May 10, 2010
"As producers and consumers of tropical timber, Cameroon and the EU have a joint responsibility to eradicate illegal logging and related trade. This is good for Cameroon and good for European consumers, who remain as concerned as ever about climate change, which has forest degradation and illegal logging as one of its causes," said Stefano Manservisi, Director General for Development of the European Commission in a press release.
Currently about 80 percent of Cameroon's sawn timber exports go to the EU, while 60 percent of its log exports head to China. Cameroon's total exports of wood and wood products reached nearly half a billion dollars in 2006, three-fourths of which went to EU member nations.
Logs in harbour in Kribi, Cameroon, waiting to be shipped to Doula for international export. Photo by: Jade Saunders
The agreement states that by 2012 all wood-products from Cameroon to the EU must have a license showing they were legally obtained. In addition, the agreement states that the wood products must have been harvested in a way that retains the health of the nation's forests and gives benefits back to forest communities.
Almost half of Cameroon today is under forest cover: approximately 20 million hectares. From 2000-2005 Cameroon lost about 220,000 hectares of forest annually, a rate of nearly one percent. From 1990-2005, Cameroon lost 13.4 percent of its forest cover or 3.3 million hectares. Illegal logging has long plagued the central African nation, while much of the nation's wood has been harvested unsustainably by foreign companies.
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