October 11, 2012
Monthly DETER deforestation data from INPE since August 2008. Augusts denoted by orange.
In a statement, Environment Minister Izabella Teixeira said the new body will be backed by the army, the federal police and the Brazilian Environment Institution (IBAMA). The force will be charged with "permanent" surveillance of the Amazon.
The new force is a response to a sharp increase in deforestation since August. Data from Brazil's National Space Research Institute, INPE, showed that deforestation in August 2012 was 220 percent higher than August 2011. September 2012 clearing was up about 11 percent relative to a year earlier.
Teixeira blamed high commodity prices, drought, and land speculation along the Trans-Amazonian highway, which is being paved, for the increase.
More than 60 percent of the Amazon rainforest lies within Brazil's borders.