REDD in Madagascar
Rhett A. Butler, wildmadagascar.org
December 08, 2009
Madagascar is famous for its biodiversity as well as its large-scale environmental damage. While the country has lately become know for its conservation initiatives, it still stuffers a relatively high deforestation rate, making it a strong candidate for REDD, which would pay Madagascar for avoiding deforestation in the future. By some estimates, REDD could generate more than $100 million a year for the country should it significantly cut deforestation rates.
Barry Ferguson of the University of East Anglia reviews Madagascar's five current REDD Pilot Projects in Madagascar: Makira, run by the Makira Carbon Company (MCC) and Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS); the Ankeniheny to Zahamena Forest Corridor (CAZ), run by Conservation International; the Fandriana to Vondrozo Forest Corridor (COFAV), also run by Conservation International; the Holistic Forest Conservation Programme (PHCF), run by WWF and Good Planet; and FORECA, run by GTZ/Inter-cooperation. He highlights more than dozen other REDD and forest carbon initiatives in development, ranging from projects run by big international NGOs to small community efforts.
Ferguson also notes some of the pitfalls of REDD, including questions of land use rights, meeting the needs of local forest users, and fair distribution of REDD money. Two main suggestions emerge from his review:
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