March 22, 2012
Sumatran orangutan in the Leuser rainforest. Photo by Rhett Butler.
In letters directed toward judges weighing the case in Sumatra's Aceh Provice, Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, the country's REDD+ authority, the World Bank, and the Governors' Climate and Forests Task Force (GCF), a coalition of conservation groups says the outcome of the case could have substantial implications for efforts to conserve Indonesia's remaining forests and peatlands.
The case revolves around a recent decision by Aceh Governor Irwardi Yusuf to grant a permit to develop a 1,600-hectare (3,950-acre) oil palm plantation in the heart of Tripa peat swamp, which environmentalists say is a critical habitat for Sumatran orangutans. The area consists of "deep peat", meaning that conversion will spawn substantial greenhouse gas emissions, as well as reducing the capacity of the ecosystem to buffer against flooding and drought.
The concern is that the permit was issued despite prohibitions about clearing the forest area, which was initially listed as "off-limits" under the national moratorium enacted last year and is also protected under its designation as part of the Leuser Ecosystem. Conversion of the forest would further seem to breach a ban on plantation development in deep peat areas as well as Governor Irwandi's own moratorium on deforestation. Finally the concession was allegedly granted without the consent of local communities, which WAHLI — the coalition of Indonesian NGOs — says they oppose and is now the basis for the lawsuit, which has been brought in Banda Aceh, the capital of Aceh Province.
The defendants include the Governor Irwandi and PT Kallista Alam, the palm oil company that won the permit. Judges are expected to rule on the case March 28.
WAHLI alleges that PT Kallista Alam, has lobbied heavily for the plantation, winning an exemption under the 2011 moratorium. Mongabay was unable to confirm the accuracy of this claim, but the most recent revision of the indicative map, which defines the moratorium, shows the area in question is now zoned as 'unprotected' (the moratorium excludes areas granted for concessions prior to January 1, 2011 even if they haven't yet been developed). Governor Irwandi's office did not respond to multiple requests for comment. Attempts to reach PT Kallista Alam were unsuccessful.
WAHLI says that a decision in favor of Governor Irwandi and PT Kallista Alam would "make a mockery" Indonesia's commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and undermine laws in place to protect endangered species and high conservation value forest.
"If the judges find in favor of the Governor and PT Kallista Alam, and the permit is allowed to stand, the implications for a wide range of environmental and social issues in Indonesia are huge," said WAHLI in a statement. "A win in this case will represent a major turning point for the long term protection of the Leuser Ecosystem, probably the single most important protected ecosystem in SE Asia, and send a strong message towards improving environmental governance in Indonesia."
Northern section of the new concession plotted on a time series of satellite images (Spot 5: 29/1/06; Landsat 7: 21/1/10 and 20/10/20) showing damage to the area before the concession permit was ever issued. The purple star on the right hand image are orangutan nests photographed on 11/11/11. Red flames with yellow border are fire hot spots in 2011, red flames with black borders are those in 2009 and 2010, and the small red dots are fire events 2001 to 2008.
The 2 original concession areas of PT Kallista Alam (shown in pink hatching) and “new” concession (in red) in the Tripa peat swamps, on a 2006 satellite. Images and captions contained in Tripa Truths, a report produced for Tim Koalisi Penyelematan Rawa Tripa.
Aceh is among the most forested provinces in Sumatra, which has suffered widespread forest loss for oil palm estates and pulp and paper plantations.
Indonesia grants exemption from logging moratorium for 3.6m ha of forest
(12/21/2011) Indonesia exempted 3.6 million hectares of forests and peatlands from protected status under its two-year moratorium on forest concessions, according to a revised version of its moratorium map released near the end of climate talks in Durban. Aceh's 'green' governor breaks Indonesia's moratorium by granting oil palm plantation, alleges group
(11/23/2011) Aceh governor Irwandi Yusuf may have broken Indonesia's moratorium on new concessions in peatlands when he approved an oil palm plantation in the Tripa peat swamp in August this year, alleges WAHLI, an Indonesian environmental group.
Indonesia's new forest moratorium map improved, say experts
(07/13/2011) The latest version of Indonesia's forest moratorium map is much improved over its predecessor, say forestry analysts from Daemeter Consulting.
Carbon for forests will help Aceh recover from war, tsunami
(09/18/2007) Carbon credits through forest conservation will play an important role in Aceh's recovery from decades of civil war and the devastating 2004 tsunami, which left more than 167,000 people dead and 500,000 homeless in the Indonesia province, said Aceh governor Irwandi Jusuf in meeting in San Francisco.