Predators prefer to eat stupid animals
mongabay.com
August 2, 2006


Predators such as jaguar and chimpanzees consistently target smaller-brained prey less capable of escape according to research published in the Royal Society Journal Biology Letters.

The study, carried out by Dr Susanne Shultz, from the School of Biological Sciences at the University of Liverpool, found that predators avoid more intelligent prey such as monkeys which have exceptionally large brains and are more capable of escaping attacks.


Wild chimpanzee in Uganda. Photo by Rhett A. Butler

Dr Shultz looked at predators including the jaguar, chimpanzee, leopard and puma, and found a "strong correlation between the brain size of the prey and the predatory bias towards it." Dr Shultz said that small-brained animals lack "behavioral flexibility" and "are probably less capable of developing new strategies to escape predators, compared with larger-brained species."

"When these findings are put into perspective, it makes sense that being clever should help individuals avoid or escape danger — the larger-brained chimpanzees rarely feature in the diets of predators," Dr Shultz remarked. "Some animals' ability to avoid being eaten by predators may be a contributing factor to the evolution of large brains across some species, adding to conventional theories which argue this is important for developing social relationships and using tools."

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This article is a modified news release from the University of Liverpool.




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CITATION:
mongabay.com (August 02, 2006).

Predators prefer to eat stupid animals.

http://news.mongabay.com/2006/0802-predators.html