renny Bijoux, member of the youth parliament from the Seychelles and Kiera-Dawn Kolson of the Tso'Tine-Gwich'in nations in northern Canada. They trekked for a week across the frozen ocean in temperatures of -30C, each pulling heavy sleighs weighing 80kg behind them. After their supplies dwindled as the shifting ice took them further from the pole, the team hitched a ride with a helicopter that was flying in from the nearby Barneo base, to put them within striking distance of the pole.
Greenland, with the US and Russia, has been at the forefront of oil company hopes to uncover an estimated 25% of the world's remaining oil and gas reserves lying under and around the Arctic Ocean. But in March a new government in Greenland placed a moratorium on the granting of fresh offshore oil and gas drilling licenses in its waters. In February, Shell shut down its 2013 drilling season in the Arctic waters off Alaska, after a series of mishaps and mechanical failures.
The fast-melting sea ice is also being increasingly linked with unusually cold and wet weather affecting Europe.
By 2050 much of the Arctic could be green
(04/01/2013) Warming about twice as fast as the rest of the world, the Arctic is already undergoing massive upheavals from climate change: summer sea ice is thinning and vanishing, land based ice sheets are melting, and sea levels are rising. Now a new study in Nature Climate Change predicts that vegetation cover in the Arctic could expand by over 50 percent by 2050. Although increased vegetation would sequester additional carbon, this would be more-than-offset by the loss of the albedo effect, whereby sunlight bounces off white (snow and ice covered) parts of the Earth.
Global warming to open new Arctic sea lanes
(03/05/2013) Rapidly melting sea ice in the Arctic due to global warming will open new shipping lanes that will speed transit between northern Asia, Europe, Canada and Alaska but unleash new safety, environmental and legal issues, according to scientists writing in this week's issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Shell suspends Arctic oil drilling for the year
(02/27/2013) Royal Dutch Shell announced today that it was setting "pause" on its exploratory drilling activities in the Arctic for 2013. Shell's operations are currently under review by the federal government after the oil company suffered numerous setbacks during last year's opening attempt to drill exploratory wells in the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas, including running its drilling rig aground on Sitkalidak Island in southern Alaska in late December.
Arctic sea ice volume plunges over a third in less than 10 years
(02/18/2013) Few places are changing as rapidly as the Arctic due to global warming. Last year, scientists were stunned when the Arctic's seasonal ice extent fell to record low that was 18 percent below the previous one set in 2007. But new research in Geophysical Research Letters finds that the volume of ice is melting away just as quickly: satellite and ocean-based measurement have found that Arctic sea ice has fallen by 36 percent in Autumn since 2003. In winter, the ice volume has dropped 9 percent.
NGOs call on Obama Administration to suspend Arctic oil drilling after series of blunders
(01/10/2013) A coalition of 17 conservation groups are calling on the Obama Administration to suspend offshore oil and gas drilling in the Arctic after Shell's attempt to drill there has been undermined by a series of mishaps. Shell's long stream of problems was capped this month when the company lost control of its drilling rig which ran aground on Sitkalidak Island in southern Alaska. Officials have now warned that up to 272 gallons of diesel fuel may have spilled from the rig's lifeboats.